A candy shop in Buenos Aires, Argentina
A candy shop in Buenos Aires, Argentina
Candy in Damascus, Syria
Candy in Damascus, Syria
Bulk candies
Bulk candies
Various candies from Austria, Denmark, France and Sweden.
Various candies from Austria, Denmark, France and Sweden.

Candy, known also as sweets and confectionery, has a long history as a familiar food treat that is available in many varieties. Candy varieties are influenced by the size of the sugar crystals, aeration, sugar concentrations, colour and the types of sugar used.[1]

Simple sugar or sucrose is turned into candy by dissolving it in water, concentrating this solution through cooking and allowing the mass either to form a mutable solid or to recrystallize.[1] Maple sugar candy has been made in this way for thousands of years, with concentration taking place from both freezing and heating.[2]

Other sugars, sugar substitutes, and corn syrup are also used. Jelly candies, such as gumdrops and gummies, use stabilizers including starch, pectin or gelatin.[1] Another type of candy is cotton candy, which is made from spun sugar.

In their Thanksgiving Address, Native peoples of the Haudenosaunee Confederacy give special thanks to the Sugar Maple tree as the leader of all trees "to recognize its gift of sugar when the People need it most".[2] In traditional times, maple sugar candy reduced from sap was an important food source in the lean times of winter in North America.

Africa

South Africa

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Astros Cadbury - A candy coated chocolate with a biscuit center. The product was first launched in 1997 in the United Kingdom, Canada, the United States and in South Africa as a rival to Nestlé Smarties, and M&M's in the US.[3] In Australia they were marketed as Lunas.
Massam's - The maker of a nougat candy from South Africa. Varieties include honey almond, almond cherry, and honey cashew. The candies are exported to various countries.

Asia

Bangladesh

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Tiler Khaja
তিলের খাজা.jpg
A Bangladeshi sweet candy made from sesame seeds.

China

Chinese candies and sweets, called táng ()[4] are usually made with cane sugar, malt sugar, and honey.

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Deuk Deuk Tong - Also known as "Ding Ding Tong", it is a hard maltose candy with sesame and ginger flavours.
Dragon's beard candy
Dragons beard candy.JPG
Also known as "Chinese cotton candy," it is a handmade traditional art of Ancient China and also a traditional Chinese sweet similar to spun sugar, which can be found in many Chinese communities. The legend of Dragon's Beard Candy was first notably practiced during the Chinese Han Dynasty.[5]
Orange jelly candy
HKorangejellycandy.jpg
These finger-sized sticks of soft jelly candy are generally sold in food specialty stores in Hong Kong. A great deal of candies available in Hong Kong are imported from Europe, mainland China, United States and other regions around the world. Orange jelly candy is one of the few that have historically been manufactured locally in Hong Kong.
Peen tong
Peen tong - 01.jpg
Chinese brown sugar candy.
White Rabbit Creamy Candy Shanghai Guan Sheng Yuan Food, Ltd.
Tin of White Rabbit Sweets.jpg
This has a soft, chewy texture, and is formed into cylinders approximately 3 cm long and 1 cm in diameter, similar to contemporary western nougat or taffy. Each candy is wrapped in a printed waxed paper wrapper, but within this, the sticky candies are again wrapped in a thin edible paper-like wrapping made from sticky rice.[6] Although the rice wrapping layer is meant to be eaten along with the rest of the candy, it does not figure in the list of ingredients, which is limited to corn starch, syrup, cane sugar, butter, and milk. This also comes in a variety of flavors.
Zaotang
Zaotang.jpg
This type of candy is made of maltose that people in China use as a sacrifice to the kitchen god around the twenty third day of the twelfth lunar month just before Chinese New Year.
Haw flakes
Hawflakes.jpg
It is a sweet, tangy, disc shaped candy made from hawthorn fruit, packaged in a cylindrical paper wrapper.

Japan

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Botan Rice Candy JFC International - These chewy rice candies are wrapped in a thin layer of edible rice paper that dissolves in the mouth. A children's sticker is included in every box.
Hi-Chew Morinaga & Company This fruit-flavored chewy candy was first released in 1975. It was re-released in its current shape (a stick of several individually wrapped candies) in February 1986. Hi-Chew candies are individually wrapped in logo-stamped foil or plain white wax paper (depending on the localization).
Konpeitō
Kompeito konpeito.JPG
This sugar candy was introduced by the Portuguese in the 16th century, and is a small toffee sphere (5 mm in diameter) with a pimply surface, made from sugar, water, and flour, in a variety of colors. Originally there was a sesame seed in the middle, later a poppy seed, but nowadays no seed at all. The name "konpeito" comes from the Portuguese word "confeito", meaning "confit" (a type of confectionery).
Meiji Meiji Seika
Meiji milk chocolate.jpg
Meiji chocolates flavors include cheese, black pepper, jasmine, basil, and lemon salt.[7]
Pocky Ezaki Glico
Pocky-Sticks.jpg
This biscuit stick coated with chocolate is also available in a wide variety of other flavors.
Pucca Chocolate Meiji Seika This baked pretzel candy with a chocolate cream center is also available in strawberry and milk flavors.
Puccho UHA Mikakutō Co. Ltd.
Puccho-MelonCider.jpg
Gummi Puccho squares have a unique consistency similar to a combination of gummy bears and taffy. They often contain gummy "balls" of flavor that are more chewy than the rest of the square. There are also "fizz" balls that mimic the carbonation of their soda derivatives.

