Bastani
Akbar Mashti.JPG
Alternative namesPersian ice cream, saffron ice cream
TypeIce cream
Place of origin Iran (Ancient Persia)
Serving temperatureCold
Main ingredientsMilk, cream, sugar, flavorings (e.g. fruit puree or nut paste)

Bastani (Persian: بستنی), locally known as bastani sonnati (Persian: بستنی سنتی "traditional ice cream") or bastani sonnati zaferani (Persian: بستنی سنتی زعفرانی "traditional saffron ice cream"), is an Iranian ice cream made from milk, eggs, sugar, rose water, saffron, vanilla, and pistachios. It is known widely as Persian ice cream. Bastani often contains flakes of frozen clotted cream.[1][2] Sometimes, salep is included as an ingredient.

Āb havij bastani (Persian: آب هویج بستنی) is a mixture of carrot juice made into an ice cream float and occasionally, may be garnished with cinnamon, nutmeg, or other spices.

History

A yakhchal, an ancient type of ice house, in Yazd, Iran
A yakhchal, an ancient type of ice house, in Yazd, Iran

The history of bastani probably began around 500 BCE in the Achaemenid Empire of Persia.[3][4] Various syrups would be poured over snow to produce summertime treats called "fruit ice" (sharbat). Typically, the ice was mixed with saffron, grape juices, fruits, and other flavours. The Macedonian leader Alexander the Great, who battled the Persians for ten years, enjoyed "fruit ices" sweetened with honey and chilled with snow.[citation needed]

In 400 BCE, the Persians also invented a sorbet made with rose water and vermicelli called faloodeh (Persian: پالوده).[5] Persians introduced ice cream and faloodeh to Arabs after the Arab invasion of Iran and the fall of Persian Sasanian Empire.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ "بستنیِ سنتیِ زعفرانی". iranchef. Archived from the original on 25 October 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  2. ^ "بستنی ایرانی چگونه ساخته می‌شد - سالارکتاب: اطلاعات معتبر و مستند". سالارکتاب: اطلاعات معتبر و مستند (in Persian). 2018-08-25. Archived from the original on August 26, 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-03.
  3. ^ "Who Invented Ice Cream? - Ice Cream Inventor". www.icecreamhistory.net. Retrieved 2018-08-31. History of ice creams begun around 500 BCE in the Persian Empire where ice was used in combination with grape juices, fruits, and other flavors to produce very expensive and hard to produce summertime treats.
  4. ^ Book of Firsts. RW Press. ISBN 9781909284296. c. 550-330 BC, First mention of flavoured snow or ice : during the Persian Empire
  5. ^ The History of Ice Cream & The Ice Cream Cone
  6. ^ "علی (ع) و فالوده‌ خوردن با ایرانیان - سالارکتاب: اطلاعات معتبر و مستند". سالارکتاب: اطلاعات معتبر و مستند (in Persian). 2018-06-02. Archived from the original on June 22, 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-03.