Praline
Pralin (crushed praline)
TypeConfectionery
Place of originBelgium
Main ingredientsnuts, syrup
VariationsEuropean, American
American pralines cooling on a marble slab. Unlike European pralines, American pralines are made with cream.

Pralines (US: /ˈprln/; New Orleans, Cajun, and UK: /ˈprɑːln/) are confections containing nuts – usually almonds, pecans and hazelnuts – and sugar. Cream is a common third ingredient.

There are two main types:

A praline cookie is a chocolate biscuit containing ground nuts. Praline is usually used as a filling in chocolates or other sweets.

Varieties

European nut pralines

Praline may have originally been inspired in France by the cook of Marshal du Plessis-Praslin (1602–1675), with the word praline deriving from the name Praslin.[1] Early pralines were whole almonds individually coated in caramelized sugar, as opposed to dark nougat, where a sheet of caramelized sugar covers many nuts.[2] Although the New World had been discovered and settled by Europeans by this time, chocolate-producing cocoa from there was originally not associated with the term. The European chefs used local nuts such as almonds and hazelnuts.

The powder made by grinding up such caramel-coated nuts is called pralin, and is an ingredient in many cakes, pastries, and ice creams.[3] After this powder has been mixed with chocolate, it becomes praliné in French, which gave birth to what is known in French as chocolat praliné. The word praliné is used colloquially in France and Switzerland to refer to these various centres coated with chocolate, known simply as "chocolates" in English.[4] In mainland Europe, the word praline is often used to mean either this nut powder or the chocolate paste made from it, which is widely used to fill chocolates, hence its use in Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium to refer to filled chocolates in general.[5] In the United Kingdom, the term can refer either to praline (the filling for chocolates) or, less commonly, to the original whole-nut pralines.

American cream-based pralines

French settlers brought the recipe to Louisiana, where both sugar cane and pecan trees were plentiful. In 19th century New Orleans, people began substituting pecans for almonds, added cream to thicken the confection, and thus created what became known throughout the American South as the praline.

Pralines have a creamy consistency, similar to fudge. They are usually made by combining sugar (often brown), butter, cream or buttermilk, and pecans in a pot over medium-high heat, and stirring constantly until most of the water has evaporated and it has reached a thick texture with a brown color. This is then usually dropped by spoonfuls onto wax paper or a sheet of aluminum foil greased with butter, and left to cool.[2][6] [7]

"Pralines and Cream" is a common ice cream flavor in the United States and Canada. In New Orleans, Acadiana, and Baton Rouge, Louisiana, pralines are sometimes called "pecan candy".

Fresh fig ice cream with pistachio praline

See also

References

  1. ^ Olver, Lynne. "The Food Timeline: history notes-candy". The Food Timeline.
  2. ^ a b "The Creole Confection – New Orleans Pralines".
  3. ^ *Beck, Simone; Louisette Bertholle; Julia Child (2011). Mastering the Art of French Cooking. London: Particular Books. p. 619. ISBN 978-0-241-95339-6.
  4. ^ "You Say Praline, I Say Praline, and They Say Praliné". Archived from the original on December 8, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-19.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  5. ^ "Belgian Pralines". Archived from the original on 2012-03-06. Retrieved 2008-11-19.
  6. ^ "the definition of praline".
  7. ^ "New Orleans Pralines – vintage.recipes". vintage.recipes – Vintage Recipes. 2021-11-22. Retrieved 2022-09-05.