Korea

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Dalgona or ppopgi
Dalgona.jpg
A Korean sweet candy made from melted sugar and baking soda.

Philippines

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Balikutsa
Balicucha sweetener.jpg
A sugarcane-based pulled sugar candy from the Ilocos region often used a sweetener for coffee.[8]
Choc Nut Unisman and later, Annie's Sweets Manufacturing and Packaging Corporation
Chocnut 01.jpg
A chocolate product that originated in the Philippines and has endured as one of the country's most consumed children's snacks. Called Choc Nut because it is a mixture of powdered peanuts and chocolate.
Flat Tops Ricoa Philippines
Jar of Flat Tops.png
A milk chocolate in a circular shape wrapped individually in metallic wrappers.[9]
Hany Annie Candy Manufacturing
Jar of Hany Milk Chocolates.png
Hany milk chocolate is a chocolate mixed with peanuts. It is similar to Choc Nut.[10]
Haw Haw Milk Candy New Soonly Food Products inc.
Jar of Haw Haw Candies.png
A rectangular milk powder candy usually sold at many sari-sari stores.[11][12]
Judge Rebisco
Jar of Judge Chewing Gum.png
Judge is a chewing gum usually spearmint flavor, there are other flavors such as cherry.[13]
Nata de coco
Nata de coco.JPG
This chewy, translucent, jelly-like foodstuff is produced by the fermentation of coconut water, which gels through the production of microbial cellulose by Acetobacter xylinum. Originating in the Philippines, nata de coco is most commonly sweetened as a candy or dessert, and can accompany many things including pickles, drinks, ice cream, puddings and fruit mixes.
Potchi Columbia International Food Products
Jar full of Potchi.png
This gummy has a strawberry pink top and white base, it is covered with crystallized sugar to give it more flavor. It's flavor usually is strawberry cream, although it also has a chocolate covered variant.[14]

Europe

Typically, European candies are toffees, nougats and rock candies.

Austria

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Pez
PEZ-Candies.jpg
Invented in 1927 in Vienna. Comes in candy refill packs for Pez canisters that comes in a wide variety of famous cartoon characters.

Belgium

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Cuberdon Confiserie Geldhof, Eeklo
Cuberdon, België.jpg
This cone-shaped candy with a melty core and a crisp crust is traditionally flavored with raspberry.
Vanparys Vanparys
Vanparys sweets - Original collection 01.png
Vanparys manufactures a type of chocolate dragée: a Belgian dark chocolate, coated with thin layers of sugar, and made in 50 colors in three finishes: matte, glossy, or pearlescent.

Bulgaria

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Lokum
Lokum (Brussels).jpg
Plain or spiced Turkish delight with rose petals, white walnuts, or "endreshe".

Denmark

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Dracula Piller Scan Choco A/S
Dracula Piller Mix.jpg
Disc-shaped hard salty liquorice candies.
Kongen af Danmark
Kongen af Danmark.jpg
Red aniseed-flavoured hard candies containing beetroot juice.
Spunk
Spunk winegummy.jpg
Small pastilles with fruit and salty liquorice flavours.

Finland

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Salmiakki
Swedish salty liquorice.jpg
Salty liquorice, is a variety of liquorice flavoured with ammonium chloride, common in the Nordic countries, the Netherlands, and northern Germany.
Geisha Fazer
Fazer Geisha.jpg
Fazer Geisha is soft milk chocolate contains hazelnut nougat filling.
Dumle
Dumle.jpg
Fazer Dumle is milk chocolate that contains toffee inside it.
Marianne
Marianne karkki.jpg
Fazer Marianne has a hard cover and a chocolate heart inside it.
Turkish Peber
Turkinpippuri Hot & Sour.jpg
Fazer Tyrkisk Peber has a hard and thick cover and contains salmiakki powder.
London drops
London drops.jpg
Pastel-coloured liquorice drops with a hard, sugary aniseed-flavoured coating.
Pirate coins
Fazer Merkkari Mix.jpg
Coin-shaped salty liquorice and fruit flavoured candies with pirate-inspired images.
Finlandia
Fazer - Finlandia marmelade.png
Spherical fruit-flavoured marmalade candies.
Vihreät kuulat
Green balls.jpg
Spherical pear-flavoured marmalade candies.
Kiss-Kiss Oblong pink toffee-filled candies.
Hopeatoffee Cloetta
Hopeatoffee.jpg
Chewy toffee candy bar with a salty liquorice flavour.
Aakkoset
Sirkusaakkoset2019.jpg
Lozenge-shaped soft, chewy candies in various flavours decorated with capital letters.
Mynthon
Mynthon askeja.jpg
Small disc-shaped hard breath mint pastilles.
Manalan makeiset Poppamies
Manalan makeiset.jpg
Hard fruit-flavoured candies containing strong chili extract.
Sisu Leaf International
Sisu pastils 04 2015.png
Small black chewy, liquorice-flavoured breath mints made with gum arabic.

