Top: A serving of paksiw na isda;
Middle: Inun-unan, a Visayan paksiw which does not include vegetables and is primarily spiced with ginger;
Bottom: Visayan-style lechon paksiw from Northern Mindanao
CourseMain course
Place of originPhilippines
Serving temperatureHot
Main ingredientsVinegar, fish sauce and spiced with siling mahaba
Similar dishesPhilippine adobo, kinilaw

Paksiw (Tagalog: [pɐk.ˈsɪʊ̯]) is a Filipino style of cooking, whose name means "to cook and simmer in vinegar". Common dishes bearing the term, however, can vary substantially depending on what is being cooked.

Pinangat na isda may sometimes also be referred to as paksiw, though it is a different but related dish that uses sour fruits like calamansi, kamias (bilimbi) or sampalok (tamarind) to sour the broth rather than vinegar.[1][2]


Paksiw refers to a wide range of very different dishes that are cooked in a vinegar broth. They include the following:

Ginataang paksiw na isda

Main article: Ginataang isda

A common variant of ginataang isda (fish in coconut milk) that adds vinegar to sour the broth. This variant combines the ginataan and paksiw methods of cooking in Filipino cuisine.[3][4][5]


Inun-unan or inun-onan is a notable Visayan version of the fish paksiw dish spiced primarily with ginger, as well as onions, shallots, pepper, salt, and sometimes siling haba chilis. Unlike northern paksiw na isda, it does not include vegetables and very little or no water is added to the broth. It is sometimes anglicized as "boiled pickled fish".[6][7][8] The name comes from the Visayan verb un-un or un-on, meaning to "stew with vinegar, salt, and spices."[9]

Paksiw na baboy

Paksiw na baboy, which is pork, usually hock or shank (paksiw na pata for pig's trotters), cooked in ingredients similar to those in adobo but with the addition of sugar and banana blossoms (or pineapples) to make it sweeter and water to keep the meat moist and to yield a rich sauce.[10]

Paksiw na dilis

See also: Pinais

A unique variant of fish paksiw made with anchovies (known as dilis in Tagalog and bolinaw in Visayan languages) that is then wrapped in a banana leaf. It is also known as inun-unan na bolinaw or pinais na bolinaw in Visayan-speaking regions.[11]

Paksiw na isda

Paksiw na isda is fish poached in a vinegar broth usually seasoned with fish sauce and spiced with siling mahaba. It also usually includes vegetables, commonly ampalaya (bitter melon).[3]

Paksiw na lechon

Paksiw na lechon, which is left-over spit-roasted pork (lechon) meat cooked in vinegar, garlic, onions, black pepper, and some water. The Luzon version adds ground liver or liver spread ("lechon sauce"), while the Visayan versions do not.[12][13][14]

See also


  1. ^ Riwada, Gae. "Pinangat na Bangus (Mangan)". Gae Riwada. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  2. ^ "Pangat na Isda (pinangat or Paksiw)". Filipino Dishes and Recipes. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  3. ^ a b Vanjo Merano. "Paksiw na Isda Recipe". Panlasang Pinoy. Retrieved February 2, 2017.
  4. ^ "Ginataang Paksiw na Galunggong". Life Made Easy. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  5. ^ "Ginataang Isda Recipe". Casa Baluarte Filipino Recipes. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  6. ^ "Inun-unan (Paksiw Bisaya)". Ang Sarap. December 2, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2017.
  7. ^ Eslao-Alix, Louella. "Inun-unan". Cebu Daily News. Retrieved February 14, 2019.
  8. ^ "Inun-Unan Recipe (Visayas Paksiw)". Recipe ni Juan. Retrieved February 14, 2019.
  9. ^ "inun-onan". Retrieved February 14, 2019.
  10. ^ Casa Veneracion. "Paksiw Na Pata Ng Baboy Recipe". Kusina Master. Retrieved February 2, 2017.
  11. ^ "Fish Stew in Banana Leaves". Chef Andrey's Kitchennette. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
  12. ^ Posadas, J. (2011). Etiquette Guide to the Philippines: Know the Rules that Make the Difference!. Tuttle Publishing. p. pt44. ISBN 978-1-4629-0046-6. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  13. ^ "Cooking Lechon Paksiw (Left-over recipe)". Cooking Like a Pro. Retrieved February 2, 2017.
  14. ^ Roces, A.R. (1978). Filipino Heritage: The Spanish colonial period. Filipino Heritage: The Making of a Nation. Manila: Lahing Pilipino Pub. p. 1153. Retrieved January 24, 2019.