Ofada rice (upper right) served in traditional style with fried plantain and beef
Ofada rice

Ofada rice is a Yoruba dish. It is the name of an indigenous rice from a small community called Ofada, located in the Obafemi Owode Local Government Area of Ogun State. It is not exclusively grown in the community, but it is an indigenous rice grown in southwest Nigeria but named after the Ofada community.[1][2][3] It is used in making a variety of dishes. Ofada rice are mostly blends, and some of the rice varieties in the blends are not indigenous to Africa; however, they usually also contain African rice. It is grown almost exclusively in Ogun State,[4] a state in southwestern Nigeria.[1] Ofada rice is grown on free-draining soil where the water table is permanently below the root of the plant.[5]


Ofada rice are mostly blends, and usually contain Oryza glaberrima (African rice) as well as the more common Oryza sativa Asian rice, and may be categorized as either brown/red Ofada or white Ofada on the basis of unmilled seed colour.[6][7][8] Grain size, shape, and shade vary.[6]

Ofada rice is unpolished.[4][9] As African rice is more difficult to mill and polish, some or all of the rice bran is left on the grain, strengthening the flavour and making it more nutritious. Brown ofada rice is often very highly aromatic, whereas white ofada rice is typically non-aromatic.[4] They are also known for swelling in size when cooked.[4] It is sometimes processed using fermentation, which adds an aromatic quality to the product.[4]

Ofada rice is typically priced higher compared to other available rice, and it has been regarded as a sign of status symbolism by some people.[4][10] In contemporary times, it is sometimes served at classy parties.[4] It is also sold as street food by vendors, often pre wrapped up in Ewe Eran leaf, then served with the special Ayamashe sauce or Ofada stew with egg, beef, ponmo, chicken and or fish.


One of the major types of rice grown in Nigeria is called Ofada rice. This variety got its name from the fact that it was grown and processed in the South-West Nigerian villages of Ofada and other rice-producing villages. The crop was first grown in Abeokuta, Ogun State, and introduced through missionary activities between the 1850s and 1970s. From there, it was spread to the Lagos region in Epe and Okitipupa; from there, it was moved to Ogoja and Abakaliki provinces after the Second World War; and finally, it was spread across the Sahara and to northern Nigeria via the Trans-Saharan trade. Because of the unique taste and aroma of the variety which makes it more popular than other local varieties with distinct taste when cooked.[4]


Ofada rice is named after the town Ofada, where its cultivation first occurred.[4] Ofada is a town located in Ogun state.[4]


Ofada rice is traditionally served in an uma leaf (Thaumatococcus daniellii), with a sauce of atarodo (spicy) and tatase (sweet) pepper, onion, locust beans, palm oil, and meat. It is a festive meal rather than an everyday type of food for most Nigerians but it is an everyday street food for the towns of Ikenne and Ilisan in Ogun state.[6][11][12] It is also often served along with a vegetable stew that may contain locust beans as an ingredient.[4] It is often served with ayamase stew or obe-ata-iru, both specially prepared for ofada rice consumption.

Ofada stew

Ofada stew is a local dish which originated from the southern part of Nigeria. Ofada stew is otherwise known as ata dindin.[13]

Ingredients for making ofada stew are unripe habanero peppers (atarodo), unripe tatashe peppers or green bell peppers, locust bean seasoning (iru or ogiri), red palm oil, onions, crayfish, assorted meat and fish, beef, shaki (cow tripe), dry fish, and stock fish.[1][14][15][16][17][18]

Ofada sauce

Ayamase, also known as ofada sauce, is a stew made with palm oil similar to ofada stew except it is made from green ball peppers which give the soup a unique taste.[19][20][21][22]


