round pastry with prominent crust and what appears to be fruit jam filling with crumbled cheese on top and a possible sprinkling of cinnamon or brown sugar
Larger koláč, called "frgál", typical of the Moravian Wallachia area
TypeSweet bread
Place of originCzechia and Slovakia
Region or stateCentral Europe
Koláč preparation in bakery
Koláč preparation in bakery

A kolach,[1] from the Czech and Slovak koláč (plural koláče, diminutive koláčky, meaning "cake/pie") is a type of sweet pastry that holds a portion of fruit surrounded by puffy yeast dough. Common filling flavors include tvaroh (a type of cottage cheese), fruit jam, poppy seeds, or povidla (prune jam). In the United States, the letter "s" is often added to the end of the word kolache to form the word "kolaches"; this is a double plural.


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Originating as a semisweet pastry from Central Europe, kolache have become popular in parts of the United States.[2] The name originates from Bohemian, originally Old Slavonic word kolo, meaning "circle" or "wheel".

Traditional Czech koláče are used in villages during feasts as a treat or at important events, such as weddings. They are usually small, with a diameter of no more than eight cm and with only one type of filling, sprinkled with sweet crumbs or sugar.



In Moravia, large koláče are popular. In some areas, they have regional names: for example, in Wallachia, they bake so-called frgály, approximately 25 centimeters in diameter. These are made of yeast dough and are most often filled with jam from apples, pears, or plums.[citation needed] In southern and western Bohemia (especially in the Chod region), koláče are also large in diameter and decorated with contrasting ornaments, most often made of povidla, poppy seeds, and cottage cheese. They are served cut into triangles, similar to pizza.[citation needed]

New York-style strawberry kolach
New York-style strawberry kolach

In some parts of the US, especially in Houston, Texas, klobásník, which contains sausage or other meat, is also called kolach, because the same kind of dough is used.[3] This pastry is more closely related to a pig in a blanket, however.[4] In contrast, a Czech koláč is always sweet.[5][better source needed] Unlike kolache, which came to the United States with Czech immigrants, klobásníky were first made by Czechs who settled in Texas.[6][7]

Kolache are often associated with small towns in the midwestern United States, where they were introduced by Czech immigrants. They are served at church suppers and on holidays but also as an everyday comfort food. Recipes are usually passed down, with some including spices like mace or nutmeg. They can be filled with a combination of prune, apricot, cream cheese, poppy seed, or assorted other fillings.[8]

Holidays and festivals

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Bujanov (a municipality in the South Bohemian Region of Czechia) holds annual koláč celebrations (Koláčové slavnosti) and a koláč marathon (Koláčový běh).[9]

Several US cities hold annual koláč festival celebrations:

Both Verdigre, Nebraska, and Montgomery, Minnesota, claim to be the "kolache capital of the world".[12][13] Prague, Nebraska, claims to be known as the home of the world's largest koláč. Both Caldwell, Texas, and West, Texas, claim the title of "Kolache Capital" of the state,[14] and kolache are popular in Central and Eastern Texas.[15][16] There is even a Texas Czech Belt,[2] which grew in the 1880s and is full of koláč bakeries.[citation needed]

See also


  1. ^ "kolacky". Dictionary.com Unabridged (Online). n.d. Retrieved 22 January 2016.
  2. ^ a b Davis, Wynne (28 November 2016). "The Czech Pastry That Took Texas by Storm, and Keeps Gaining Strength". NPR.org. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  3. ^ Johnston, Abby (24 August 2018). "If It's Not Sweet, It's Not a Kolache—It's a Klobasnek". Texas Monthly. Retrieved 16 April 2023.
  4. ^ "Czech, Please: 2000s Archive: gourmet.com". Prod.gourmet.com. 1 August 2011. Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
  5. ^ "Jak šly české koláče do světa. Američané 'kolaches' milují". Lidovky.cz. 3 February 2015. Retrieved 4 February 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ Siegel, Jeff (January 2014). "The Kolach Trail". Texas Co-op Power: 11.
  7. ^ Limón, Elvia (25 July 2019). "Is Texas the only state with kolaches, or do other states also have them? Curious Texas investigates". Dallas News. Retrieved 16 April 2023.
  8. ^ Stern, Jane; Stern, Michael (2005). Roadfood: The Coast to Coast Guide to 500 of the Best Barbeque Joints, Lobster Shacks, Ice Cream Parlors, Highway Diners and Much, Much More. ISBN 9780767922647.
  9. ^ "Obec Bujanov". Retrieved 4 February 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ "Michele Casady, "Rain and kolaches? Czech"". Bryan-College Station Eagle, 13 September 2009. Archived from the original on 15 September 2009. Retrieved 24 October 2009.
  11. ^ "Czech & Kolache Festival : Agricultural Heritage & Resources". Agriculturalheritage.org. 22 February 1999. Archived from the original on 29 August 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2019.((cite web)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  12. ^ "Village of Verdigre". Archived from the original on 5 September 2010. Retrieved 16 March 2012.
  13. ^ "Montgomery, Minnesota City Information". US-MN: ePodunk. Archived from the original on 5 February 2012. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
  14. ^ "Official Capital Designations | TSLAC". Tsl.state.tx.us. 26 July 2019. Retrieved 28 December 2019.
  15. ^ Dao 2017-04-10T10:00:00-04:00, Dan Q. (18 March 2019). "Kolache Are the Texas Breakfast Staple Worth a Trip to the Lone Star State". SAVEUR. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  16. ^ "Where to find the best kolaches in Texas". ABC13 Houston. 16 August 2018. Retrieved 17 April 2019.