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Manchu cuisine
Traditional Chinese滿洲菜
Simplified Chinese满洲菜

Manchu cuisine or Manchurian cuisine is the cuisine of Manchuria (Northeast China) and Russian Manchuria. It uses the traditional Manchu staple foods of millet, soybean, peas, corn and broomcorn. It relies heavily on preserved foods (often pickling) due to the harsh winters and scorching summers in Northeast China. Manchu cuisine is also known for grilling, wild meat, strong flavours and the wide use of soy sauce. Manchu cuisine is more wheat based than Han Chinese cuisines.


The ancestors of the Manchus were the Jurchen and Mohe people. The Mohe enjoyed eating pork, practised pig farming extensively, and were mainly sedentary, and also used both pig and dog skins for coats. They were predominantly farmers who grew soybean, wheat, millet and rice, in addition to engaging in hunting.[1]

In contrast with their Mohe ancestors, the Jurchens developed respect for dogs around the time of the Ming dynasty and passed this tradition to their Manchu descendants. In Jurchen culture, it was forbidden to use dog skin and harm, kill or eat dogs. The Jurchens also believed that the Koreans' use of dog skin was an "utmost evil".[2] The Koreans' consumption of dog meat set them apart from the Manchus.[3]

The Manchu Han Imperial Feast (满汉全席; 滿漢全席; Mǎnhàn quán xí) includes many notable dishes in Manchu cuisine. This banquet combined the best cuisine from the Manchus, Han Chinese, Mongols, Hui people and Tibetans. It included 108 dishes (of which 54 are northern dishes and 54 are southern dishes) that would be eaten over three days. The Manchu palace banquets were subdivided into six grades. The first, second and third grades were prepared for deceased imperial ancestors. The fourth grade food was served to the imperial family during the Lunar New Year and other festivals. The fifth and sixth grades were served on all other occasions.[4]

Notable dishes in Manchu cuisine

The typical Manchu dishes include pickled vegetables. Manchurian hot pot (满洲火锅; 滿洲火鍋; Mǎnzhōu huǒguō) is a traditional dish, made with pickled Chinese cabbage, pork and mutton.

Bairou xuechang (白肉血肠; 白肉血腸; báiròu xuěcháng; 'white meat blood sausage') is a soup with pork and blood sausage and pickled Chinese cabbage.

Suziyie doubao (苏子叶豆包; 蘇子葉豆包; sūzǐyè dòubāo) is a steamed bun, stuffed with sweetened, mashed beans and wrapped with perilla leaves outside.[5]

Sachima is a candied fritter similar to Tatar Çäkçäk, which is a very popular sweet.

Other common dishes are:

Manchurian/Manchow dishes in India

The popular Indian Chinese style of cooking known as Manchurian, where an ingredient is first deep-fried and then sauteed in a spicy sauce, was invented in India and bears little if any relation to actual Manchu cooking.[6] Manchow soup is also an Indian creation.


  1. ^ Gorelova, Liliya M., ed. (2002). Handbook of Oriental Studies. Section 8 Uralic & Central Asian Studies, Manchu Grammar. Vol. Seven Manchu Grammar. Brill Academic Pub. pp. 13–14. ISBN 9004123075.
  2. ^ Aisin Gioro, Ulhicun; Jin, Shi. "Manchuria from the Fall of the Yuan to the rise of the Manchu State (1368-1636)" (PDF). p. 18. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  3. ^ Jucha, Nicholas (2010-04-21). "The Manchu in modern China". GBTimes. Archived from the original on 2016-06-02. Retrieved 2016-05-02.
  4. ^ Rawski, Evelyn Sakakida (1998). The Last Emperors: A Social History of Qing Imperial Institutions. University of California Press. ISBN 052092679X.
  5. ^ "The Manchu Ethnic Group" (PDF). MSD China. Retrieved 2011-05-01.
  6. ^ Mukherjee, Sipra; Gooptu, Sarvani. "The Chinese community of Calcutta". In Banerjee, Himadri (ed.). Calcutta Mosaic: Essays and Interviews on the Minority Communities of Calcutta. Anthem Press. pp. 131–142. ISBN 978-81-905835-5-8.