Montreal-style bagel
Poppy seed (dark) and sesame seed (light) Montreal-style bagels
Place of originCanada
Region or stateMontreal, Quebec
Main ingredientsFlour, malt, eggs, honey

The Montreal-style bagel or Montreal bagel (sometimes beigel; Yiddish: בײגל, romanizedbeygl; French: Bagel de Montréal) is a distinctive variety of handmade and wood-fired baked bagel. In contrast to the New York–style bagel,[1] the Montreal bagel is smaller, thinner, sweeter and denser, with a larger hole, and is always baked in a wood-fired oven.[2] It contains malt, egg, and no salt, and is boiled in honey-sweetened water before being baked.[3]

In some Montreal establishments, bagels are still produced by hand and baked in full view of the patrons.[4] There are two predominant varieties: black-seed (poppy seed), or white-seed (sesame seed).


Montreal bagels, like the similarly shaped New York bagel, were brought to North America by Jewish immigrants from Poland and other Eastern European countries; the differences in texture and taste reflect the style of the particular area in Poland in which the immigrant bakers learned their trade. Minor controversy surrounds the question of who first brought the bagel to Montreal. They were (reportedly) first baked in Montreal by Chaim (Hyman) Seligman,[when?] as verified by Montreal historian Joe King,[5] a historian of Montreal Jewry. Seligman first worked in the neighbourhood community of Lachine and later moved his bakery to the lane next door to Schwartz's Delicatessen on Boulevard St. Laurent in central Montreal. Seligman would string his bagels into dozens and patrol Jewish Main purveying his wares, originally with a pushcart, then a horse and wagon and still later from a converted taxi. Seligman went into partnership with Myer Lewkowicz and with Jack Shlafman but fell out with both of them. Seligman and Lewkowicz founded the St. Viateur Bagel Shop in 1957 and Shlafman established Fairmount Bagel in 1919,[6] which both still exist in the present day.


A substantial proportion of Montreal's English-speaking Jewish community gradually left for other locales. Catering to this population, Montreal-style bagel shops have opened in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Vancouver, Ottawa, Toronto, Hamilton,[7] Calgary, Whitehorse, and other Canadian, and even US cities, such as Burlington, Houston, Los Angeles, Oakland, Portland[citation needed], and Seattle. For a time this style of bagel was almost completely unknown in the northeastern U.S., mainly due to the proximity of the rival New York City bagel.[8][9] (with one exception having been in Burlington, Vermont, where Myer's Bagels boasts a Montreal-style wood-fired oven and Lloyd Squires, a former St-Viateur Bagel Shop baker).[10] At one point in New York City there were two Montreal-style bagel locations in the borough of Brooklyn within four blocks of each other, but one is now closed and the other no longer offers Montreal-style bagels.[citation needed]

Montreal-style bagels are currently the only style of bagel known to have ventured into space. Gregory Chamitoff, who grew up in Montreal, took three bags of sesame bagels with him on his assignments to STS-124 as passenger and ISS Expedition 17 as crewmember.[11][12]

Fairmount Bagel – A loaf of bagel dough that is ready to be rolled and prepared


This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (February 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Montreal-style bagels are, for the most part, manufactured by the same method used to produce a generic bagel. The Montreal-style method of making bagels builds on the basic traditional method in the following ways:

Notable bagel shops

Several Montreal bagel factories produce authentic Montreal-style bagels. St-Viateur Bagel, at 263 av. St-Viateur West, and Fairmount Bagel, at 74 Avenue Fairmount Ouest are two notable bagel shops in Montreal.[13][14] Both claim to be the oldest bagel shop in the city.[14][15]

See also


  1. ^ "Crusty Bran Bagels are an Ethnic Treat". St. Petersburg Times. November 21, 1974. Retrieved February 6, 2009.[dead link]
  2. ^ Hamilton, Matthew (July 31, 2015). "A few things to do in Montreal". Times Union. Retrieved October 9, 2017.
  3. ^ Weiss, Evan (November 19, 2018). "A day in the life of Lloyd Squires, Vermont's 'best' bagel maker". Burlington Free Press. Retrieved November 29, 2018.
  4. ^ Mennie, James (August 3, 2006). "If you can't stand the heat, get into the kitchen". The Montreal Gazette. Canwest News. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved February 6, 2009.
  5. ^ Joe King. Baron Byng to Bagels: Tales of Jewish Montreal. Montreal. 2006 Pp. 42–43
  6. ^ Fairmount Bagel, History Archived February 7, 2013, at the Wayback Machine (accessdate 2012-09-21)
  7. ^ "Bagel lovers, the Abominable Doughnut Must Not Stand" Archived June 28, 2009, at the Wayback Machine,
  8. ^ Bushnell, David (September 27, 2007). "Where 1 million bagels is just another day at office". The Boston Globe. Retrieved February 6, 2009.
  9. ^ Hewitt, Jean (April 24, 1969). "Business Better". The St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved February 6, 2009.
  10. ^ Horowitz, Ruth (October 17, 2006). "The Hole Truth: Vermont's bagel bakers answer the roll call". Seven Days. Retrieved June 9, 2011.
  11. ^, "Montreal-born astronaut brings bagels into space" Archived June 2, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Jun. 1 2008
  12. ^ Irwin Block, "Here's proof: Montreal bagels are out of this world" Archived June 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, The Gazette (Montreal), Tuesday June 3, 2008, Section A, Page A2
  13. ^ "Montreal: Introduction: Best Dining Bets". Frommer's Montreal and Quebec City 2009. 2009.
  14. ^ a b Beck, Katie (June 22, 2010). "The bagel war of Montreal". BBC News. Retrieved June 22, 2010.
  15. ^ "A little bit of our history - St-Viateur Bagel". Retrieved February 3, 2021.