An assortment of desserts.
An assortment of desserts.
A chocolate-strawberry crumble ball.
Indian confectionery desserts (known as mithai, or sweets in some parts of India). Sugar and desserts have a long history in India: by about 500 BCE, people in India had developed the technology to produce sugar crystals. In the local language, these crystals were called khanda (खण्ड), which is the source of the word candy.[1]
Indian confectionery desserts (known as mithai, or sweets in some parts of India). Sugar and desserts have a long history in India: by about 500 BCE, people in India had developed the technology to produce sugar crystals. In the local language, these crystals were called khanda (खण्ड), which is the source of the word candy.[1]

A dessert is typically the sweet course that, after the entrée and main course, concludes a meal in the culture of many countries, particularly Western culture. The course usually consists of sweet foods, but may include other items. The word "dessert" originated from the French word desservir "to clear the table" and the negative of the Latin word servire.[2]

There are a wide variety of desserts in western cultures, including cakes, cookies, biscuits, gelatins, pastries, ice creams, pies, puddings, and candies. Fruit is also commonly found in dessert courses because of its natural sweetness. Many different cultures have their own variations of similar desserts around the world, such as in Russia, where many breakfast foods such as blini, oladyi, and syrniki can be served with honey and jam to make them popular as desserts.

By type

Brand name desserts

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Cakes

Main article: List of cakes

See also: Category:Sweet breads

Cake is a form of bread or bread-like food. In its modern forms, it is typically a sweet baked dessert. In its oldest forms, cakes were normally fried breads or cheesecakes, and normally had a disk shape. Modern cake, especially layer cakes, normally contain a combination of flour, sugar, eggs, and butter or oil, with some varieties also requiring liquid (typically milk or water) and leavening agents (such as yeast or baking powder).

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Confectionery and candies

Main article: List of candies

See also: List of confectionery brands, List of chocolate bar brands, and List of bean-to-bar chocolate manufacturers

Confectionery is related to the food items that are rich in sugar and often referred to as a confection. Candy is a confection made from a concentrated solution of sugar in water, to which flavorings and colorants may be added. Candies come in numerous colors and varieties and have a long history in popular culture.

cotton candy

Confectionery

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Cookies

Main article: List of cookies

In the United States and Canada a cookie is a small, flat, baked treat, usually containing flour, eggs, sugar, and either butter or cooking oil, and often including ingredients such as raisins, oats, or chocolate chips.

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Custards

Custard is a variety of culinary preparations based on a cooked mixture of milk or cream and egg yolk. Depending on how much egg or thickener is used, custard may vary in consistency from a thin pouring sauce (crème anglaise) to a thick pastry cream (crème pâtissière) used to fill éclairs. Most common custards are used as desserts or dessert sauces and typically include sugar and vanilla. Custard bases may also be used for quiches and other savory foods. Sometimes flour, corn starch, or gelatin is added as in pastry cream or crème pâtissière.

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Dessert sauces

Chocolate syrup on top of ice cream
Chocolate syrup on top of ice cream

Dessert sauces are used to add flavor and texture to desserts, and tend to be sweet.

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Italian cuisine

Doughnuts

Main article: List of doughnut varieties

See also: List of fried dough foods

A doughnut, or donut, is a type of fried dough confectionery or dessert food. The doughnut is popular in many countries and prepared in various forms as a sweet snack that can be homemade or purchased in bakeries, supermarkets, food stalls, and franchised specialty outlets.

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Frozen desserts

Frozen dessert is the generic name for desserts made by freezing liquids, semi-solids, and sometimes even solids.

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Ice cream

See also: Ice cream around the world, List of ice cream brands, and List of ice cream parlor chains

Ice cream is a frozen dessert usually made from dairy products, such as milk and cream and often combined with fruits or other ingredients and flavors. Ice cream became popular throughout the world in the second half of the 20th century after cheap refrigeration became common.

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Pastries

Main articles: List of pastries and List of poppy seed pastries and dishes

See also: Pastry chef

Pastry is the name given to various kinds of baked products made from ingredients such as flour, sugar, milk, butter, shortening, baking powder, and eggs.[3] Small tarts and other sweet baked products are called "pastries."

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An assortment of pastries and cakes in a pâtisserie
An assortment of pastries and cakes in a pâtisserie

Pastries with poppy seeds

Pies

Main article: List of pies, tarts and flans

See also: Category:Tarts

A pie is a baked dish which is usually made of a pastry dough casing that covers or completely contains a filling of various sweet or savoury ingredients.

Sweet pies

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Tarts

Tarte Tatin

A tart is a baked dish consisting of a filling over a pastry base with an open top not covered with pastry. The pastry is usually shortcrust pastry; the filling may be sweet or savory, though modern tarts are usually fruit-based, sometimes with custard.