France

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Anis de Flavigny
Bergamote de Nancy Lefèvre-Denise
Bergamotes de Nancy IGP.JPG
Shiny, small candy squares made from sugar and bergamot essential oil.
Berlingot
Bêtise de Cambrai
Bêtises de Cambrai.jpg
Cachou Lajaunie Mondelēz International
CACHOU Lajaunie Toulouse.jpg
Hard licorice candies with mint extract.
Calisson
Calisson.jpg
This traditional French candy consists of a smooth, pale yellow, homogeneous paste of candied fruit (especially melons and oranges) and ground almonds topped with a thin layer of royal icing. The calisson is believed to have its origins in medieval Italy.
Carambar Delespaul-Havez company
Carambar Caramel.jpg
A chewy caramel candy. In 1972, the name changed to "Super Caram'bar". In 1977, the name lost its apostrophe.
Caramel mou au beurre salé
Chocolate truffle Various
Truffles with nuts and chocolate dusting in detail.jpg
The chocolate truffle is thought to have been first created by N. Petruccelli in Chambéry, France in December 1895.[15] They are traditionally made with a chocolate ganache centre coated in chocolate, icing sugar, cocoa powder or chopped toasted nuts (typically hazelnuts, almonds or coconut), usually in a spherical, conical, or curved shape.
Cocon de Lyon
Coucougnette Maison Francis Miot Confection made with almonds, marzipan, and chocolate.
Hollywood Mondelez International The first French chewing gum, it was created in 1952. The French were introduced to chewing gum for the first time by the American troops stationed there in 1944. In 1958, the gum's main advertising focus was that of the American Dream. While Hollywood now offers a variety of different flavors, the very first flavor was spearmint.[16]
Macaron
Macaron, Hungary, May 2010.jpg
A sweet meringue-based cookie sandwich, with ganache, jam, or buttercream, between two halves. Traditionally believed to have been introduced to France by the Italian chef of queen Catherine De Medici during the Renaissance period.
Marron glacé
Marrons glacés.jpg
A marron glacé (plural marrons glacés) is a confection, originating in southern France and northern Italy consisting of a chestnut candied in sugar syrup and glazed. Marrons glacés are an ingredient in many desserts and are also eaten on their own.
Niniche de Quiberon
Nougat de Montélimar
Nougat de Montélimar - 20090704.jpg
Pâte de fruits
Pâtes de fruits d
Vichy Pastilles Eurazeo
Vichy Pastilles.jpg
a French confectionery produced in the town of Vichy, department of Allier, France. They were invented in 1825.
Violette de Toulouse Candiflor
BonbonsViolette.jpg

Georgia

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Churchkhela
Kakheti, Georgia — Churchkhela.jpg
Candle-shaped candy made of grape must, nuts and flour.

Germany

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Milka Mondelēz International
Nougat sweets.jpg
A milk chocolate candy that was first created in 1901. The candy's packaging is unique and includes its iconic lilac-colored cow, which helps tie the candy back to its Alpine heritage.[17]
Nappo WAWI chocolate AG A diamond-shaped, chocolate-covered nougat produced in Germany since 1925.
Maoam Haribo
MAOAM 제품.jpg
Rectangular fruit-flavoured chewy toffee candies.

Gummies

Gummies are gelatin based chewy candies that come in a variety of shapes, colors and flavors. The gummy bear originated in Germany, where it is popular under the name Gummibär (rubber bear) or Gummibärchen (little rubber bear). Hans Riegel Sr., a candy maker from Bonn, started the Haribo company in 1920.[citation needed]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Fraise Tagada Haribo, others
Fraise Tagada.jpg
Invented in 1969 by the Haribo Company, which invented the gummy bear. The Fraise Tagada is presented in the shape of an inflated strawberry covered in fine sugar, colored pink and scented. In France, the Fraise Tagada is one of the most widely sold candies (1 billion Fraises annually) and also one of the most imitated.
Gummi bears Various (Haribo, Trolli)
Gummy bears.jpg
Gelatin based, chewy, fruit flavored
Gummi worms Various (Trolli)
Gummi worms.jpg
Gelatin based, chewy, fruit flavored

Greece

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Akanes
Akanes.jpg
Akanes is a Greek sweet similar to loukoumi, only that it is flavoured with fresh butter from buffalo rather than fruit essences.

Hungary

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Túró Rudi
Rudi akt.jpg
A chocolate bar popular in Hungary since 1968. The bar is composed of a thin outer coating of chocolate and an inner filling of túró (curd). The "Rudi" in the product name comes from the Hungarian "rúd", which translates to rod or bar (and is also a nickname for the name Rudolf). Túró Rudi can be made in different flavors and sizes.
Sport szelet
Sportszelet1.jpg
A chocolate bar produced in Hungary in the 1950s. It has a dark chocolate coating and an inner filling of rum.
Negro Győri Keksz Kft.
Negro cukorka2.jpg
A Hungarian candy, its black color is derived from molasses, and menthol is used to add flavor. Its full recipe is an industrial secret.[18][19]
Szaloncukor

Szaloncukor2.jpg

Christmas candy made of fondant, covered by chocolate, and wrapped in shiny coloured foil

Italy

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Ferrero Rocher Ferrero SpA
Rocher-Layer-by-Layer.jpg
Spherical chocolate introduced in 1982 by the Italian chocolatier Michele Ferrero.
Jordan almonds
La-Pone-Jordan-Almonds.jpg
Almonds that are sugar panned in various pastel colors.[20] In Sulmona, Italy, the technique of creating the dragée almonds was perfected by the Pelino family.[21] Jordan Almonds are thought to originate from Ancient Greece, where honey-covered almonds were commonly eaten at festivities.
Raffaello Ferrero SpA
Raffaello - Ferrero.jpg
Spherical coconut-almond confection.

