Fig Roll
Fig rolls (homemade).jpg
Homemade fig rolls
TypePastry
Main ingredientsFig paste

The fig roll or fig bar is a cookie or biscuit consisting of a rolled cake or pastry filled with fig paste.

By country

United Kingdom and Ireland

A store-brand fig roll from the United Kingdom
A store-brand fig roll from the United Kingdom

In the UK and Ireland the biscuit is mass-produced by McVitie's, Jacob's, and Boland's Bakery. During the mid 1990s Jacob's produced a limited edition of a chocolate version of the biscuit.

United States: Fig Newtons

Further information: Newtons (cookie)

Fig Newtons
Fig Newtons

In 1892 James Henry Mitchell, a Florida engineer and inventor, received a patent for a machine that could produce a hollow tube of cookie dough and simultaneously fill it with jam.[1][2][3] At the same time, Philadelphia baker and fig lover Charles Roser was developing a recipe for a pastry based on the homemade fig roll likely brought to the US by immigrants from Britain.[1][3] Roser approached the Cambridgeport, Massachusetts based Kennedy Biscuit Company, who agreed to take on production and sales.[1]

Kennedy Biscuit Company had recently become associated with the New York Biscuit Company, and after merger to form Nabisco, trade marked the product as the Fig Newton.[1]

Now a trademarked product of Nabisco, the unusual shape of Fig Newtons is a characteristic that has been adopted by many competitors, such as the generic fig bars sold by most supermarkets, and Newman's Own Fig Newmans (an organic variety).

Italy

Cucciddati (Italian fig cookies) are fig-stuffed cookies traditionally served at Christmas time. The outer cookie is pastry dough. The filling generally consists of some combination of walnuts, dates, figs, honey, spices and jam. The pastry is rolled around the filling, and rolls are either cut into short tubes, or curved around to form a "bracelet".

The modern recipe of the cookie originated during the Muslim Rule of Sicily. However an older version of the cookie recipe was recorded as far back as the Roman occupation of Sicily.

India

Britannia Industries in India produces fig rolls.

See also

Footnotes and references

  1. ^ a b c d "Fig Newton - History of Cookies". Retrieved 2011-10-21.
  2. ^ Parks, Stella (2017-08-15). BraveTart: Iconic American Desserts. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 9780393634273.
  3. ^ a b Bellis, Mary. "The Machine, the Recipe, and the Merger". ThoughtCo. Retrieved 2019-11-14.