Fried rice
Koh Mak, Thailand, Fried rice with seafood, Thai fried rice.jpg
Thai-style seafood fried rice
Alternative names
List
  • arroz mamposteao – Puerto Rican Spanish
  • arroz frito – Philippine Spanish
  • bai cha (បាយឆា) – Khmer
  • bokkeum-bap (볶음밥) – Korean
  • bhuteko bhat (भुटेको भात) – Nepalese
  • yakimeshi (焼飯) – Japanese
  • chǎofàn (炒饭(s); 炒飯(t)) – Chinese
  • chaufa – Peruvian Spanish
  • cơm chiên, cơm rang – Vietnamese
  • htamin gyaw (ထမင်းကြော်) – Burmese
  • khao pad (ข้าวผัด) – Thai
  • nasi goreng – Indonesian/Malay
  • sinangág – Tagalog
  • sinanlag – Cebuano
  • singlé násî - Kapampángan
TypeRice dish
CourseMain course
Place of originChina
Region or stateWorldwide
Main ingredientsCooked rice, cooking oil
VariationsBokkeum-bap
Chāhan
Chǎo fàn
Khao phat
Nasi goreng
Arroz chaufa, Peruvian-Chinese fried rice
Korean kimchi-bokkeum-bap

Fried rice is a dish of cooked rice that has been stir-fried in a wok or a frying pan and is usually mixed with other ingredients such as eggs, vegetables, seafood, or meat. It is often eaten by itself or as an accompaniment to another dish. Fried rice is a popular component of East Asian, Southeast Asian and certain South Asian cuisines, as well as a staple national dish of Indonesia. As a homemade dish, fried rice is typically made with ingredients left over from other dishes, leading to countless variations. Fried rice first developed during the Sui Dynasty in China and as such all fried rice dishes can trace their origins to Chinese fried rice.[1]

Many varieties of fried rice have their own specific list of ingredients. In Greater China, common varieties include Yangzhou fried rice and Hokkien fried rice. Japanese chāhan is considered a Japanese Chinese dish, having derived from Chinese fried rice dishes. In Southeast Asia, similarly constructed Indonesian, Malaysian, and Singaporean nasi goreng and Thai khao phat are popular dishes. In the West, most restaurants catering to vegetarians have invented their own varieties of fried rice, including egg fried rice. Fried rice is also seen on the menus of American restaurants offering cuisines with no native tradition of the dish. Additionally, the cuisine of some Latin American countries includes variations on fried rice, including Ecuadorian chaulafan, Peruvian arroz chaufa, Cuban arroz frito, and Puerto Rican arroz mamposteao.

Fried rice is a common street food in Asia. In some Asian countries, small restaurants, street vendors and traveling hawkers specialize in serving fried rice. In Indonesian cities it is common to find fried rice street hawkers moving through the streets with their food cart and stationing it in busy streets or residential areas. Many Southeast Asian street food stands offer fried rice with a selection of optional garnishes and side dishes.

Preparation

Cooking Chinese fried rice video

Cooked rice is the primary ingredient, with myriad additional ingredients, such as vegetables, eggs, meat (chicken, beef, pork, lamb, mutton), preserved meat (bacon, ham, sausage), seafood (fish, shrimp, crab), mushrooms, among others. Aromatics such as onions, shallots, scallions, leeks, and garlic are often added for extra flavor. Various cooking oils, such as vegetable oil, sesame oil, clarified butter, or lard can be used to grease the wok or frying pan to prevent sticking, as well as for flavor. Fried rice dishes can be seasoned with salt, different types of soy sauce, oyster sauce and many other sauces and spices. Popular garnishes include chopped scallions, sliced chili, fried shallots, sprigs of parsley or coriander leaves, toasted sesame seeds, seaweed flakes (gim or nori), sliced cucumber, tomato, lime, or pickled vegetables.

History

Main article: Chinese fried rice § History

The earliest record of fried rice is in the Sui dynasty (589–618 AD) in China.[2]

Varieties

East Asia

China

Yángzhōu chǎofàn in Hong Kong, the most popular Chinese fried rice
Yángzhōu chǎofàn in Hong Kong, the most popular Chinese fried rice

Main article: Chinese fried rice

Japan

Chāhan, Japanese-Chinese fried rice

Korea

Southeast Asia

Cambodia

Cambodian seafood fried rice
Cambodian seafood fried rice

Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore

Indonesian nasi goreng with chicken, fried egg, prawn cracker and vegetables
Indonesian nasi goreng with chicken, fried egg, prawn cracker and vegetables

Myanmar

Main article: Burmese fried rice

Philippines

Filipino sinangag, also commonly known as "garlic fried rice"
Filipino sinangag, also commonly known as "garlic fried rice"
Sinangág is rarely eaten on its own, but is usually paired with a "dry" meat dish like tocino, longganisa, tapa, or spam. Unlike other types of fried rice, it does not normally use ingredients other than garlic, so it does not overwhelm the flavour of the main dish. When they do use other ingredients, the most common additions are scrambled eggs, chopped scallions, and cubed carrots. Cashews might also be added. Sinangág is a common part of a traditional Filipino breakfast, and it usually prepared with leftover rice from the dinner before. It is one of the components of the tapsilog breakfast and its derivatives.[12]