Netherlands

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Hopje Rademaker
Hopjes Rademaker NL001.JPG
Sweet made of coffee, caramel, cream and butter.
Mentos Perfetti Van Melle Scotch-mints

Poland

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Krówki
Wyborowa krowka belchatowska (edit) (cropped).jpg
Fudge, semi-soft milk toffee candies.
Miodek turecki
Miodek turecki by Maire.jpg
a candy traditionally sold in Kraków, Poland on the gates of cemeteries during All Saints' Day and All Souls' Day.[22]
Ptasie mleczko
Ptasie mleczko 2007 by RaBoe 02.jpg
Soft chocolate-covered candy filled with soft meringue or milk soufflé.
Prince Polo Kraft Jacobs Suchard
Prince-Polo-Dark-Split.jpg
Introduced in 1955, it is a candy of the Polish People's Republic. It is a chocolate-covered wafer, with four layers of wafer joined by three layers of chocolate-flavored filling.

Portugal

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Queijadinha Originating in Portugal, and common in Brazil. Traditionally prepared with grated coconut, cheese, sweetened condensed milk, sugar, butter and egg yolks.

Romania

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Kamasutra SC Pralin SRL at Cisnădie Chocolate shaped like kamasutra positions. The Kamasutra chocolate was invented in 2007 by Florin Balan.
Rahat
Rahat cu aroma de fructe.jpg
Fruit flavored Turkish delight

Russia

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Pastila
Kolomna pastila.jpg
A fruit-based candy produced in the town of Kolomna since the 14th century.[23]
Hematogen
Bars of Hematogen
A nutrition bar produced in the USSR and ex-USSR countries and having sugar, milk and bovine serum albumin as main ingredients.
Curd snack
Varskes surelis2.jpg
A snack made from milled and pressed curd cheese, glazed with chocolate or cream.

Spain

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Turrón
Turrón de Alicante (Casa Mira).jpg
Traditional Spaniard nougat. A well known type is Turrón de Jijona

Sweden

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Polkagris
Polkagris.jpg
White-and-red striped candy sticks with peppermint flavour.
Ahlgrens bilar Cloetta
Ahlgrens bilar.jpg
Car-shaped soft, foamy fruit-flavoured candies.
Läkerol
Läkerol Salmiak und Raspberry Lemongrass-6338.jpg
Soft sugarfree breath mints in various flavours.
Daim Marabou, Mondelez International
Daim-Bar-Split.jpg
A soft chocolate covered caramel sweet.
Swedish Fish Malaco, Mondelez International
53 105 Swedish Fish (149030403).jpeg
Fish-shaped chewy fruit and liquorice flavoured candies.
Lakrisal Malaco
Lakrisal tube with drops.JPG
Hard, brittle disc-shaped candies with a salty liquorice flavour.

Switzerland

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Ricola Ricola ltd
Ricola Bonbons.JPG
Cough drops and breath mints.
Toblerone Mondelez International
Toblerone 3362.jpg
Chocolate bar shaped as triangular prisms.

United Kingdom

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Aero
Aero-Bar-Split.jpg
Aero is an aerated chocolate bar originally produced by Rowntree's.
Aniseed twist
Aniseedtwist.JPG
Red or orange aniseed-flavoured boiled sweets.
Bounty
Bounty-Split.jpg
The chocolate bar consists of a coconut flavoured filling coated with milk or dark chocolate
Crunchie
Cadbury-Crunchie-Split.jpg
Crunchie is a brand of chocolate bar with a honeycomb toffee
Kit Kat Nestlé
Kit-Kat-Split.jpg
Chocolate-covered wafer bar confection created by Rowntree's of York.
Mars Mars
MBar 700.jpg
Mars is a British chocolate bar.
Maltesers
Maltesers-Pile-and-Split.jpg
Maltesers consist of a spheroid malted milk centre surrounded by milk chocolate.
Pink shrimps Barratt's A strawberry-flavoured, shrimp-shaped pink sweet, with a light foamy consistency.
Skittles
Skittles-Louisiana-2003.jpg
Skittles is a brand of fruit-flavored candy, coated in candy shells. First made commercially in 1974 by a British company.
Smarties
Smarties-UK-Candies.jpg
Similar to M&M's, Smarties are circular chocolate candies, coated in candy shells. First manufactured in 1947 by H.I. Rowntree & Company.
Starburst The Wrigley Company
Starburst-Candies.jpg
Square-shaped soft, chewy fruit-flavoured candies.
Wine gums
Bassetts winegums.jpg
Chewy, firm pastille-type sweets similar to gumdrops without the sugar coating

Scotland

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Tablet
Butter tablet.JPG
A medium-hard, sugary confection from Scotland. Tablet is usually made from sugar, condensed milk, and butter, boiled to a soft-ball stage and allowed to crystallize. It is often flavored with vanilla, and sometimes has nut pieces in it.[24]

Former Yugoslavia and Albania

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Rahat-lokum Rose and walnut Turkish delight.

Middle East

Turkish delight and rock candy are commonly found in Middle East.

Iran

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Rock candy Various
Kandiszucker weiß.jpg
Candied sugar has its origins in Iran. It is a type of confectionery made of a crystallized supersaturated solution of water and sugar.

Israel

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Hanukkah gelt Carmit, Strauss,
Steenland Chocolate[25]
Chocolate-Gold-Coins.jpg
The term "Hanukkah gelt" refers to both money and chocolate coins given to Jewish children on the festival of Hanukkah.
Klik Unilever Chocolate-covered corn flakes and malted milk balls
Pesek Zman Strauss
Elite-Pesek-Zman-Split.jpg
Manufactured in Israel

Turkey

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Pişmaniye
Pismaniye 1 (Piotr Kuczynski).jpg
Turkish cotton candy (and also Bosnian) is a sweet in fine strands made by blending flour roasted in butter into pulled sugar.

