Homebrew beer
 The Beer Portal  
A beer keg

Introduction

At the Café by Édouard Manet, circa 1879
At the Café by Édouard Manet, circa 1879

Beer is one of the oldest and most widely consumed alcoholic drinks in the world, and the third most popular drink overall after water and tea. It is produced by the brewing and fermentation of starches, mainly derived from cereal grains—most commonly from malted barley, though wheat, maize (corn), rice, and oats are also used. During the brewing process, fermentation of the starch sugars in the wort produces ethanol and carbonation in the resulting beer. Most modern beer is brewed with hops, which add bitterness and other flavours and act as a natural preservative and stabilizing agent. Other flavouring agents such as gruit, herbs, or fruits may be included or used instead of hops. In commercial brewing, the natural carbonation effect is often removed during processing and replaced with forced carbonation.

Some of humanity's earliest known writings refer to the production and distribution of beer: the Code of Hammurabi included laws regulating beer and beer parlours, and "The Hymn to Ninkasi", a prayer to the Mesopotamian goddess of beer, served as both a prayer and as a method of remembering the recipe for beer in a culture with few literate people.

Beer is distributed in bottles and cans and is also commonly available on draught, particularly in pubs and bars. The brewing industry is a global business, consisting of several dominant multinational companies and many thousands of smaller producers ranging from brewpubs to regional breweries. The strength of modern beer is usually around 4% to 6% alcohol by volume (ABV), although it may vary between 0.5% and 20%, with some breweries creating examples of 40% ABV and above.

Beer forms part of the culture of many nations and is associated with social traditions such as beer festivals, as well as a rich pub culture involving activities like pub crawling, pub quizzes and pub games.

When beer is distilled, the resulting liquor is a form of whisky. (Full article...)

Refresh with new selections below (purge)

Selected articles - load new batch

  • Image 1The long-term heavy consumption of alcohol (alcohol use disorder) can cause severe detrimental effects. Health effects associated with alcohol intake in large amounts include an increased risk of developing an alcohol use disorder, malnutrition, chronic pancreatitis, erectile dysfunction, heart failure, atrial fibrillation,  gastritis, stomach ulcers, alcoholic liver disease, certain types of dementia, and several types of cancer. In addition, damage to the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system (e.g., painful peripheral neuropathy) can occur from chronic heavy alcohol consumption. Besides, an increased risk for accidents exist like car accidents and related injuries. Even light and moderate alcohol consumption increase the risk for developing certain types of cancer. In fact, a 2018 study confirms that no level of alcohol consumption is safe, even a little. Studies show that individuals with heavy substance use have a much higher risk of having other disorders. In this study methods used were a cross-sectional observational study, showing that people that used substances had the highest risk for five of the disorders studied.The long-term use of alcohol is capable of damaging nearly every organ and system in the body. The developing adolescent brain is particularly vulnerable to the toxic effects of alcohol. In addition, the developing fetal brain is also vulnerable, and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) may result if pregnant mothers consume alcohol. (Full article...)
    The long-term heavy consumption of alcohol (alcohol use disorder) can cause severe detrimental effects. Health effects associated with alcohol intake in large amounts include an increased risk of developing an alcohol use disorder, malnutrition, chronic pancreatitis, erectile dysfunction, heart failure, atrial fibrillation, gastritis, stomach ulcers, alcoholic liver disease, certain types of dementia, and several types of cancer. In addition, damage to the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system (e.g., painful peripheral neuropathy) can occur from chronic heavy alcohol consumption. Besides, an increased risk for accidents exist like car accidents and related injuries. Even light and moderate alcohol consumption increase the risk for developing certain types of cancer. In fact, a 2018 study confirms that no level of alcohol consumption is safe, even a little. Studies show that individuals with heavy substance use have a much higher risk of having other disorders. In this study methods used were a cross-sectional observational study, showing that people that used substances had the highest risk for five of the disorders studied.

