Krating Daeng
TypeEnergy drink
ManufacturerT.C. Pharmaceutical Industries Co. Ltd.
Country of origin Thailand
Introduced1976; 48 years ago (1976)
Related productsRed Bull

Krating Daeng (Thai: กระทิงแดง, RTGSkrathing daeng, pronounced [krà.tʰīŋ dɛ̄ːŋ]; lit. 'red bull' or 'red gaur')[1] is a non-carbonated energy drink created by Chaleo Yoovidhya. The drink is marketed and sold primarily in Southeast and East Asia; its derivative, Red Bull, is available worldwide in 165 countries.[2]

Chaleo took the name from the gaur (Thai: กระทิง krathing), a large wild bovine of Southeast Asia. The logo of the drink underlies its branding, with two red gaurs charging at each other backdropped by a sun.[2]


Ad in Thailand "Mixing Krating Daeng with 35 degree liquor gives whiskey taste"

Krating Daeng was first devised in 1975. It contains water, cane sugar, caffeine, taurine, inositol and B-vitamins. It was introduced in Thailand in 1976 as a refreshment for rural Thai labourers. "At first it was not very popular...", says current CEO Saravoot Yoovidhya. "It was quite different from others in the market, and Chaleo focused first on upcountry markets rather than in the cities where other competitors concentrated."[2]

The working class image was boosted by sponsorship of Thai boxing matches, where the logo of two red bulls charging each other was often on display.

Krating Daeng has lost its leadership position in its home market of Thailand to M-150 and is now third in the country's energy drinks market,[3][4] down to possibly only 7 percent market share in 2014.[3]

Relation to Red Bull

In front of the Potala Palace, Tibet: a Red Bull-branded can of Krating Daeng is displayed.

The Thai product is from a different company than the global brand Red Bull as formulated by Dietrich Mateschitz, an Austrian entrepreneur.[5] Mateschitz was the international marketing director for Blendax, a German toothpaste company, when he visited Thailand in 1982 and discovered that Krating Daeng helped to cure his jet lag.[6] He worked in partnership with Chaleo's T.C. Pharmaceuticals to adapt the formula and composition to Western tastes.[7] Red Bull was launched in 1987. The two companies are often mistaken for each other, but they are separate entities focusing on different target markets running in conjunction with one another. Today, Red Bull GmbH is 51 percent controlled by the Yoovidhya family, who own the trademark for the drink in Europe and the United States of America.[2]




Health effects

Further information: Energy drinks § Effects

Back of Krating Daeng

By volume, Krating Daeng contains 33% less caffeine than Red Bull; Krating Daeng contains 32 mg caffeine per 150 ml bottle,[10] while Red Bull contains 80 mg per 250 ml bottle.[11]

Krating Daeng also contains taurine, glucose, and B vitamins.[10]

See also


  1. ^ "T.C. PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRIES CO., LTD. export product: COMPANY PROFILE". 2011. Archived from the original on 2016-10-25. Retrieved 2016-10-18.
  2. ^ a b c d Nivatpumin, Chiratas; Treerapongpichit, Busrin (2015-12-28). "Red Bull still charging ahead". Bangkok Post. Archived from the original on 2020-10-17. Retrieved 29 December 2015. (Subscription required.)
  3. ^ a b "Carabao aims to energise Thai IPO market". FinanceAsia. 2014-11-04. Archived from the original on 2015-06-29. Retrieved 2015-06-27.
  4. ^ "Thailand: Energy drink nation". Global Post. 2010-09-19. Archived from the original on 2015-06-30. Retrieved 2015-06-23.
  5. ^ "Red Bull's Origins". Archived from the original on 2008-10-12. Retrieved 2008-07-15.
  6. ^ ""Selling Energy", The Economist, 9 May 2002". The Economist. 9 May 2002. Archived from the original on 3 June 2008. Retrieved 15 July 2008.
  7. ^ Roll, Martin (2005-10-17). Asian Brand Strategy: How Asia Builds Strong Brands. Springer. p. 199. ISBN 9780230513068. Archived from the original on 2016-06-10. Retrieved 2012-09-24.
  8. ^ "Persita Tangerang – Kratingdaeng Indonesia".
  9. ^ "PSIM Jogja – Kratingdaeng Indonesia".
  10. ^ a b Krausz, Tibor (28 July 2018). "The Red Bull story: how world's top energy drink began in Thailand, but it took an Austrian to make it a global phenomenon". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 11 March 2019. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  11. ^ "Caffeine content Red Bull". Archived from the original on 7 February 2019. Retrieved 5 February 2019.