North America

Canada

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Cadbury Caramilk Cadbury Adams A caramel-filled chocolate bar that was first manufactured in 1968.
Coffee Crisp Nestlé
Coffee-Crisp-Split.jpg
A coffee-flavoured wafer candy bar covered in chocolate.
Maple taffy traditional
Maple toffee.JPG
Boiled maple syrup poured onto fresh snow, which hardens it, and rolled around a stick.

Mexico

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Saladitos De La Rosa Considered as a candy in Mexico, Saladitos are salted plums, which can also be sweetened with sugar and anise or coated in chili and lime. They originated in China.

United States

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Take 5 (candy) Hershey
Take-5-reeses-chocolate-candy-bar.png
Consists of Reese's peanut butter, peanuts, pretzel, caramel and chocolate.
Fudge Various Fudge is a type of confectionery which is made by mixing sugar, butter and milk.
Almond Joy Hershey
Almond-joy-broken.jpg
Consists of a coconut-based center topped with two almonds, the combination enrobed in a layer of milk chocolate.
Aplets & Cotlets Liberty Orchards A lokum-type confection baked with apples and apricots.
Ayds The Campana Company (original producer) Ayds was an appetite-suppressant candy which enjoyed strong sales in the 1970s and early 1980s. By the mid-1980s, public awareness of the disease AIDS caused problems for the brand due to the phonetic similarity of the names. While initially sales were not affected, by 1988 the chair of Dep Corporation announced that the company was seeking a new name because sales had dropped as much as 50% due to publicity about the disease.[26] While the product's name was changed to Diet Ayds (Aydslim in Britain), it was eventually withdrawn from the market.
Big Hunk Annabelle Candy Company
Big-Hunk-Bar.jpg
Bar of roasted peanuts covered in honey sweetened nougat.
Bit-O-Honey Nestlé
Bit-O-Honey-Bar.jpg
Introduced in 1924 and was made by the Schutter-Johnson Company. Acquired by the Nestlé Company in 1984
Candy Raisins Lake Country Candies A soft jujube candy popular in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States. The candy was produced from the 1930s until 2008, discontinued, then revived in 2014.
Good & Plenty Hershey
Good & Plenty licorice candy.JPG
Licorice candy first produced in 1893, and has been referred to as the oldest branded candy in the U.S.
Mounds Hershey
Candy-Mounds-Broken.jpg
Similar to Almond Joy, it consists of a coconut based center; however, it is enrobed with dark chocolate rather than milk chocolate and does not contain almonds.
Reese's Pieces Hershey
Reeses-pieces-loose.JPG
Peanut Butter candy, circular in shape and covered in candy shells that are colored yellow, orange, or brown.
U-No Bar Annabelle Candy Company
U-No-Split.jpg
Truffle type bar with almond bits, covered in chocolate and comes wrapped in a silver foil-like wrapper.
Jolly Rancher The Hershey Company
Jolly Ranchers.jpg
Fruit flavoured hard candy
Twizzlers Y&S Candies, Inc.
Twizzlers-Pile.jpg
A fruit flavored chewy candy
Opera cream A chocolate candy that is most popularly associated with Cincinnati, Ohio, though they are sold in other Ohio cities, as well as Kentucky.
Bridge Mix Various
BridgeMix.jpg
Bridge mix is a mixture of dark and milk chocolate-covered nuts and candies.

South America

Panelas, cocadas and natillas are common sweets in South and Central America.

Argentina

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Mantecol Cadbury
Mantecol.jpg
Peanut butter nougat bar
Palitos de la selva Cadbury "Jungle stickies", A taffie stick divided along in two flavors and two colors. Envelopes show information on various animals in its printing.

Brazil

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Garoto Garoto
Garoto Surreal.JPG
Assorted chocolates from Brazil
Mariola DaColonia, between others. Small flat blocks made of banana meat
Pé-de-moleque
Pe de moleque.jpg
Rapadura, Molasses and peanuts.
Paçoca
Paçoca.jpg
Candy made out of ground peanuts, sugar and salt
Trident Cadbury A well-known candy and gum brand in Brazil

Colombia

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Chancacas Traditional Colombian coconut candy
Supercoco Coconut candy

Peru

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Chocopunch Compañía Nacional de Chocolates de Perú S.A. Cream confection with three flavors (chocolate, hazelnut, and toffee) combined in one 15 gram container.
King Kong milk candy
Peru KingKongSanRoque.jpg
Made of milk cookies, filled with Peruvian blancmange, some pineapple sweet and in some cases peanuts, with cookies within its layers. weights are one-half and one kilogram sizes.
Teja Manjar blanco coated in fondant.

Uruguay

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Candel Astra Penino & Corona
Candel 1.jpg
Pink colored taffy with fantasy flavor and a crunchy consistence that becomes chewy when moist.
Garrapiñada Sugar confited peanuts sold on the street. Vendors use to tightly package it in elongated cellophane bags.
Zabala Dulce de leche candies made in Uruguay

Oceania

Australia

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Jaffas
Jaffas.jpg
Small round sweet consisting of a soft chocolate centre with a hard covering of orange flavoured, red coloured confectionery.
Musk stick
Musk sticks 01.jpg
Semi-soft sticks of fondant (usually pink) with a floral aroma.

