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Rice noodles
Thin rice noodles in dried form
TypeNoodle
Place of originChina
Region or stateEast Asia and Southeast Asia
Main ingredientsRice flour, water
VariationsBánh canh, bánh phở, khanom chin, kuān tiáo, lai fun, mixian, rice vermicelli, sevai, shahe fen
A rice noodle dish in a pan

Rice noodles, or simply rice noodle, are noodles made with rice flour and water as the principal ingredients. Sometimes ingredients such as tapioca or corn starch are added in order to improve the transparency or increase the gelatinous and chewy texture of the noodles. Rice noodles are most common in the cuisines of China, India and Southeast Asia. They are available fresh, frozen, or dried, in various shapes, thicknesses and textures. Fresh noodles are also highly perishable; their shelf life may be just several days.

History

The origin of rice noodles dates back to China during the Qin dynasty when people from northern China invaded the south. Due to climatic conditions, the northern Chinese have traditionally preferred wheat and millet which grew in cold weather while the southern Chinese preferred rice which grew in hot weather. Noodles are traditionally made out of wheat and eaten throughout northern China so to adapt, northern cooks tried to prepare "noodles" using rice, thus inventing rice noodles. Over time rice noodles and their processing methods have been introduced around the world, becoming especially popular in Southeast Asia.[1] In India, idi-appam, strings of cooked rice, was known in ancient Tamil country around 1st century AD, as per references in the Sangam literature, according to food historian K. T. Achaya.[2]

The shelf life may be extended by drying and removing its moisture content. Studies of drying rice noodles were conducted by the International Food Research Journal.[3]

Varieties

See also: Chinese rice noodle types, Thai rice noodle types, Vietnamese noodle types, and Burmese noodle types

Round thick varieties

Flat thick varieties

Thin varieties

Others

Pasta made from brown rice flour is also available (in health food stores in Western nations) as an alternative to wheat flour-based noodles for individuals who react poorly to gluten.

Dishes

Closeup of pad thai, a Thai dish made from rice noodles
Boiled rice noodles
Rice noodles in coconut milk on a plaintain leaf, with jackfruit masala.
Curry rice noodles served at a hotel in Kajang, Malaysia. The curry noodles contain fish balls, red chillies, mung bean sprouts, tofu, star anise, and cloves.

Burmese

Cambodian

Chinese

Filipino

Indonesian

Lao

Malaysian

South Indian/Sri Lankan

Singapore

Thai

Vietnamese

See also: Vietnamese_noodles § Noodle_dishes, and List_of_Vietnamese_dishes § Noodle_dishes

See also

References

  1. ^ Liu, Y.L. (2010). Processing technology of rice and its products. China: China Light Industry Press. pp. 84–85.
  2. ^ K. T. Achaya (November 2003). The Story of Our Food. Universities Press. p. 80. ISBN 81-7371-293-X.
  3. ^ Ismail, M.H.; Law, C.L.; Hii, C.L. (December 2016). "Transparency phenomena of flat-rice noodles (kuew teow) at drying at soaking variation" (PDF). International Food Research Journal. 23 (Suppl): S195–S202. Retrieved 26 June 2018 – via www.ifrj.upm.edu.my.
  4. ^ "Epic Guide to Delicious Local Foods in Mandalay". 7 March 2019.
  5. ^ "Uniquely Mandalay Foods".
  6. ^ "pin rice noodles".
  7. ^ "All About Noodles, Sen Guay Tiew – Thai Noodles for the Beginner Episode I".
  8. ^ "Types of noodles in Thailand". 10 October 2016.
  9. ^ "A Burmese Food Pop-Up Hyde-ing In Plain Sight In My Own 'Hood At Jonas On Hyde". 19 March 2014.
  10. ^ Aye, Mimi (13 June 2019). nan-byar-ghi-thoke meaning. ISBN 9781472959508.
  11. ^ "Burmese Food Primer: Essential Dishes To Eat In Myanmar". 22 February 2017.
  12. ^ "Shan Khauk Swè". 10 July 2017.
  13. ^ "BEST BURMESE FOOD: WHAT TO EAT IN MYANMAR". 6 January 2017.
  14. ^ "THROUGH TIME & PLACE WITH A BOWL OF NOODLES".
  15. ^ "Eating in Burma".
  16. ^ "21 Most Popular Burmese Foods To Fall In Love With 2022". 4 March 2022.
  17. ^ "Kua Mee (Pad Lao)". 16 May 2021.
  18. ^ "Khua Mee (Fried & Caramelised Rice Noodles)". 30 June 2021.
  19. ^ "KUA MEE". 29 January 2018.
  20. ^ "String Hoppers".
  21. ^ "Bún Cá Rô Noodle Soup".
  22. ^ "A Speciality of Phu Quoc, Bún Kèn is a Tropical Island in a Bowl".
  23. ^ "Ha Tien trumpet rice noodle soup".
  24. ^ "Bun Ken Phu Quoc - rich and delicious flavor".
  25. ^ "10 Must Try Phu Quoc Foods & Where to find them".
  26. ^ "Bun Ken - Another type of unique noodle at Phu Quoc island, Vietnam".
  27. ^ "Ken Vermicelli (Bún Kèn)".
  28. ^ "Ken noodles Phu Quoc: A local delicacy that leaves a delicious aftertaste".
  29. ^ "Bún Kèn – Vietnamese Fish Curry".
  30. ^ "Bún kèn, a speciality of Phú Quốc Island".
  31. ^ "Searching for the Elusive Vietnamese Noodle Dish Bún Kèn".
  32. ^ "Red Boat Fish Sauce recipe: Bún kèn (Coconut Fish with Noodles)".
  33. ^ "Bun nuoc ken: Chau Doc's speciality".
  34. ^ "Top 11 Best Dishes in Mekong Delta".
  35. ^ "TOP 6 SPECIAL FOODS YOU SHOULD NOT MISS IN PHU QUOC ISLAND".
  36. ^ "8 Famous Breakfast Dishes in Phu Quoc to Taste".