It has been suggested that this article be merged into Tea in Turkey. (Discuss) Proposed since April 2021.
Rize Tea
TypeBlack

Other namesRize çayı, Çay
OriginRize Province, Turkey

Quick descriptionTurkish tea produced in the eastern Black Sea province of Rize

Rize tea or Rize çayı is the black tea used for Turkish tea. Produced in Rize Province of Turkey which has a mild climate with high precipitation and fertile soil, when brewed it is mahogany in color.[1]

In addition to being consumed at home, it is served in Turkish cafés by a çaycı (English: tea-waiter), in small, narrow-waisted glasses. It can be taken strong (Turkish: demli or dark) or weak (Turkish: açık or light), and is traditionally served with beet sugar crystals (Turkish: toz şeker) or a couple of sugar lumps (Turkish: kesme şeker).[2][3]

History

The Rize Province is located between the Pontic Mountains and the Black Sea, and is considered to be the "wettest" corner of Turkey; this environment provides a specific ecosystem for tea growing.[4] The land contains many mountain valleys and has been prized for its biodiversity.[5][6]

Tea was experimentally farmed in the Rize Province, starting in 1912 as an initiative by the Head of the Chamber of Agriculture, Hulusi Bey.[7] It wasn't until around 1945, that Turkish tea plantations in the Rize Province were producing sizable crops.[8] There are other regions of tea growing within Turkey, with the Rize Province being one of the largest and more successful.[8][9] By 1947, the first local tea factory was created and by 1958, the first regional tea research institute was created in the Rize Province.[10][4]

Labor

The success of tea crops in Rize brought work and wealth to a once impoverished area, as well as a large population change.[4] Modern day harvesting of Rize tea crops has been done by migrant laborers, especially people from the Caucasian countries of Georgia and Azerbaijan.[10][5] In 2021, the tea plantations were expecting 40,000 foreign workers during the harvest season however due to the COVID-19 pandemic travel restrictions, African laborers came to the region to work instead (specifically from Gambia, Senegal, Sudan and Zambia).[10]

References

  1. ^ Saberi, Helen (2010-10-15). Tea: A Global History. Reaktion Books. pp. 78–79. ISBN 978-1-86189-892-0.
  2. ^ Janger, Kathie. Just Your Cup of Tea. Standard International Media. p. 19. ISBN 978-1-60081-649-9.
  3. ^ Yousuf, Ambreen (2021-04-20). "Tea culture in Turkey, Kashmir: Types, brewing, health benefits". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 2021-10-08.
  4. ^ a b c "Rize". Bologna Course Package, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Üniversitesi. Retrieved 2021-10-08.
  5. ^ a b "Familial cases haunt Turkey's coronavirus hot spot Rize". Daily Sabah. 2021-09-12. Retrieved 2021-10-08.
  6. ^ Gall, Carlotta (2021-05-29). "After Erdogan Angers a Loyal Province, His Opponents See an Opportunity". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-10-08.
  7. ^ McWilliams, Mark (2018-07-01). Food and Landscape: Proceedings of the 2017 Oxford Symposium on Food and Cookery. Oxford Symposium. p. 374. ISBN 978-1-909248-62-5.
  8. ^ a b Klasra, M. A.; Khawar, K. M.; Aasim, M. (2007). "History of tea production and marketing in Turkey". International Journal of Agriculture and Biology (Pakistan). ISSN 1560-8530.
  9. ^ Ergener, Rashid (2002). About Turkey: Geography, Economy, Politics, Religion, and Culture. Pilgrims Process, Inc. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-9710609-6-8.
  10. ^ a b c "African workers lend a hand in Rize's tea gardens - Turkey News". Hürriyet Daily News. May 27, 2021. Retrieved 2021-10-08.