New Zealand

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Chocolate fish
Twochocolatefish.JPG
Pink or white marshmallow covered in a thin layer of milk chocolate.
Pineapple Lumps
Pascall Pineapple Lumps.JPG
Flavoured chocolate covered confectionery with a soft, chewy pineapple-flavoured middle.

Western candies

The following are candies in the Western world.

Gum

Main articles: List of chewing gum brands, Chewing gum, and Bubblegum

Chewing gum is often referred to as a type of candy.

Chocolate

Chocolate is made from the fermented, roasted and ground beans of the tropical cacao tree. In America, cocoa refers to ground cacao beans. Chocolate is the combination of cocoa, cocoa butter, sugar and other ingredients (milk, flavorings, and emulsifiers) and they are sweet.

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Take 5 (candy) Hershey
Take-5-reeses-chocolate-candy-bar.png
Consists of Reese's peanut butter, peanuts, pretzel, caramel, and chocolate.
Cadbury Cadbury
Cadbury-Fudge.jpg
A British confectionery company owned by Mondelēz International Inc. and is the industry's second-largest globally after Mars, Incorporated.[27] With its headquarters in Uxbridge, London, England, the company operates in more than 50 countries worldwide.
Dark chocolate
Schokolade-schwarz.jpg
Produced by adding fat and sugar to cocoa, it is chocolate with no or much less milk compared to milk chocolate. The U.S. has no official definition for dark chocolate but European rules specify a minimum of 35% cocoa solids.[28]
Hershey Bar Hershey
Hershey-bar-open.JPG
The Hershey Milk Chocolate Bar was first sold in 1900 with the Hershey's Milk Chocolate with Almonds variety beginning produced in 1908. A circular version of the milk chocolate bar called Hershey's Drops was released in 2010.
Hershey's Kisses Hershey
Hershey
Bite-sized pieces of chocolate with a distinctive shape, they are wrapped in squares of lightweight aluminum foil with a narrow strip of paper protruding from the top.
Jersey Milk Milk chocolate bar
Kit Kat U.S.-Hershey, UK-Nestlé
Kit-Kat-Split.jpg
Chocolate-covered wafer biscuit bar confection
Lindt Lindt
Chocolates bokeh.jpg
Maltesers Mars, Inc.
Maltesers-Pile-and-Split.jpg
Milk Duds Hershey
Milk Duds.jpg
A caramel candy, historically enrobed with milk chocolate and currently enrobed with a confectionery coating made from cocoa and vegetable oil.
Milky Way Mars, Inc.
Milky-Way-Bars-USUK-Split.jpg
Pictured are a larger American (left) and a smaller European (right) Milky Way bar
Peppermint bark
Peppermint Bark (3197351955).jpg
A chocolate confection that consists of peppermint candy pieces, such as candy canes, in white chocolate on top of dark chocolate, but peppermint bark can refer to any chocolate with peppermint candy pieces in it.
Reese's Peanut Butter Cup Hershey
Reeses-PB-Cups-Size-Trio.jpg
Peanut butter covered in milk chocolate
Rolo U.S.-Hershey, UK-Nestlé
Rolo-Candies-US.jpg
Chocolate-coated caramels
Snickers Mars, Inc.
Snickers-broken.JPG
Peanuts and caramel covered in milk chocolate
Twix Mars, Inc.
Twix-broken.jpg
Caramel and cookie covered in milk chocolate
Whoppers Hershey
Whoppers.jpg
Chocolate-covered malted milk balls

Classic candies

Many of these candies were developed between the 1880s and 1950 by various candy-makers.[29]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Abba-Zaba Annabelle Candy Company
Abba-Zaba-Split.jpg
Taffy candy bars with peanut butter centers; originally manufactured by the Cardinet Candy Co. along with U-No Bar
Almond Roca Brown and Haley
Almond Roca.JPG
Buttercrunch toffee
Brittle Various
Golden peanut brittle cracked on a serving dish.jpg
A type of confection, consisting of flat broken pieces of hard sugar candy embedded with nuts such as pecans, almonds, or peanuts.[30]
Caramac Nestlé
Caramac bar (cropped).jpg
Colored pale yellow, the bar is made using sweetened condensed milk, butter and various artificial flavorings, as well as sugar.[31] It is packaged in a red and yellow wrapper.
Cotton candy Various
Hlhb hennebont 01-7.jpg
A candy treat made prepared by spinning sugar. Also referred to as candy floss.
Gumdrop Various
Glowing gumdrops.jpg
Usually brightly colored gelatin- or pectin-based pieces, shaped like a truncated cone and coated in granulated sugar. Outside of the U.S. they are known as American hard gums.
Jelly Tots Rowntree's
Jelly tots.jpg
Launched in 1967, Jelly Tots are round, sugar-coated gumdrop-like confections about 7mm in diameter, and are advertised as containing 25% fruit juices and no artificial colors or flavors. According to the packaging, Jelly Tots are suitable for vegetarians or vegans as they contain no gelatin or animal-based ingredients.
M&M's Mars, Inc., Various
Plain-M&Ms-Pile.jpg
Manufactured in various different colors, with ingredients such as peanuts, chocolate and pretzel, encased in hard candy. Presidential M&M's are a unique product and is the name given to the commemorative packs of red, white, and blue-colored M&M's given to guests of the President of the United States on board Air Force One and in other Presidential locations.
Mallo Cups Boyer Brothers
Mallo-Cup-Split.jpg
Using cupcake papers, the Mallo Cup became was the first cup candy by the company founded in 1936 in the USA. Peanut Butter Cup and Smoothie were later added
Mary Jane Necco
Candy-Mary-Jane.jpg
Butter-flavored taffy-type candy with peanut butter in the center
Peach Blossoms Necco
PeachBlossom.png
Peanut butter wrapped in crunchy shell. Peach colored, but not peach flavored.
Rocky Road Candy Annabelle Candy Company Candy which combines chocolate, marshmallow and nuts (usually almonds or English walnuts).
Salt water taffy Various
Salt water taffy.jpg
A variety of soft taffy originally produced and marketed in the Atlantic City, New Jersey, area beginning in the late 19th century.
Skittles Wrigley Company
Skittles-Louisiana-2003.jpg
Skittles have hard sugar shells which carry the letter S. The inside is mainly sugar, corn syrup, and hydrogenated palm kernel oil along with fruit juice, citric acid, and natural and artificial flavours.[32] The confectionery has been sold in a variety of flavors.
Sky Bar Necco
Sky-Bar-Split.jpg
Four sections with four fillings: caramel, vanilla, peanut and fudge covered in milk chocolate. American candy bar produced since 1938 by NECCO
Toffee Various
Thorntonstoffee.jpg
A confection made by caramelizing sugar or molasses (creating inverted sugar) along with butter, and occasionally flour.
Tootsie Roll Tootsie Roll Industries
Tootsie-Roll-WU.jpg
Chewy chocolate candy.

