Pulao Mangsho, a traditional Indian pulao dish from Bangladesh and West Bengal, India, with condiments and yogurt.
Chinese fried rice served on a plate

A dish in gastronomy is a specific food preparation, a "distinct article or variety of food",[1] ready to eat or to be served.

A dish may be served on tableware, or may be eaten in one's hands.

Instructions for preparing a dish are called recipes.

Some dishes, for example a hot dog with ketchup, rarely have their own recipes printed in cookbooks as they are made by simply combining two ready-to-eat foods.


Many dishes have specific names, such as Sauerbraten, while others have descriptive names, such as "broiled ribsteak". Many are named for particular places, sometimes because of a specific association with that place, such as Boston baked beans or "bistecca alla fiorentina", and sometimes not: poached eggs Florentine essentially means "poached eggs with spinach".[2] Some are named for particular individuals:

Some dishes have many stories about their creation, which can sometimes make it difficult to know the true origin of the name of a dish.

See also


  1. ^ OED
  2. ^ 'Oeufs pochés Florentine'/Poached eggs with cheese sauce and spinach, p.138 in Practical Cookery, by Victor Ceserani and Ronald Kinton, 10th ed. Hodder Education, 2004.
  3. ^ Froc, Jean (2006). Les Traditions fromagères en France. Versailles: Quae. pp. 82–83. ISBN 2759200175.
  4. ^ "帝国ホテル生まれのシャリアピンステーキ" [Chaliapin steak we served for Feodor Chaliapin at the Imperial Hotel] (in Japanese). the Imperial Hotel. Retrieved 2016-11-01.
  5. ^ "帝国ホテル伝統のシャリアピン・ステーキ" [recipe for Chaliapin steak made at the Imperial Hotel] (in Japanese). U.S. Meat Export Federation. Archived from the original on 2016-11-15. Retrieved 2016-11-01.