Puddings

Main article: List of puddings

Pudding is usually a dessert, but it can also be a savory dish. In the United Kingdom and most Commonwealth countries, pudding can be used to describe both sweet and savory dishes. However, unless qualified, the term in everyday usage typically denotes a dessert. In the United States and Canada, pudding characteristically denotes a sweet milk-based dessert similar in consistency to egg-based custards, instant custards or a mousse.

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By country

See also: Category:Desserts by country

Algeria

Argentina

Main article: List of Argentine sweets and desserts

Argentine pionono with dulce de leche

Australia

Azerbaijan

Bangladesh

Main article: List of Bangladeshi sweets and desserts

See also: Bangladeshi cuisine – Desserts

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Chomchom, traditional Bengali sweet originated from Porabari, Tangail, Bangladesh.
Chomchom, traditional Bengali sweet originated from Porabari, Tangail, Bangladesh.

Brazil

Main article: List of Brazilian sweets and desserts

Canada

A pecan butter tart

Chile

China

Main articles: List of Chinese desserts and Chinese desserts

See also: Chinese bakery products

Czech Republic

Finland

France

Main article: List of French desserts

Germany

Main article: List of German desserts

Greece

Main article: List of Greek dishes § Desserts and sweets

See also: Greek cuisine § Desserts and sweets

Loukoumades

Hong Kong

Hungary

India

Main article: List of Indian sweets and desserts

See also: Indian cuisine – Desserts

Chhena Gaja from Pahala, Orissa, India

Indonesia

Main article: List of Indonesian desserts

Iran

Kolompeh from Kerman,Iran


Italy

Main article: List of Italian desserts

See also: List of Italian dishes § Desserts and pastry, and Sicilian cuisine § Desserts and sweets

Cassatas are popular and traditional Sicilian desserts.
Cassatas are popular and traditional Sicilian desserts.

Italian pastries

Japan

Main article: List of Japanese desserts and sweets

See also: List of Japanese dishes § Japanese-style sweets (wagashi, 和菓子); and Japanese cuisine § Sweets

Hakuto jelly is a seasonal Japanese dessert available in the summer.
Hakuto jelly is a seasonal Japanese dessert available in the summer.

Korea

Main article: List of Korean desserts

See also: Korean cuisine – Sweets

Luxembourg

Malaysia

Mexico

Netherlands

New Zealand

Afghan biscuits

Pakistan

Main article: List of Pakistani sweets and desserts

Peru

Philippines

Main article: List of Philippine desserts

Poland

Main article: List of Polish desserts

Filhos

Portugal

Romania

Romanian pastries

Russia

See also: List of Russian desserts

Russian kartoshka (potato) cake
Russian kartoshka (potato) cake

Slovenia

Kremna rezina

Spain

See also: List of Spanish desserts

Sri Lanka

Main article: List of Sri Lankan sweets and desserts

Switzerland

Swiss pastries

Syria

Taiwan

A plate of Bàobīng with strawberries and condensed milk
A plate of Bàobīng with strawberries and condensed milk

Thailand

Main article: List of Thai desserts

Turkey

Main article: List of Turkish desserts

Turkish pastries

Şekerpare

Ukraine

Syrnyky with jam
Syrnyky with jam

United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom

Main article: List of British desserts

Scotland

United States

Main article: List of American desserts

Uruguay

Vietnam

Bánh phu thê, wrapped in palm leaves
Bánh phu thê, wrapped in palm leaves

By region

Indian Subcontinent

Main article: Sweets from the Indian subcontinent

Sweets from the Indian subcontinent
Gulab jamun - Lavapies (Spain).JPG
Rasmalai Secretlondon 09.jpg
JalebiIndia.jpg
Gujhiya.jpg
Indian Sweets Vark.jpg
Khoya sweets with varaq
Bal mithai.jpg
Bal mithai
Almond Khoa based burfi Mumbai India.jpg
Khoa and almond mithais
India - Varanasi pastry shop - 2542.jpg
Bengal sweets in India
Royal sweets - Slough.jpg
Collection in UK
Chikki assortment.jpg
Sohan Halwa at Ghantewala in Chandni Chowk, Delhi.jpg
Sohan sweets in India
Indian sweet shop.jpg
Street sweets in India
A sample of sweets from the Indian subcontinent

Bengal

Latin America

Latin America is a highly diverse area with cuisines that vary from nation to nation. Desserts in Latin American cuisine include, rice pudding, tres leches cake, teja and flan.

Polynesia

Southern Africa

In Southern Africa, desserts may simply be fruit, but there are some western style puddings, such as the Angolan cocada amarela, which was inspired by Portuguese cuisine.

By time period

Middle Ages

See also

References

  1. ^ Elizabeth Abbot (2010). Sugar: A Bitterweet History. Penguin. ISBN 978-1-590-20297-5.
  2. ^ "Dessert". Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster Incorporated. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
  3. ^ "Pastry". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 3 January 2014.

Further reading