Thailand

Main article: Thai fried rice

Khao phat thale, seafood fried rice
Khao phat thale, seafood fried rice

Fried rice (Thai: ข้าวผัด, RTGSkhao phat, pronounced [kʰâ(ː)w pʰàt]) in Thailand is typical of central Thai cuisine. In Thai, khao means "rice" and phat means "of or relating to being stir-fried". This dish differs from Chinese fried rice in that it is prepared with Thai jasmine rice instead of regular long-grain rice. It normally contains meat (chicken, shrimp, pork, and crab are all common), egg, onions, garlic and sometimes tomatoes. The seasonings, which may include soy sauce, sugar, salt, possibly some chili sauce, and the ubiquitous nam pla (fish sauce), are stir-fried together with the other ingredients. The dish is then plated and served with accompaniments like cucumber slices, tomato slices, lime, sprigs of green onion and coriander, and prik nam pla, a spicy sauce made of Thai chili, fish sauce, and chopped garlic.

Vietnam

South Asia

India

Nepal

Sri Lanka

Sri Lankan nasi goreng served with a fried egg
Sri Lankan nasi goreng served with a fried egg

Pacific

Hawaii

Americas

Arroz frito is a denomination used in the Spanish speaking world, meaning "fried rice", with adjectives describing the Chinese-inspired varieties, e.g. arroz chino, arroz cantonés, or local specialties arroz chaufa/chaulafán/chaufán/chofán, arroz frito tres delicias.

Ecuador

Cuba

Arroz frito, Cuban-Chinese fried rice
Arroz frito, Cuban-Chinese fried rice

Dominican Republic

An estimated 30,000 people of Chinese origin live in the Dominican Republic. Migration from China began in the second half of the 19th century. Fried rice alongside fried chicken (chicarrón de pollo) has been the biggest influence. Dominican fried rice is known as chofán. The dish is made with leftover white rice, celery, peppers, onions, carrots, peas, soy sauce and ham, chicken, eggs or shrimp sautéed in vegetable oil.

Peru

Puerto Rico

Africa

Nigeria

Nigerian fried rice is made with long-grain rice, protein (such as beef liver, chicken, pork, or shrimp), vegetables (such as carrots, peas, green beans, onions, and chillies), herbs and spices (such as thyme, pepper, and curry powder), and so on.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Bruce Kraig; Colleen Taylor Sen (2013). Street Food Around the World: An Encyclopedia of Food and Culture. ABC-CLIO. p. 183. ISBN 9781598849554.
  2. ^ "Chinese Fried Rice". iFood.tv.
  3. ^ "Szechuan Fried Rice". China Sichuan Food. 16 November 2014.
  4. ^ (in Korean) "볶음-밥". Standard Korean Language Dictionary. National Institute of Korean Language. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  5. ^ Kim, Keith (2012-03-29). "10 of Seoul's Most Famous and Popular Galbi Restaurants". Seoulistic. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  6. ^ Carter, Terence. "Cambodian Fried Rice Recipe – How to Make the Best Bai Cha". Grantourismo Travels. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
  7. ^ Dunston, Lara (14 September 2020). "Shrimp Fried Rice With Shrimp Paste Recipe for Cambodia's Bai Cha Kapi". Grantourismo Travels. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
  8. ^ "Resep Cara Membuat Nasi Goreng Jawa Pedas Lezat". fimela.com. September 9, 2017.
  9. ^ "Javanese Fried Rice - Kitchenesia". kitchenesia.grid.id.
  10. ^ "Nasi Goreng Kambing Ala Kebon Sirih".
  11. ^ "Crab Fat or Aligue Fried Rice". Kusina ni Teds. 3 July 2016. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  12. ^ a b Vanjo Merano. "Sinangag Recipe". Panlasang Pinoy. Retrieved 8 December 2014.
  13. ^ Goyal Siraj, Ashima (2015-06-15). "Express Recipes: How to make Mumbai style Tawa Pulao". The Indian Express. Retrieved 2019-08-18.
  14. ^ Gomes, Michael (2019-01-03). "How about some street food for brunch?". Khaleej Times. Retrieved 2019-08-18.
  15. ^ "Bhuteko Bhat – We All Nepali". weallnepali.com. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
  16. ^ "Fried rice". wordpress.com. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
  17. ^ "Sri Lankan Food: 40 of the Island's Best Dishes". Migrationology.com/. Retrieved 4 January 2016.
  18. ^ Cassim, Aysha Maryam (17 August 2016). "ශ්‍රී ලාංකික ආහාර සංස්කෘතිය වර්ණවත් කළ පෙර අපර දෙදිග රජබොජුන්". roar.media (in Sinhala). Roar. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  19. ^ "Bacon and Egg Fried Rice". Washington Post. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  20. ^ "Schezwan fried rice recipe - How to make schezwan fried rice". 4 August 2015.