Macanese cuisine (Chinese: 澳門土生葡菜, Portuguese: culinária macaense) is mainly influenced by Chinese cuisine, especially Cantonese cuisine and European cuisine, especially Portuguese cuisine and influences from Southeast Asia and the Lusophone world, due to Macau's past as a Portuguese colony and long history of being an international tourist gambling centre.

Minichi, egg tarts, pork chop buns, ginger milk and almond cakes are some of the region's most common delicacies. Common cooking methods make use of various spices such as turmeric, coconut milk, and cinnamon to give dishes an extra kick of aroma and enhancement of taste. Many routinely consumed dishes in Macau belong to a subclass (Heungshan) of Cantonese cuisine. Many Macanese dishes resulted from the spice blends that the wives of Portuguese sailors used in an attempt to replicate European dishes with local Chinese ingredients and seasonings.

Typically, Macanese food is seasoned with various spices including turmeric, coconut milk, and cinnamon, and dried cod (bacalhau), giving special aromas and tastes. Popular dishes include galinha à Portuguesa, galinha à Africana (African chicken), bacalhau (traditional Portuguese salt cod), pato de cabidela, Macanese chili shrimps, minchi,[1][2][3] stir-fried curry crab; pig's ear and papaya salad, and rabbit stewed in wine, cinnamon and star anise.

Cha Gordo (literally "Fat Tea"[4]) is a culinary tradition amongst the Macanese community in Macau that is likened to afternoon tea.[4] Historically, families with Portuguese heritage in Macau would host a Cha Gordo for a number of occasions, including Catholic holidays, christening, or birthdays, but they can be held for any reason.[5] Historically, some families would even host one on a weekly basis.[4] A Cha Gordo would take place following a Macanese wedding, instead of the elaborate banquet seen in Chinese weddings.[6]

Macanese dishes and desserts

Non-Macanese Macau snacks

See also

Select bibliography

  • Ferreira Lamas, João António (1995). A culinária dos macaenses. Oporto: Lello & Irmão.
  • Gomes, Maria Margarida (1984). A cozinha macaense. Macau: Imprensa Nacional.
  • Senna, Maria Celestina de Mello e (1998). Cozinha de Macau. Lisbon: Vega ISBN 972-699-575-2

References

  1. ^ "Jornal Tribuna de Macau". Archived from the original on 2011-10-02. Retrieved 2010-06-22.
  2. ^ "The page cannot be found" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-05-29. Retrieved 2010-06-22.
  3. ^ "Gastronomia - Descobrir Macau - Direcção dos Serviços de Turismo". Archived from the original on 2012-06-30. Retrieved 2010-06-22.
  4. ^ a b c Cummings-Yeates, Rosalind (18 August 2015). "Feasting on Fat Tea in Macau". TravelPulse.
  5. ^ Loh, Juliana (10 April 2015). "Cha Gordo: Macau's ' fat tea' a celebration of Macanese cuisine and culture". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  6. ^ Daniels, Maggie; Loveless, Carrie (2014). Wedding Planning and Management: Consultancy for Diverse Clients (Second ed.). Routledge. p. 29. ISBN 9781136160554. Retrieved 7 March 2018.