Ghormeh sabzi
Alternative namesKhoresh sabzi, khoresht sabzi, ghormeh sabzi, qormeh sabzi
TypeStew
CourseMain course
Place of origin Iran
Associated cuisine Iran
Created byIranians
Main ingredientsHerbs, kidney beans, dried lime, lamb; served with rice.

Ghormeh sabzi (Persian: قورمه‌ سبزی) or Khoresht sabzi (Persian: خورشت‌ سبزی), also spelled qormeh sabzi, is an Iranian herb stew. It is considered the national dish and is a very popular dish in Iran.[1] Ghormeh sabzi has different variants, which are based on the difference between beans and meat.

Preparation

Homemade ghormeh sabzi served with chelow and Shirazi salad

The main ingredients are a mixture of sauteed herbs, consisting mainly of parsley, leeks or green onions, and coriander, seasoned with the key spice of dried fenugreek leaves. The herb mixture has many variations.[2] Any dark bitter greens can be used, such as kale, mustard greens, or turnip greens, although none are part of the original recipe.[3]

This mixture is cooked with kidney beans, yellow or red onions, black lime (pierced dried limou-Amani Persian lime), and turmeric-seasoned lamb or beef. The dish is then served with polo (Persian parboiled and steamed rice) or over tahdig.[4]

The Financial Times noted that there is much disagreement among Iranians on the ingredients used in the stew.[5]

Serving

Ghormeh sabzi, a flavorful stew, is traditionally served with basmati rice. However, it can also be eaten with flatbread, Shirazi salad (cucumbers, tomatoes, onions, and herbs), and a yogurt-cucumber dip.[6][better source needed][7]

Cultural importance

Self magazine listed ghormeh sabzi as one of twelve of the most meaningful dishes among cultures passed down among families.[8] The Tehran Times wrote that the dish "is one of the most prominent dishes in Persian culinary heritage."[9]

Iranians in the diaspora traditionally celebrate "International Ghormeh Sabzi Appreciation Day" two days after Thanksgiving.[10]

Ghormeh sabzi is the first Iranian dish served in outer space, by astronaut Jasmin Moghbeli.[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ Dana-Haeri, Jila; Ghorashian, Shahrzad; Lowe, Jason (2011). New Persian Cooking: A Fresh Approach to the Classic Cuisine of Iran. I. B. Tauris. p. 79. ISBN 978-1848855861.
  2. ^ "Persian Stew Recipe Iranian Ghormeh Sabzi International Cuisines" (in Japanese). Retrieved 14 June 2022.
  3. ^ HasanzadeNemati, Shadi (3 January 2018). "Ghormeh Sabzi - Persian Herb Stew (Video)". Unicorns in the Kitchen.
  4. ^ Benayoun, Mike (11 December 2022). "Ghormeh Sabzi".
  5. ^ Patalay, Ajesh (3 September 2020). "Where to eat Persian food – just as mother makes it". Financial Times. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  6. ^ "Explore Persian Ghormeh Sabzi: A Flavorful Herb Stew from Iran's Rich Culinary Heritage". Cooking County. Retrieved 7 April 2023.
  7. ^ Marzia (16 February 2023). "Ghormeh Sabzi Recipe (Persian Herb Stew)". Little Spice Jar. Retrieved 1 April 2024.
  8. ^ Shiffer, Emily (20 January 2021). "12 People on the Meaningful Food Traditions Passed Down in Their Families". SELF. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  9. ^ "Persian cuisine: Khoresh-e Ghormeh Sabzi (Persian herb, bean and lamb stew)". Tehran Times. 14 August 2020. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  10. ^ KUMS. "Ghorme Sabzi". KUMS. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  11. ^ "قرمه‌سبزی ایرانی به فضا رفت". euronews (in Persian). 12 February 2024. Retrieved 12 February 2024.