Shaved ice
Shavedice.jpg
Snow cone: shaved ice with flavored syrup
TypeFrozen dessert
Course
Main ingredients

Shaved ice is a large family of ice-based desserts made of fine shavings of ice or finely crushed ice and sweet condiments or syrups. Usually, the syrup is added after the ice has been frozen and shaved—typically at the point of sale; however, flavoring can also be added before freezing. The dessert is consumed worldwide in various forms and ways. Shaved ice can also be mixed with large quantities of liquid to produce shaved ice drinks.

Many shaved ices are confused with "Italian ice", which is derived from the similar Italian dessert known as "granita". However, Italian ice, also known as "water ice", often has the flavoring (fruit juice or other ingredients, like almond) incorporated into the sugared water before it is frozen. Shaved ice—especially highly commercial shaved ice (such as that found in food chains or from street vendors)—is often flavored after the ice has been frozen and shaved. Snow cones are an example of shaved ice that is flavored after production.

History

Syrups used for flavouring shaved ice
Syrups used for flavouring shaved ice

The first documented "shaved ice" dessert was made in 27 B.C.E. The Roman Emperor Nero sent slaves to collect snow from nearby mountains that he then flavored with a fruit and honey mixture.[1][citation needed]

In imperial Japan, the dessert was also a treat reserved for royalty, as it was made of natural ice formed during the coldest period of winter, which was stored in icehouses. This made it very rare, and a supreme luxury available only to Heian period nobles; ordinary people could not afford it.[2] Halo-halo is believed to be a Filipino indigenized version of the Japanese kakigori class of desserts, originating from prewar Japanese migrants into the Philippine islands. The earliest versions were composed only of cooked red beans or mung beans in crushed ice with sugar and milk, a dessert known locally as "mongo-ya". Over the years, more native ingredients were added, resulting in the development of the modern halo-halo.[3][4] Some authors specifically attribute the invention of halo-halo to the 1920s or 1930s Japanese migrants in the Quinta Market of Quiapo, Manila, due to its proximity to the now defunct Insular Ice Plant, which was the source of the city's ice supply.[5] As Japanese people immigrated to Hawaii, they brought this tradition with them. Like Rome and Japan, in Hawaii warm areas are close enough to snow-capped mountains that snow can be brought into the warm areas without melting.

Regions

Shave ice varieties can be found around the globe with Asia being a particularly popular region.[6]

Americas

In Latin America shaved ice desserts have influences from North American cultures, in many of these locations the Spanish name is either raspado, or its variations; raspa, raspao, raspadinha (raspar is Spanish for "scrape"; hence raspado means "scraped", referring to the ice, therefore also meaning shaved), or granizado, granizada, granizo (from granizo, meaning hail stone).

North America and the Caribbean

A machine used for shaving ice for shaved ice desserts.
A machine used for shaving ice for shaved ice desserts.
Artistic representation of a Piragua cart.
Artistic representation of a Piragua cart.
Granizado cart in Havana, Cuba
Granizado cart in Havana, Cuba

Central and South America

Churchill from Costa Rica made up of ice, syrup, condensed milk, powder milk, ice cream, tamarind, fruits, sponge cake filling.
Churchill from Costa Rica made up of ice, syrup, condensed milk, powder milk, ice cream, tamarind, fruits, sponge cake filling.

Asia

East and Southeast Asia

A rusty Swan Hand Crank Block Ice Shaver, kept in a storage room in Cambodia.
A rusty Swan Hand Crank Block Ice Shaver, kept in a storage room in Cambodia.

In East Asia, shaved ice desserts are not only flavoured with various types of syrup. It is also common to add solid ingredients such as red bean paste, jellies, canned fruits, jams, sweetened condensed milk, and many other types of sweetened foods to vary the textures of the ice dessert.

South Asia

Shaved ice Gola with milk cream, mawa and syrups, India.
Shaved ice Gola with milk cream, mawa and syrups, India.

In South Asia, snow cones are enjoyed as a low-cost summer treat, often shaved by hand.

Middle East

This section needs expansion with: details of kinds of shaved ice popular in Turkey, Lebanon, Syria. You can help by adding to it. (February 2018)

Europe

Lemon granizado in Valencia
Lemon granizado in Valencia

Drinks

When large quantities of liquids are added to shaved ice, shaved ice drinks are produced

See also

References

  1. ^ Bell, Robert "The History of the Sno Cone." Article Alley. 22 April 2009.
  2. ^ Hamamatsu, Japan Visitor's Guide|http://www.inhamamatsu.com/recommend/japans-kakigori.php%7Cdate=May 2015
  3. ^ a b Ocampo, Ambeth R. (30 August 2012). "Japanese origins of the Philippine 'halo-halo'". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Halo-Halo Graham Float Recipe". Pinoy Recipe at Iba Pa. 24 July 2019. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  5. ^ a b Crisol, Christine (2006). "A Halo-Halo Menu". In Zialcita, Fernando N. (ed.). Quiapo: Heart of Manila. Manila: Quiapo Printing. p. 321. ISBN 978-971-93673-0-7. Today, many non-Quiapense informants in their forties and older associate the Quinta Market with this dessert. Why did this market become important in the invention of this dessert? Aside from its being a Japanese legacy in the area [...] of all the city markets, the Quinta was closest to the ice.
  6. ^ a b c d Filloon, Whitney (2018-05-24). "Everything You Need to Know About Shaved Ice Desserts". Eater. Retrieved 2021-04-06.
  7. ^ Morago, Greg (2011-07-14). "A tour of the New Orleans' sno-ball stands nets some wondrous samplings". Chron. Retrieved 2021-04-07.
  8. ^ "Rudy's Fraco Truck | Virgin Islands Recipes". www.virginislandsrecipes.com. Retrieved 2018-06-03.
  9. ^ "Crucian Dictionary :: F". cruciandictionary.com. Retrieved 2018-06-03.
  10. ^ "Rudy's Fraco Truck - Virgin Islands Recipes". www.virginislandsrecipes.com.
  11. ^ Amy Chozick One Hundred Years of Craving Snow Cones From Texas to Tokyo, a reporter finds solace in the sweet and cold July 18, 2009, Wall Street Journal
  12. ^ "El granizado 'guayaco', una refrescante tradición que recorre la urbe - Vídeo Dailymotion". 8 October 2014.
  13. ^ "Los guayaquileños aún disfrutan de los tradicionales 'raspados'". 18 January 2015.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-02-25. Retrieved 2017-02-25.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "Los populares prensados". 2 July 2012.
  16. ^ "The Americanization of Bao Bing, a Cool, Fruity Asian Treat". The New York Times. 1989-06-07. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-04-07.
  17. ^ 팥빙수 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 2009-04-05.
  18. ^ Dang, Tae Keuk (September 13, 2010). "Snowy delights and variations on bingsu". Herald Corporation. Retrieved January 6, 2014.
  19. ^ Herald, The Korea (2010-08-13). "Snowy delights and variations on bingsu". www.koreaherald.com. Retrieved 2021-04-07.
  20. ^ "Beat the heat with Dhoraji's famous gola ganda". The Express Tribune. 2017-04-20. Retrieved 2020-12-22.