Nilupak na ube (purple yam), kamoteng kahoy (cassava), and saba (plantain)
Alternative namesNilusak, Halaya, Haleya, Minukmok
Place of originPhilippines
Region or stateBatangas, Quezon, Calabarzon

Nilupak is a class of traditional Filipino delicacies made from mashed or pounded starchy foods mixed with coconut milk (or condensed milk and butter) and sugar. They are molded into various shapes and traditionally served on banana leaves with toppings of grated young coconut (buko), various nuts, cheese, butter, or margarine.[1][2][3][4] It is also known as nilusak, linusak, niyubak, linupak, or lubi-lubi, among many other names, in the various languages of the Philippines. It is also known as minukmok in Quezon.


The term nilupak means "mashed" or "pounded", from the Tagalog verb lupak, "to pound [into a pulp] (with a mortar and pestle)". It is also known as nilusak in Visayan regions with the same meaning.[5][6][7] They were traditionally pounded in large stone or wood mortar and pestle.

In Philippine Spanish, nilupak was known as jalea ("jam"), which became spelled as halaya, haleya, or halea in the native languages. This term is especially used for nilupak na ube, which is now more commonly known as ube halaya. Generally, however, the term nilupak is reserved for the variants made with mashed cassava or saba bananas. While the variants made from ube (purple yam) is known as halaya. Variants made from sweet potato and taro can be known as either halaya or nilupak. Regardless, nilupak and halaya are prepared identically, varying only in their main ingredients.[8][9][10]


Types of nilupak include the following:

See also


  1. ^ "Nilupak". Kawaling Pinoy. Retrieved April 23, 2019.
  2. ^ "Nilupak Recipe". Panlasang Pinoy. Retrieved April 23, 2019.
  3. ^ "Nilupak Recipe (Mashed Cassava)". Recipe ni Juan. Retrieved April 23, 2019.
  4. ^ "Nilupak with Pili (Cassava with Pili Nuts) Recipe". Retrieved April 23, 2019.
  5. ^ "Nilupak na Kamoteng Kahoy". Kitchen Delight a la Liza. Retrieved April 23, 2019.
  6. ^ "Nilupak". Hapagkainan. Retrieved April 23, 2019.
  7. ^ "Cheesey Nilupak de Balinghoy". Retrieved April 23, 2019.
  8. ^ "NILUPAK na UBE at GABI". Tagalog Kitchen. Retrieved April 23, 2019.
  9. ^ "How to make Nilupak – Cassava-Coconut Rice Cakes". Asian in America. Retrieved April 23, 2019.
  10. ^ "Nilupak Recipe". Pinoy Recipe At Iba Pa. Retrieved April 23, 2019.