    The long-term use of alcohol is capable of damaging nearly every organ and system in the body. The developing adolescent brain is particularly vulnerable to the toxic effects of alcohol. In addition, the developing fetal brain is also vulnerable, and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) may result if pregnant mothers consume alcohol. (Full article...)
  • Kölsch served in the traditional 200-millilitre (6.8 US fl oz) Stange glass
    Kölsch served in the traditional 200-millilitre (6.8 US fl oz) Stange glass
  • A bottling machine being used in 1945 as part of an Australian beer production operation
    A bottling machine being used in 1945 as part of an Australian beer production operation
  • A bag of wheat, often used as an adjunct
    A bag of wheat, often used as an adjunct
  • Pilsner Urquell, the world's first pale lager and ancestor of today's Pilsners
    Pilsner Urquell, the world's first pale lager and ancestor of today's Pilsners
  • A Kranz (wreath) of fresh Kölsch beer that is typically carried by a server ("Köbes"), containing traditional Stange glasses and, in the center, larger modern glasses.
    A Kranz (wreath) of fresh Kölsch beer that is typically carried by a server ("Köbes"), containing traditional Stange glasses and, in the center, larger modern glasses.
  • San Miguel Pale Pilsen
    San Miguel Pale Pilsen
  • Hofbräuhaus am Platzl, Munich
    Hofbräuhaus am Platzl, Munich
  • Bottled lambic beers
    Bottled lambic beers
  • Image 10"99 Bottles of Beer" or "100 Bottles of Pop on the Wall" is a song dating to the mid-20th century. It is a traditional reverse counting song in both the United States and Canada. It is popular to sing on road trips, as it has a very repetitive format which is easy to memorize and can take a long time when families sing. In particular, the song is often sung by children on long school bus trips, such as class field trips, or on Scout or Girl Guide outings. (Full article...)
    "99 Bottles of Beer" or "100 Bottles of Pop on the Wall" is a song dating to the mid-20th century. It is a traditional reverse counting song in both the United States and Canada. It is popular to sing on road trips, as it has a very repetitive format which is easy to memorize and can take a long time when families sing. In particular, the song is often sung by children on long school bus trips, such as class field trips, or on Scout or Girl Guide outings. (Full article...)
  • Image 11"In Heaven There Is No Beer" is a song about the existential pleasures of beer drinking. The title of the song states a reason for drinking beer while you are still alive. The song in German is "Im Himmel gibt's kein Bier", in Spanish, "En El Cielo No Hay Cerveza". It was originally composed as a movie score for the film Die Fischerin vom Bodensee, 1956, by Ernst Neubach and Ralph Maria Siegel. The English lyrics are credited to Joe Trolli and Frankie Yankovic.Atongo Zimba recorded a version as well as Clean Living.  The song was the inspiration for the title of the 1984 film and 1985 Sundance Film Festival winner, In Heaven There Is No Beer?, which also featured the song "Who Stole the Kishka?".  A version with different lyrics, titled "Es gibt kein Bier auf Hawaii" ("There Is No Beer in Hawaii") was performed by the German singer Paul Kuhn in 1963. (Full article...)
    "In Heaven There Is No Beer" is a song about the existential pleasures of beer drinking. The title of the song states a reason for drinking beer while you are still alive. The song in German is "Im Himmel gibt's kein Bier", in Spanish, "En El Cielo No Hay Cerveza". It was originally composed as a movie score for the film Die Fischerin vom Bodensee, 1956, by Ernst Neubach and Ralph Maria Siegel. The English lyrics are credited to Joe Trolli and Frankie Yankovic.