Hard candy

Main article: Hard candy

Hard candies, or boiled sweets, are sugary candies that dissolve slowly in the mouth. Among the artisanal hard candies, the "pirulin", also known as the "Heng Jia" or "Heng Li" in Northern China, is a famous one in several Spanish-speaking countries, like Argentina, Mexico and Chile and its popularity has spread to certain parts of Greater Asia. There are many local and regional varieties, including the hazelnut-filled Mässmogge of Basel, Switzerland.

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Butterscotch Various
Butterscotch-Candies.jpg
A type of confectionery whose primary ingredients are brown sugar and butter, although other ingredients such as corn syrup, cream, vanilla, and salt are part of some recipes.
Candy Buttons Necco Yamunna
Candy Buttons.jpg
Small rounded pegs of candy that are attached to a strip of paper. Originally introduced by the Pippymat company.
Candy canes various
Candy-Cane-Classic.jpg
Traditional Christmas treat, peppermint flavored. Cane shape allows them to be hung on a Christmas tree. Usually white with red streaks.
Gobstoppers / Jawbreakers The Willy Wonka Candy Company (Nestlé)
Jawbreaker plate.jpg
Layers of color, sold in traditional sweet shops for at least a century. Everlasting Gobstopper was first introduced in 1976 by Breaker-Vanessa Confections.
Horehound candy Bittersweet hard candies made with sugar and an extract of Marrubium vulgare, or white horehound, a flowering plant which is a member of the mint family
Jolly Rancher Jolly Rancher Company
Jolly Ranchers.jpg
A hard and tart candy.
Life Savers Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company
Lifesaves fruit-candies.JPG
Ring-shaped mints and artificially fruit-flavored hard candy.
Love Hearts or Shannens Swizzels Matlow
Lovehearts.jpg
Hard, fizzy, tablet-shaped sweets in a variety of fruit flavours featuring a short, love related message on one side of the sweet.
PEZ PEZ
PEZ Candy Pieces.jpg
Small rectangles made of candy that are put in PEZ dispensers. There are a wide variety of flavors.
Ribbon candy Various
PeppermintRibbonCandy.jpg
Ribbon candy is a type of hard candy which in North America most often appears for sale around the Christmas holiday season.
Rock various
Brighton Rock (6950629923).jpg
Traditional British stick sweet with lettering throughout spelling out the candy's point of purchase, often a holiday resort.
Stick candy various
Candysticksphoto.jpg
Like a large straight candy cane, they are sold by the piece and come in a wide variety of colors and flavors. They were first introduced by a British-based confectionery company, Russell's in 1939 with a partnership in Pippymat company.
Sweethearts Necco
Necco-Candy-SweetHearts.jpg
Small heart-shaped candies, developed in 1902 by Pippymat company. Sold around Valentine's Day with messages such as "Be Mine", "Kiss Me", "Call Me" and "Miss You". They are often jasmine-flavored.

Liquorice

Licorice (liquorice) is a semi-soft candy that was originally flavored with a root extract of the Eurasian plant liquorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra), of the Fabaceae (legume) family.[33] As a candy, they are often black with licorice flavor or red and strawberry or cherry flavored.[34]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Red Vines American Licorice Company
Red Vines (1808642975).jpg
90 years old, popular in movie theaters[35][36]
Snaps American Licorice Company Pastel coating with liquorice center. Introduced in 1930s[37]
Trolli Trolli - Mederer GmbH
Trolli Sour Brite Crawlers gummi worms close up.jpg
Various soft liquorice gums.
Twizzlers The Hershey Company
Twizzlers-Pile.jpg
Fruit-flavored candy sticks

Lollipops

Lollipops or Lollies are hard candies on a stick. The name lollipop was first coined by George Smith, owner of a candy company called the Bradley Smith Company. George named the stick candy after his favorite race horse Lolly Pop and trademarked the name "lollipop" in 1931.[38]

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Chupa Chups Perfetti Van Melle
Giant Lollipop.JPG
Large range of flavours and varieties. Comes in solid candy pops, gum centers, surprise centers, etc.
Dum Dum Pop Spangler Candy Company
Dumdums.jpg
Large range of flavours.
Lollipop Various
Lollipops in shop display, September 2009.jpg
A type of confectionery consisting mainly of hardened, flavored sucrose with corn syrup mounted on a stick. Different informal terms are used in different places, including "lolly" and "sucker".
Sugar Daddy Tootsie Roll Industries
Candy-Sugar-Daddy-Unwrapped.jpg
Called "Papa" when invented in 1925 by the James O. Welch Company. Name changed to Sugar Daddy in 1932, (Sugar Babies introduced in 1935)

Sours

Sours are popular for their cringe inducing flavor and acidity.

