Bread has been a staple food in Switzerland for millennia, probably since the dawn of agriculture, the Swiss Plateau being the main cereal region of the country.
Nowadays, bread is consumed by all Swiss and accompanies practically every meal, therefore it makes an integral part of Swiss cuisine. There are several hundreds of different Swiss breads, owing to the diversity of culture and traditions found in the country.
This list includes both national, regional and sweet breads.
Le ricerche storico-sociali hanno individuato modelli di alimentazione differenziati, strettamente legati allo sviluppo delle zone agrarie tra la fine del ME e l'inizio dell'epoca moderna. Nella cosiddetta "terra dei pastori", sul versante settentrionale delle Alpi, dominavano latticini, formaggi, noci, bacche, funghi, ortaggi e frutta; nell'Altopiano (cosiddetta "fascia cerealicola") puree, zuppe, pane, legumi, verdura, eventualmente integrati con vino.[Historical-social research has identified differentiated feeding patterns, closely linked to the development of agricultural areas between the end of the medieval period and the beginning of the modern era. In the so-called "land of the shepherds", on the northern side of the Alps, dairy products, cheeses, nuts, berries, mushrooms, vegetables and fruit dominated; in the Plateau (so-called "cereal band") purées, soups, bread, legumes, vegetables, possibly supplemented with wine.]
Le pain est un aliment consommé par quasiment tous les Suisses et il accompagne pratiquement tous les repas. [...] La Suisse recense 200 sortes de pain différentes, auxquelles s'ajoutent de nombreuses variétés de petits pains et croissants. [...] Monsieur et Madame Schweizer aiment le pain. 98% des personnes interrogées ont déclaré consommer du pain. Et le pain classique est ici en tête de liste. C'est le plus consommé mais aussi le plus souvent servi avec les repas quotidiens. Puis, vient la tresse, un produit typiquement suisse, suivie de près par le croissant et le petit pain, tel que le petit pain blanc, le petit pain au lait ou le ballon.[Bread is a food consumed by almost all Swiss people and it accompanies almost all meals. [...] Switzerland lists 200 different kinds of bread, to which are added many varieties of bread rolls and croissants. [...] Mr. and Mrs. Schweizer love bread. 98% of those questioned declared that they consumed bread. And the classic bread is at the top of the list here. It is the most consumed but also the most often served with daily meals. Then comes the Zopf, a typical Swiss product, closely followed by the croissant and the small bread, such as the white roll, the milk roll or the balloon.]