Arroz a la cubana
Arroz a la cubana - Rice smothered with tomato sauce, plantains and a fried egg
CourseMain course
Place of originUnknown, possibly Spain
Serving temperatureHot
Main ingredientsRice, fried egg, tomato sauce

Arroz a la cubana (Spanish pronunciation: [aˈroθ a la kuˈβana]) ("Cuban-style rice") or arroz cubano is a rice dish popular in Spain, the Philippines, and parts of Latin America. Its defining ingredients are rice and a fried egg. A fried banana (plantain or other cooking bananas) and tomato sauce (sofrito) are so frequently used as often to be considered defining ingredients.[1][2]

Despite the name, the dish does not exist in Cuban cuisine and its origins are not definitively known.[3][4] It may possibly originate from a Spanish misinterpretation of common Cuban meals of eating rice with stews and a fried egg when Cuba was still a Spanish colony.[3][5]

By region

Spain

In Spain, a typical dish of arroz a la cubana consists of a serving of white rice with tomato sauce and a fried egg. Sometimes a plantain (plátano) is fried with the other ingredients.[6] In Catalonia, sausages frequently stand in for the plantains.

Philippines

See also: Silog

In the Philippines,arroz a la cubana has been eaten in the Philippines since Spanish colonial times.[7] Like in other versions, it comes with white rice, fried egg, and some ripe fried cardava or saba banana, sliced length-wise.[8][2][9]

It differs significantly from the Spanish and Latin American versions in that instead of a sofrito, it always includes ground meat (giniling, usually beef) in tomato sauce.[8] This component is typically cooked picadillo-style, with minced potatoes, carrots, raisins, peas, onions, garlic, and other ingredients in a tomato-based sauce seasoned with patis (fish sauce), soy sauce, and sometimes chilis.[9][10][2][11]

Peru

In Peru, it is common for the dish to consist of white rice, fried plantain, a fried hot-dog wiener, and a fried egg over the white rice.[6]

References

  1. ^ Ismael Sarmiento Ramírez, (2003), Alimentación y relaciones sociales en la Cuba colonial, Anales del Museo de América, ISSN 1133-8741, Nº. 11, pp 197-226 (in Spanish)
  2. ^ a b c Dumlao-Giardina, Rowena. "Arroz a la Cubana (Cuban Rice), The Philippine Way". Apron and Sneakers - Cooking & Traveling in Italy and Beyond. Retrieved 3 January 2024.
  3. ^ a b Valdéz, Laura L. (24 May 2023). "¿Por qué se llama arroz a la cubana?". La Voz de Galicia. Retrieved 6 January 2024.
  4. ^ MAD Foundation (2018). Ying, Chris (ed.). You and I Eat the Same On the Countless Ways Food and Cooking Connect Us to One Another. Artisan. p. 161. ISBN 9781579658403.
  5. ^ Cándido Hurones, (2009), Cómo freír un huevo. La innovación didáctica al servicio de la docencia universitaria, Entelequia: revista interdisciplinar, ISSN-e 1885-6985, No. 10, pp. 239-252 (in Spanish)
  6. ^ a b Recipe from Perú, using plantain
  7. ^ Antonio Quilis,Celia Casado Fresnillo, (2008), La lengua española en Filipinas: Historia. Situación actual, CSIC, Madrid. (in Spanish)
  8. ^ a b Ocampo, Selina. "Arroz à la Cubana". Pepper.ph. Retrieved 6 January 2024.
  9. ^ a b Merano, Vanjo. "Arroz a la Cubana Recipe". Panlasang Pinoy. Retrieved 3 January 2024.
  10. ^ Manalo, Lalaine. "Arroz a la Cubana". Kawaling Pinoy. Retrieved 3 January 2024.
  11. ^ "Filipino Picadillo". A Family Feast. Retrieved 3 January 2024.