  1. ^ a b c "Have you had a taste of Ofada rice?". Tribune Online. 2019-03-16. Retrieved 2022-04-07.
  2. ^ "Ofada rice originated from my domain – Olu of Igbein". Daily Trust. 2019-04-07. Retrieved 2022-06-01.
  3. ^ "Have you had a taste of Ofada rice?". Tribune Online. 2019-03-16. Retrieved 2022-06-01.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Gyimah-Brempong, K.; Johnson, M.; Takeshima, H. (2016). The Nigerian Rice Economy: Policy Options for Transforming Production, Marketing, and Trade. University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 30–31. ISBN 978-0-8122-9375-3.
  5. ^ Udevi, Obiamaka Angela (2019-03-18). "Origin of Nigerian Foods: Ofada Rice • Connect Nigeria". Connect Nigeria. Retrieved 2022-04-07.
  6. ^ a b c PrOpCom Making Nigerian Agricultural Markets Work for the Poor Monograph Series # 26 DEFINITION OF OFADA RICE QUALITIES THROUGH VARIETAL IDENTIFICATION AND TESTING By National Cereals Research Institute (NCRI) Badeggi P.M.B. 8, Bida, Niger State, Nigeria (J. C. Anounye, N. Danbaba, A.S. Gana and M. E. Abo) And Africa Rice Centre, (WARDA), c/o International Institute of Tropical Agriculture. PMB 5320, Oyo Road, Ibadan, Nigeria (G. Gregorio, O.A. Oladimeji, B. Athanson, O. Ajayi, and F.E. Nwilene ) August, 2007 [1]
  7. ^ "Ignorance about Ofada Rice". The Sparklight News. 2020-11-07. Retrieved 2022-06-01.
  8. ^ "Indigenous rice". ResearchGate.
  9. ^ "How to clean ofada rice Archives". Sisi Jemimah. Retrieved 2022-06-01.
  10. ^ Ogunleke, A. O.; Baiyegunhi, Lloyd J. S. (2019). "Effect of households' dietary knowledge on local (ofada) rice consumption in southwest Nigeria". Journal of Ethnic Foods. 6 (1). doi:10.1186/s42779-019-0023-5. ISSN 2352-6181. S2CID 209452799.
  11. ^ admin (2021-08-22). "How To Cook Ofada Rice | Ofada Rice Recipe". The Online Cook. Retrieved 2022-06-01.
  12. ^ "How to Cook Brown or Ofada Rice Perfectly". 9jafoodie | Nigerian Food Recipes. 2015-11-23. Retrieved 2022-06-01.
  13. ^ "Obe Ata Dindin - Ofada Sauce". Sisi Jemimah. 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2022-06-05.
  14. ^ O, Lois (2018-05-23). "How to Make Ofada Stew (Nigerian Ofada Sauce Recipe)". Yummy Medley. Retrieved 2022-06-01.
  15. ^ "Ofada Stew Recipe (How To Make Ofada Stew)". My Active Kitchen. 2020-01-09. Retrieved 2022-06-01.
  16. ^ says, Green Bell Peppers Stew-My Diaspora Kitchen (2019-06-06). "The Real Ofada Stew Recipe". My Diaspora Kitchen. Retrieved 2022-06-01.
  17. ^ "Ofada Stew (Ayamase Stew)". Low Carb Africa. 2020-06-16. Retrieved 2022-06-01.
  18. ^ "How to pepare Ayamase stew (ofada stew)". Chef Lola's Kitchen. 2016-08-05. Retrieved 2022-06-01.
  19. ^ "How to Make Ayamase (Ofada Stew/Sauce)". 9jafoodie | Nigerian Food Recipes. 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2022-06-05.
  20. ^ "Ayamase - Ofada Stew". Sisi Jemimah. 2015-08-04. Retrieved 2022-06-05.
  21. ^ "Ayamase Stew - African Food Network". 2019-05-15. Retrieved 2022-06-05.
  22. ^ "How to pepare Ayamase stew (ofada stew)". Chef Lola's Kitchen. 2016-08-05. Retrieved 2022-07-23.

Further reading