Yorkshire pudding
Yorkshire puddings
Alternative namesYorkshire
Place of originEngland
Region or stateNorthern England
Main ingredientsMilk or water, flour and eggs
Yorkshire puddings

Yorkshire pudding is a baked pudding made from a batter of eggs, flour, and milk or water.[1] A common British side dish, it is a versatile food that can be served in numerous ways depending on its ingredients, size, and the accompanying components of the meal. As a first course, it can be served with onion gravy. For a main course, it may be served with meat and gravy, and is part of the traditional Sunday roast, but can also be filled with foods such as bangers and mash to make a meal. Sausages can be added to make toad in the hole. The 18th-century cookery writer Hannah Glasse was the first to use the term "Yorkshire pudding" in print.

Yorkshire puddings are similar to Dutch baby pancakes,[2] and to popovers, an American light roll made from an egg batter.[3]


Mini Yorkshire puddings, served as part of a traditional Sunday roast
A Yorkshire pudding filled with mashed potato, beef, gravy and vegetables
Yorkshire pudding cooked in a 22 cm (8.7 in) diameter cast-iron frying pan

When wheat flour began to come into common use for making cakes and puddings, cooks in northern England (Yorkshire) devised a means of making use of the fat that dropped into the dripping pan to cook a batter pudding while the meat roasted. In 1737, a recipe for "a dripping pudding" was published in Sir Alexander William George Cassey's book The Whole Duty of a Woman:[4]

Make a good batter as for pancakes; put in a hot toss-pan over the fire with a bit of butter to fry the bottom a little then put the pan and butter under a shoulder of mutton, instead of a dripping pan, keeping frequently shaking it by the handle and it will be light and savoury, and fit to take up when your mutton is enough; then turn it in a dish and serve it hot.

Similar instructions were published during 1747 in the book The Art of Cookery made Plain and Easy by Hannah Glasse, with the name 'Yorkshire pudding'. It was she who renamed the original version, known as Dripping Pudding, which had been cooked in England for centuries, although these puddings were much flatter than the puffy versions made in modern times.[5] William Sitwell suggests that the pudding got the name 'Yorkshire' due to the region's association with coal and the higher temperatures this produced which helped to make the batter crisper.[6]

Originally, the Yorkshire pudding was served as a first course with thick gravy to dull the appetite with the low-cost ingredients so that the diners would not eat so much of the more expensive meat in the next course.[7] Because the rich gravy from the roast meat drippings was used with the first course, the main meat and vegetable course was often served with a parsley or white sauce.[8] In poorer households, the pudding was often served as the only course. Using dripping,[9] a simple meal was made with flour, eggs and milk. This was traditionally eaten with a gravy or sauce, to moisten the pudding.

The Yorkshire pudding is meant to rise. The Royal Society of Chemistry suggested in 2008 that "A Yorkshire pudding isn't a Yorkshire pudding if it is less than four inches [10 cm] tall".[10]

In a 2012 poll conducted by T-Mobile UK, the Yorkshire pudding was ranked tenth in a list of things people love about Britain.[11]

Baking method

Yorkshire pudding is baked by pouring a batter made from milk, flour and eggs into oiled and preheated baking pans (ramekins or muffin tins in the case of miniature puddings). A basic formula uses 200ml flour and 200ml milk with four eggs (also 200ml).[12] Water produces a lighter, crisper, but less sweet pudding than using milk.[13] They can also be baked in cast-iron frying pans or similar.[14][15] A 1926 recipe involves covering the pudding with greaseproof paper to steam it and then serving it with jam, butter and sugar.[16]

Yorkshire Pudding Day

National Yorkshire Pudding Day has been celebrated on the first Sunday in February in Britain since 2007.[13][17][18][19] It is celebrated on 13 October in the United States.[20]


  1. ^ Siciliano-Rosen, Laura (22 October 2014). "Yorkshire Pudding". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  2. ^ Campbell-Schmitt, Adam (15 May 2018). "Dutch Baby or Yorkshire Pudding? Brits Argue Their Savory Dish Should Never Go Sweet". Food & Wine. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
  3. ^ McGee, Harold (16 November 2004). On Food and Cooking: The Science and lore of the Kitchen. Simon and Schuster. p. 551. ISBN 9780684800011.
  4. ^ Lady, A; Kenrick, William (1737). The Whole Duty of a Woman. London. pp. 468–9. Retrieved 7 December 2017 – via archive.org.
  5. ^ Glasse, Hannah (1998) [1747]. The Art of Cookery Made Plain and Easy. Applewood Books. ISBN 978-1-55709-462-9.
  6. ^ Sitwell, William (2015). A History of Food in 100 Recipes. William Collins. p. 136. ISBN 978-0-00-741200-6.
  7. ^ "Old England Traditional Roast Beef and Yorkshire Pudding". food.com. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  8. ^ "Secret of a perfect Yorkshire pud". BBC News. 14 November 2008. Retrieved 14 November 2008.
  9. ^ "The history and origins of the Yorkshire Pudding". Historic UK. Retrieved 26 June 2022.
  10. ^ "Yorkshire pudding must be four inches tall, chemists rule". Royal Society of Chemistry. 12 November 2008. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
  11. ^ "Bacon Butty Best of British". SWNS digital. 3 February 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  12. ^ "Best Yorkshire puddings". BBC Good Food. Retrieved 8 March 2021.
  13. ^ a b Clay, Xanthe (30 January 2015). "Yorkshire puds aren't just for roasts – they're a cracking dessert, too". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  14. ^ "Best Yorkshire Puddings". BBC Good Food. February 2009.
  15. ^ "Yorkshire pudding isn't for dessert". www.thegazette.com. Retrieved 24 November 2022.
  16. ^ "1926 Recipes – Puddings and Pastry". Recipes Past and Present. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
  17. ^ Lindsay, Duncan (7 February 2016). "National Yorkshire Pudding Day: 9 delicious and easy yorkie dishes to blow your taste buds". Metro. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  18. ^ Gorringe, Anne (4 February 2016). "Don't get in a stew about Yorkshire puddings: Find out everything about the delicacy". Sunday Express. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
  19. ^ "National Yorkshire Pudding Day – Sunday 4 February 2018". Yorkshire's Best Guides. 29 January 2018. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
  20. ^ Lemoine, Yvan (2010). FoodFest 365!: The Officially Fun Food Holiday Cookbook. Simon and Schuster. p. 39. ISBN 9781440510007. Retrieved 20 May 2018.