    Atongo Zimba recorded a version as well as Clean Living. The song was the inspiration for the title of the 1984 film and 1985 Sundance Film Festival winner, In Heaven There Is No Beer?, which also featured the song "Who Stole the Kishka?". A version with different lyrics, titled "Es gibt kein Bier auf Hawaii" ("There Is No Beer in Hawaii") was performed by the German singer Paul Kuhn in 1963. (Full article...)
  • Stamp issued in 1983 celebrating the history of the Reinheitsgebot, and also commemorating its 450th anniversary
    Stamp issued in 1983 celebrating the history of the Reinheitsgebot, and also commemorating its 450th anniversary
  • Horse Shoe Brewery, London, c. 1800
    Horse Shoe Brewery, London, c. 1800
  • Piwo z Grodziska, a modern Polish recreation of Grodziskie, brewed in Grodzisk Wielkopolski, served in a tall conical glass designed for this style of beer
    Piwo z Grodziska, a modern Polish recreation of Grodziskie, brewed in Grodzisk Wielkopolski, served in a tall conical glass designed for this style of beer

Selected brand - show another

Stones Bitter is a beer manufactured and distributed in the United Kingdom by the North American brewer Molson Coors. It is a bitter with a straw-golden hue. Stones Bitter was first brewed in 1948 by William Stones Ltd at the Cannon Brewery in Sheffield. It was designed for the local steelworkers and became successful in its local area, becoming one of Sheffield's best known products.

The brewing giant Bass Charrington acquired William Stones in 1968, and began to heavily promote the keg variant of Stones Bitter, which eventually became the highest selling bitter in the country. However the keg version was promoted at the expense of the traditional unpasteurised and unfiltered cask conditioned version. In the 1990s, the ABV of Stones was gradually reduced, and, as ale sales declined, Stones reverted from a national into a regional brand. Following the closure of the Cannon Brewery, Stones has been brewed at a number of different breweries. When Bass exited its brewing business, Stones became a Coors brand (later Molson Coors). (Full article...)

Selected biography - show another

Portrait by August Jerndorff
Portrait by August Jerndorff
Jacob Christian Jacobsen (2 September 1811 – 30 April 1887), mostly known as J. C. Jacobsen, was a Danish industrialist and philanthropist best known for founding the brewery Carlsberg. (Full article...)
List of selected biographies

Did you know (auto-generated) - load more entries

Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Selected brewery - show another

Brewery Hoegaarden.jpg
Hoegaarden Brewery (pronounced /huːɡaː(ɹ).dən/) was founded by Pierre Celis in Hoegaarden in Flanders, Belgium. Celis revived the witbier (white beer, see wheat beer) tradition in 1966 when he created a beer with the traditional ingredients of water, yeast, wheat, hops, coriander and dried Curaçao orange peel. After a fire in 1988, the brewery was bought by Interbrew and is now owned by InBev.
(Full article...)


Selected image - show another

A tray of beer in the Rothenbach brewery inn in Aufseß
A tray of beer in the Rothenbach brewery inn in Aufseß
Credit: Benreis
A tray of beer in the Rothenbach brewery inn in Aufseß

General images

The following are images from various beer- and brewing-related articles on Wikipedia.

Beer topics

Categories

Category puzzle
Beer
Select [►] to view subcategories
Brewing
Select [►] to view subcategories

Selected quote - show another

Water is drunk by the four legged beast; man prefers it with hops, malts, and yeast.


German Trinkspruch


Related portals'

Beer lists

Things you can do

This list is transcluded from the tasks list page, to edit, click here

This is a list of single time tasks that need action. Once you have completed them, please remove them from the list.


Here are some tasks awaiting attention:

WikiProjects

Projet bière logo v2.png

WikiProject Beer is an association of Wikipedians with an interest in beer and beer-related subjects. They have come together to coordinate the development of beer and brewery articles here on Wikipedia. Additionally, other groups have formed other projects that entertain subjects that are directly related to beer, bartending and pubs. Additionally, the mixed drinks project covers topics that include beer cocktails. If any of these subjects pique your interest, please feel free to visit their projects. These groups would love to have you participate!

Parent project: WikiProject Food and Drink
WikiProjects

        view
Child projects: Task forces: (All inactive)
Related projects:

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Sources

More portals

Discover Wikipedia using portals

Purge server cache