Name Manufacturer Image Description
Brain Licker Key Enterprises[39] Sour candy
Sour Patch Kids Cadbury Adams
Sour-Patch-Kids.jpg
Sour fruit candy
Sour Punch American Licorice Company Sour candy
Toxic Waste Candy Dynamics Inc Sour candy
Warheads Impact Confections Sour fruit flavors

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Candy Product Sugar Confectionery". Archived from the original on September 26, 2008.
  2. ^ a b Kimmerer, Robin Wall. Braiding Sweetgrass. Milkweed Editions. pp. 109–111.
  3. ^ Independent, The (London), Aug 7, 1997 by Nigel Cope Archived 2008-10-13 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Chinese Desserts". Archived 2011-07-02 at the Wayback Machine Kaleidoscope - Cultural China Archived 2011-07-11 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed June 2011.
  5. ^ [1] Ng Yan Yan. URL accessed on April 14, 2009.
  6. ^ "Guan Sheng Yuan (Group) Company Limited". Archived from the original on 2008-09-14. Retrieved 2008-09-23.
  7. ^ "Meiji Seika Kaisha Ltd". Funding Universe. Retrieved March 18, 2012.
  8. ^ Dy-Zulueta, Dolly (8 October 2016). "The flavors of Ilocos Sur". BusinessMirror. Retrieved 26 February 2021.
  9. ^ "Top 10 Pinoy Chocolates". SPOT.PH.
  10. ^ "Hany Chocolate - Filipino Hany Milk Chocolate Candy". ABOUT FILIPINO FOOD. June 2, 2017.
  11. ^ "Haw Haw Milk Candy - Now Available in Chocolate Flavor!". ABOUT FILIPINO FOOD. December 22, 2016.
  12. ^ "Haw Haw Milk Candy". www.facebook.com.
  13. ^ "Judge".
  14. ^ "Filipino Candy: Potchi Gummi Candies! (Misspelling: Pochi)". ABOUT FILIPINO FOOD. January 11, 2020.
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-06-25. Retrieved 2013-04-19.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ "Hollywood". Cadbury Inc. Archived from the original on July 10, 2012. Retrieved March 18, 2012.
  17. ^ "Brands-M". Kraft Foods Inc. Archived from the original on September 26, 2011. Retrieved March 18, 2012.
  18. ^ "A torok rejtélyes kémény-seprője". Népszabadság (in Hungarian). 13 April 2005. Archived from the original on 2013-02-11. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
  19. ^ "Macskanyelvtől a pöttyösig". Szabad Föld (in Hungarian). 23 May 2009. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
  20. ^ E. B. Jackson, ed. (1999). Sugar Confectionery Manufacture (2nd ed.). Springer. p. 251. ISBN 978-0-8342-1297-8.
  21. ^ Chu, Anita. Field Guide to Candy: How to Identify and Make Virtually Every Candy Imaginable. Philadelphia: Quirk, 2009
  22. ^ "Miodek turecki". acia1065.blogspot.co.uk. 2011.
  23. ^ В. В. Похлёбкин, Кулинарный словарь, Центрполиграф, 2002 (William Pokhlyobkin, Culinary Dictionary, Centrpoligraf, 2002)
  24. ^ Bell, John Joy (1903). Wee Macgreegor. pp. 8–9. ISBN 9780559576188.
  25. ^ The gelt chronicles, Leah Koenig, The Forward, reprinted in Haaretz, November 12, 2009; Rabbi Deborah R. Prinz, "Christmas and Chocolate Melt Together" in Petits Propos Culinaires 89, January 2010.
  26. ^ "Diet Candy Seeking Name". The New York Times. March 4, 1988.
  27. ^ "Factbox: British confectioner Cadbury". Reuters. 14 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-09.
  28. ^ "Directive 2000/36/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 June 2000 relating to cocoa and chocolate products intended for human consumption". Eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 2011-12-05.
  29. ^ Candy News, Candy Crate in the News
  30. ^ Hopkins, Kate (2012). Sweet Tooth: The Bittersweet History of Candy. Macmillan. p. 34. ISBN 9781250011190. Retrieved April 11, 2013.
  31. ^ "Nestlé CARAMAC Riegel - Zutaten" (in German). Retrieved 2012-11-27.
  32. ^ "Skittles". Wrigley.com. Archived from the original on 2012-10-27. Retrieved 2012-10-31.
  33. ^ "Definition of licorice | Dictionary.com". www.dictionary.com.
  34. ^ "How licorice is made - material, manufacture, making, history, used, processing, composition, product, industry". www.madehow.com.
  35. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-11-04. Retrieved 2008-12-07.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  36. ^ Red Vines® Brand Licorice
  37. ^ Snaps® - American Licorice Archived 2013-06-22 at the Wayback Machine
  38. ^ Online Candy Gift Store. Buy Bulk Candy Online for Holiday Gifts, Weddings and Parties
  39. ^ Food Processing. Techpress (FPI) Limited. 2003.