Carciofi alla giudìa
Alternative namesCarciofi alla giudea
CourseAntipasto
Place of originItaly
Region or stateRome
Created byRoman Jews
Serving temperatureWarm
Main ingredientsArtichokes

Carciofi alla giudìa (Italian: [karˈtʃɔːfi alla dʒuˈdiːa]; lit.'Jewish-style artichokes') is among the best-known dishes of Roman Jewish cuisine.[1] The recipe is essentially a deep-fried artichoke, and originated in the Jewish community of Rome, giudìo being the Romanesco dialect term for Jew.[2] It is a speciality of the Roman Ghetto, where it is served by Jewish restaurants in the springtime. In English the dish is usually referred to with the standard Italian spelling carciofi alla giudea;[3][4][5] this spelling may be found in Italian sources as well,[6] but the Roman dialect name is much more commonly used.

Preparation

Carciofi alla giudia

Artichokes of the Romanesco variety are commonly used for this dish.[1] They are cleaned with a sharp knife to eliminate the hard external leaves, beaten to open them, left for some minutes in water with lemon juice to prevent discolouration, then seasoned with salt and pepper and deep fried in olive oil.[1] Once they are cooked, a little cold water is sprinkled on them to make them crisp. They are eaten warm; the leaves have a nutty crunchiness.[7]

Kashrut

In 2018, the Chief Rabbinate of Israel declared that artichokes are not kosher, since the dense leaves could conceal non-kosher insects. This sowed consternation among Roman Jews, who resisted the declaration, argued that the artichokes used for this signature dish have leaves so tight that insects cannot enter, and emphasized the importance and deep cultural roots of the dish for the Italian Jewish community.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Malizia (1995), pg. 54
  2. ^ "Giudio". Vocabolario Treccani. Enciclopedia Italiana. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  3. ^ David, pp. 164–5
  4. ^ Gray and Rogers, p. 146
  5. ^ Davidson, p. 36: carciofini alla giudea
  6. ^ Cervellati p. 95
  7. ^ Malizia (1995), pg. 55
  8. ^ Traverso, Vittoria (5 June 2018). "Has Rome declared an artichoke war?". Retrieved 8 June 2018.

Sources