Various brands of Thailand's craft beer

Beer in Thailand was first brewed in 1933 when a licence was granted to the Boon Rawd Brewery, which still produces Thailand's best-known lager, Singha (pronounced "sing"), sold in standard (5 percent ABV), light (4.5 percent ABV), and draught versions.[1]

Singha's largest competitor is Chang beer, made by Thai Beverages, whose sponsorship of Everton F.C. saw its name and logo appear on the team's kit from 2004 to 2017.

The Thai Asia Pacific Brewery (TAPB) has brewed Heineken at its Nonthaburi plant since 1995, as well as Tiger, Cheers, and Cheers X-Tra (6.5 percent ABV). It is the Thai importer of Guinness and Kilkenny.[2]

Boon Rawd Brewery also makes Leo, a standard lager, and Thai Beverages Archa, a mass-market, non-premium lager. Boon Rawd Brewery also sold a global brand called Mittweida, but this was replaced by a beer brewed in partnership with InBev, Kloster. It also sells a 6.5 percent lager called Thai Beer.

Other Thai beers are Phuket Beer and Siam, both in Pathum Thani Province. Siam Beer exports Bangkok Beer abroad, but does not sell it in Thailand. Phuket Beer and Federbräu are the only Thai beers brewed in accordance with the German purity law, the Reinheitsgebot. Phuket Lager received the first gold medal ever for a beer from Thailand at the 2006 Monde Selection Awards.[3] Klassik beer is another local beer brewed in Pathum Thani Province.

Foreign beers are not very popular in Thailand, mainly because the government protects its domestic breweries by the imposition of import duties up to 60 percent.[4] In addition, all imported beer must bear an import sticker on the bottle cap. As a result, Thai brewers have entered into partnerships with Western brewers, such as Carlsberg's with Thai Beverages and Asahi's with Boon Rawd.


In the past, the economics of beer market in Thailand were stable but last year[when?] it grew due to innovation amongst Thai beer companies such as Singha, Chang, and others in an attempt to attract new customers.[citation needed]

Even though mainstream beer in Thailand is more than 80% and costs is 1.8 hundred thousand million.

Thailand has two big companies: Boon Rawd Brewery and Thai Beverages, with the following turnovers.

Thai Beverages:

Boon Rawd Brewery:

In 2018, the proportions were Leo 53%, Chang 38%, and Singha 5%.[5]

All the above reasons make us know why economics of beer market in Thailand are growing.

Craft beer

Label on a bottle of the well-known Thai craft beer Phuket says that it, indeed, was brewed in Vietnam, mostly due to strict laws on breweries

Two types of licenses are available in Thailand for would-be beer producers. Thailand's 1950 Liquor Act states that beer can only be made in a factory making more than 1,000,000 litres per year or in a brewpub producing at least 100,000 litres per year for sale on-site with no bottling permitted. Brewpub beers cannot be sold off-premises.[6] The finance ministry in 2000 ruled that, for either type of producer to be legal, they must be a limited company with capital of at least 10 million baht.[4][7] The maximum penalty for "home brewing" under the 1950 Liquor Act used to be 200 baht for making it and 5,000 baht for selling it. A new law passed by the National Legislative Assembly in December 2016 raised the maximum penalty for illegal production to 100,000 baht or a prison sentence of six months, or both. The maximum fine for selling illegal beer was raised to 50,000 baht.[8] To sell craft beers off-premises, one small brewer explained, "We have two choices: Either hire an overseas factory to make it or build a factory abroad on our own,..." and import it.[4]

Meanwhile, military-controlled ASEAN neighbour Myanmar, in January 2017, got its first craft beer microbrewery, "Burbrit". Its name is derived from "Burma" and "Britain", in recognition of British influence on Burma's brewing history.[9]

Thai industrial breweries


See also


  1. ^ "Beer and Alcohol Products". Singha Corporation Co., Ltd. Archived from the original on 12 June 2017. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  2. ^ "Background". Thai Asia Pacific Brewery. Archived from the original on 18 April 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  3. ^ "Phuket Beer Asian beer brand" (PDF). Phuket Magazine. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 April 2016. Retrieved 16 Mar 2015.
  4. ^ a b c Itthipongmaetee, Chayanit (22 January 2017). "THAI CRAFT BEER'S NEW STRATEGY: KEEP BREWING UNTIL LAW CATCHES UP". Khaosod English. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
  5. ^ ThaiBev vs Boon Rawd Trends of Beer Thai market. Retrieved 27 April 2018
  6. ^ "Craft support for craft beer" (Editorial). Bangkok Post. 4 February 2017. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  7. ^ Nikomborirak, Deunden (n.d.). "Thailand's competition law dead since arrival". Asian Correspondent. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  8. ^ "Boutique brewer faces jail". Bangkok Post. 22 January 2017. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
  9. ^ Corbin, Luke (1 February 2017). "Brewing anew in Burma". New Mandala. Retrieved 11 February 2017.
  10. ^ "About TROPBEVCO". Tropical Beverage Company. Archived from the original on 2015-04-30. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
  11. ^ "San Miguel Brewery Thailand". San Miguel Brewery Thailand LTD. Archived from the original on 2016-04-04. Retrieved 23 March 2016.