Bissara, also known as bissouro which means cooked beans in ancient Egyptian language or Bessara, Besarah and Tamarakt (Arabic: "بصارة", Berber: "Tabissart" or "talkhcha")

The dish contains simple ingredients: Split fava beans, onions, garlic, fresh aromatic herbs and spices. All ingredients are slowly cooked and then blended together to yield a creamy and fragrant dip or side dish.

Food historians believe that the name Bissara originates from the Hieroglyphic world “Bisourou” or cooked beans. puréed broad beans as a primary ingredient.[1][2][3][4] Additional ingredients include garlic, olive oil, lemon juice, hot red pepper, cumin, and salt.[1][5] Bissara is sometimes prepared using split peas or chickpeas.[6][7] In Egypt, bissara also includes herbs or leafy greens—particularly parsley, mint, dill, spinach, or molokhiya, though the latter is more commonly added by Egyptian expatriates in Palestine—and is eaten with bread as a dip.[8][9] It is typically inexpensive, and has been described as a pauper's dish.[10][5]

Bissara is a dish in Egyptian cuisine and Moroccan cuisine.[1][11][12] In Egypt, bissara is eaten exclusively as a dip for bread, and is served for breakfast, as a meze, or more rarely, for lunch or dinner. Egyptian bissara includes herbs or leafy greens, hot peppers, lemon juice, and occasionally onion.[8] It is traditionally a rural farmer's dish,[8] though it has become more popular in urban Egypt since 2011 because it is healthier than its urban counterpart, ful medames.[13]

In Morocco, bissara is popular during the colder months of the year, and can be found in town squares and various alleyways.[2][14][15] It is typically served in shallow bowls or soup plates, and topped with olive oil, paprika, and cumin.[7] Bread is sometimes eaten dipped into the dish, and lemon juice is sometimes added as a topping.[7]

See also



  1. ^ a b c Weiss, J.; Chirichigno, P. (2007). Egyptian Cooking English Edition. Bonechi. p. 30. ISBN 978-88-476-0706-4.
  2. ^ a b Valenta, Kyle (June 23, 2016). "How to eat breakfast like a local around the world - Provided By Advertising Publications". The Seattle Times. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
  3. ^ Morse, K. (1998). Cooking at the Kasbah: Recipes from My Morroccan Kitchen. Chronicle Books. p. 63. ISBN 978-0-8118-1503-1.
  4. ^ Good Eating's Global Dining in Chicago: Where to Find the City's Best International, Ethnic, and Exotic Restaurants. Agate Publishing, Incorporated. 2013. p. 71. ISBN 978-1-57284-443-8. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
  5. ^ a b Hal, F.; Hamon, J.; Barbey, B. (2013). Authentic Recipes from Morocco. Tuttle Publishing. p. 47. ISBN 978-1-4629-0540-9.
  6. ^ "The spice of life in magical Marrakesh..." June 28, 2014. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
  7. ^ a b c Jaffrey, M. (2014). Madhur Jaffrey's World Vegetarian: More Than 650 Meatless Recipes from Around the World. Potter/TenSpeed/Harmony. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-307-81612-2.
  8. ^ a b c كريم, محمد (2015-11-08). "البصارة... وجبة الشتاء الزهيدة". العربي (in Arabic). Retrieved 2018-05-14.
  9. ^ Yasmine (March 17, 2016). "Classic Egyptian Bessara". Cairo Cooking. Retrieved 2018-05-14.((cite web)): CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  10. ^ Honnor, J. (2012). Morocco Footprint Handbook. Footprint Handbooks. Footprint. p. 24. ISBN 978-1-907263-31-6. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
  11. ^ Kitchen, M.B.T. (2010). World Kitchen Morocco. Murdoch Books. p. pt42. ISBN 978-1-74266-500-9. (subscription required)
  12. ^ Engineers, N.B.C. (2006). The Complete Book on Spices & Condiments (with Cultivation, Processing & Uses) 2nd Revised Edition: With Cultivation, Processing & Uses. Asia Pacific Business Press. p. 61. ISBN 978-81-7833-038-9.
  13. ^ El-Wardani, Lina (2010-05-05). "An Ancient Diet". Retrieved 2018-05-14.
  14. ^ "Bissara, le plat chaud anti-froid". Retrieved 2021-12-27.
  15. ^ Rosa., Amar (2 November 2017). Cuisine juive marocaine : la cuisine de Rosa. ISBN 978-2-7558-0763-9. OCLC 1013172477.