This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Sachima" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (March 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Sachima
Sachima
Sachima
Alternative namesShāqímǎ
TypePastry
Place of originChina
Created byManchu people
Main ingredientsFlour, butter, rock sugar
Variationsby region including raisins, sesame, coconut, etc
Similar dishesMayway mont
Sachima
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese沙琪瑪
Simplified Chinese沙琪玛
Hanyu Pinyinshāqímǎ
Cantonese Yalesākèimáh
Alternative Chinese name
Traditional Chinese薩其馬
Simplified Chinese萨其马
Hanyu Pinyinsàqímǎ
Cantonese Yalesaatkèimáh
Second alternative Chinese name
Traditional Chinese馬仔
Simplified Chinese马仔
Hanyu Pinyinmǎzǎi
Cantonese Yalemáhjái
Manchu name
Manchu scriptᠰᠠᠴᡳᠮᠠ
Abkaisaqima
Möllendorffsacima

Sachima is a sweet snack in Chinese cuisine made of fluffy strands of fried batter bound together with a stiff sugar syrup, somewhat similar to American Rice Krispies Treats. It originated in Manchuria and is now popular throughout China. Its decoration and flavor vary in different regional Chinese cuisines, but the appearance of all versions is essentially the same.

Regional variations

Manchu

In Manchu cuisine originally, sachima is a sweet snack. It mainly consists of flour, butter, and rock sugar. It is now popular in mainland China among children and adults.

Cantonese

The Cantonese pastry version of sachima is slightly sweet. It is also made of essentially the same ingredients as the other varieties of sachima. It is often sprinkled with sesame seeds, raisins or dried coconut. The Cantonese variety of sachima ranges from chewy to crunchy in texture. Most overseas Chinatowns offer the Cantonese style of the pastry. It is commonly found in Hong Kong.

Fujian

Many of the Fujian distribution companies manufacture packaged versions of Sachima. This version has sesame and is made of wheat flour, vegetable oil, egg, milk, granular sugar, and malt sugar.[1] The taste is comparatively plain compared to the more sweetened Cantonese version.

Mauritius

In Mauritius, sachima is called "gâteau macaroni" (lit. translated as "macaroni cake"). It is a traditional Chinese cake sold and eaten by Sino-Mauritians.[2]

Myanmar (Burma)

A similar dish called mayway mont (မရွေးမုန့်), consisting of puffed grains of early ripened glutinous rice congealed into a mass with jaggery syrup, is a popular traditional Burmese snack or mont.

Vietnam

A similar dish called bánh bỏng gạo or khẩu sli consisting of puffed grains of early ripened glutinous rice congealed into a mass with sugar and ginger, sometimes used peanut. This is a traditional dessert of Tay people, Giay people. It is also popular in the Northern regions as Lai Chau, Cao Bang, Bac Giang.

See also

References

  1. ^ According to the list of ingredients on a package of Sachima from the Zhangzhou distribution company in Fujian province.
  2. ^ admin (2012-01-19). "GÂTEAUX TRADITIONNELS CHINOIS: Le choix des saveurs". Le Mauricien (in French). Retrieved 2021-05-01.