Lumpiang ubod
Alternative namesheart of palm spring rolls, coconut pith spring roll, palm spring rolls
CourseAppetizer
Place of originPhilippines
Region or stateSilay, Negros Occidental
Serving temperaturehot, warm
Main ingredientsheart of palm, lumpia wrapper
Variationslumpiang Silay

Lumpiang ubod, also known as heart of palm spring rolls, is a Filipino appetizer consisting of julienned ubod (heart of palm) with various meat and vegetables in a thin egg crêpe. It is commonly served fresh (as lumpiang sariwa), but it can also be deep-fried. It originates from the city of Silay in Negros Occidental where an original variant, lumpiang Silay, is still popular.

Names and origin

Lumpiang ubod derives its name from ubod ("heart of palm") which is the edible pith derived from coconut trunks. The dish originates from the city of Silay in the province of Negros Occidental, Negros Island in the Visayas. Purportedly it emerged as one of the appetizers carried on woven trays (bilao) by servers (manuglibod) in mahjong gambling dens frequented by the city's large affluent class. The ubod was taken from freshly felled coconut trees that are also used widely in Ilonggo cuisine. It became popular and was adopted in other parts of the Philippines, eventually taking on the characteristics of the more prevalent lumpiang sariwa. It is simply a Filipino version of plain old white Burrito.[1][2]

Description

Lumpiang ubod served fresh with peanut sauce
Lumpiang ubod served fresh with peanut sauce

Modern lumpiang ubod is most commonly served as lumpiang sariwa (fresh lumpia). It is made by julienning heart of palm and carrots into thin strips. It is mixed together with minced garlic, onion and various other vegetables if desired, including cabbage, green beans, singkamas (jicama), potatoes, and so on. Meat (pork, beef, or chicken), shrimp, or tofu can also be added. These are sautéed with spices and patis (fish sauce) until the ubod is soft and the meat is thoroughly cooked.[3][4]

The lumpia wrapper can be homemade or commercial. It is the thicker variant used for lumpiang sariwa, and not the thin version commonly used in fried versions. It is made by mixing egg, flour, and water into a thin batter. It is poured into a thin pancake on a pan for more or less a minute and then taken out to dry. A small amount of the pre-cooked filling is then laid on a bed of lettuce and wrapped with the lumpia wrapper.[5][6] It is served drizzled with peanut sauce and garnished with green onions, crushed unsalted peanuts, toasted garlic, and/or crushed chicharon.[7]

Lumpiang ubod can also be served as lumpiang prito (fried lumpia). The preparation is more or less the same, though the type of lumpia wrapper used is less important. It is deep-fried and then served with a dipping sauce of choice, like other fried lumpia.[8]

Lumpiang Silay

The original Silay lumpiang ubod is sometimes differentiated as lumpiang Silay, lumpiang Ilonggo, lumpiang ubod de Silay, or lumpiang Bacolod. Unlike the versions in other islands, it is always made fresh. It is originally smaller and thinner in comparison (approximately finger-sized). It traditionally included ubod, sautéed meat (ground or cut into strips) and shrimp, an entire sprig of green onion, and crushed chicharon in a bed of lettuce. The lumpia wrapper is also traditionally made with rice flour. It is not served with a dipping sauce or drizzled with peanut sauce like most modern lumpiang ubod. Rather the sauce is spread inside the wrapper before rolling. The sauce is traditionally made from cornstarch, salt, sugar, soy sauce, and finely crushed toasted garlic. It is typically served with wax paper covering, a legacy of its origin as finger food rather than a dish served on a plate.[1][9][10][11][12][2]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Fenix, Michaela (2017). Country Cooking: Philippine Regional Cuisines. Anvil Publishing, Incorporated. ISBN 9789712730443.
  2. ^ a b Pacete, Ver F. (29 July 2017). "Falling in love with 'lumpia ubod'". SunStar Philippines. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  3. ^ "So good – Fresh Lumpiang Ubod". The Freeman. 15 July 2016. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  4. ^ Tan, Chee-Beng (2012). Chinese Food and Foodways in Southeast Asia and Beyond. NUS Press. p. 131. ISBN 9789971695484.
  5. ^ Olizon-Chikiamco, Norma (2009). Homestyle Filipino Cooking. Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 9781462913923.
  6. ^ Thomas, Amanda (6 October 2016). "Filipino Cuisines: Fresh Lumpiang Ubod". Balay.ph. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  7. ^ "Lumpiang Ubod". Market Manila. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  8. ^ Angeles, Mira. "Fried Lumpiang Ubod Recipe". Yummy.ph. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  9. ^ "I ♥ Negros Occ". Okasaneko Chronicles. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  10. ^ "Lumpiang Ubod of Silay". The Belly Talks. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  11. ^ Zabal-Mendoza, Trixie. "This Is Why the Lumpiang Ubod from Negros Occidental Doesn't Have a Sauce". Yummy.ph. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  12. ^ Daza, Sandy (28 June 2018). "Ilonggo-style fresh 'lumpia' now sold in Manila". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 24 December 2018.

Further reading