This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Moin moin" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (September 2011) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Moin-Moin or Moi-Moi
Alternative namesMoyi-Moyi, Mai-Mai, Olele
Place of originNigeria
Region or stateWestern Africa
Created byYoruba People
Main ingredientsBlack-eyed beans or honey beans, onions, fresh ground peppers,oil
Nigerian fried rice served with grilled fish, mixed salad and moi moi

Moin-moin or moimoi is a steamed or boiled bean pudding made from a mixture of washed and peeled black-eyed beans, often combined with onions and fresh red peppers (usually a combination of 'sogun' bell peppers, chili or Scotch bonnet), spices and fish/egg/crayfish.[1] Its a protein-rich food that originated and is a staple from Yorubaland in Nigeria, Benin and Togo.[2][3] Moi moi is traditionally steamed in a special leaf called Ewe eran, though it can also be steamed in other materials like steaming containers.

Asides from its name moi moi, it is also commonly known as "alele" or "olele", all three from the Yoruba language, but is more commonly known by latter in Sierra Leone and Ghana. It is usually taken with Ogi /Akamu/koko.[4] It can also be taken with garri, pap, or custard. Moi moi is now usually used as a side dish in Nigerian parties, served alongside Jollof rice and other dishes.


Moin-moin is prepared by first soaking the beans in cold water until they are soft enough to remove the fine outer covering or peel.[5] Then they are ground or blended (using a blender) until a fine paste is achieved. Salt, bouillon cube, dried crayfish, vegetable oil and other seasonings are added to taste. Some add sardines, corned beef, sliced boiled eggs, or a combination of these and other 'garnishes' to liven up Moin-Moin.[6] Such is referred to as having 'x' number of lives, 'x' representing the number of garnishes added. The most touted is Moin-Moin elemi meje, which translates to Moin-Moin with seven lives.[7]

Moin-moin usually comes in a slanted pyramid shape, cylindrical shape, cone shape and any targeted shape[8] owing to the mold it is poured into prior to cooking. The pyramid shape comes from the traditional broad "ewe eran" (Thaumatococcus daniellii)[9] or banana leaves[10] fashioned into a cone in one's palm, then the seasoned and garnished liquid is poured into the leaves, which is then folded. The cylindrical shapes come from empty cans of milk or tomato sauce used in preparation of other dishes. After packaging, it is placed in a large pot about a tenth filled with water. The water is the source of steam that cooks the moin-moin. Moin-moin is eaten alone or with bread as a snack, with rice as a meal or with ogi for breakfast or supper. It can also be taken with garri in the afternoon. The moin-moin process has been made easy by blending beans into flour also called beans flour, this flour process as eliminates the stress of peeling beans and washing them multiple times. All that is needed is to mix the bean flour with water, add seasonings and salt to taste, fish, stocks, pawns, etc.

See also


  1. ^ "The thriving 'Moi-moi' business in Nigeria". 22 March 2022.
  2. ^ "Nigerian Moi Moi". All Nigerian Recipes. Retrieved 2022-07-23.
  3. ^ "Nigeria", The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, 2022-08-23, retrieved 2022-08-28
  4. ^ "NEWS". Retrieved 2020-06-07.
  5. ^ "Best Moi-moi recipe". 11 November 2020.
  6. ^ "Moin-Moin". 13 April 2010.
  7. ^ "Moin-Moin". 13 April 2010.
  8. ^ "The Nigerian Moi-Moi". The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News. 2017-07-21. Retrieved 2022-07-23.
  9. ^ Iwalaiye, Temi (2021-12-17). "What should you use to wrap moi-moi?". Pulse Nigeria. Retrieved 2022-07-23.
  10. ^ "Moi Moi Wrapped In Banana leaves Recipe by UmmiAbdull". Cookpad. Retrieved 2022-07-23.