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Introduction

At the Café by Édouard Manet, circa 1879

Beer is one of the oldest types of alcoholic drinks in the world, and the most widely consumed. It is the third most popular drink overall after potable water and tea. It is produced by the brewing and fermentation of starches, mainly derived from cereal grains—most commonly malted barley, though wheat, maize (corn), rice, and oats are also used. During the brewing process, fermentation of the starch sugars in the wort produces ethanol and carbonation in the resulting beer. Most modern beer is brewed with hops, which add bitterness and other flavours and act as a natural preservative and stabilising agent. Other flavouring agents such as gruit, herbs, or fruits may be included or used instead of hops. In commercial brewing, the natural carbonation effect is often removed during processing and replaced with forced carbonation.

Some of humanity's earliest known writings refer to the production and distribution of beer: the Code of Hammurabi included laws regulating beer and beer parlours, and "The Hymn to Ninkasi", a prayer to the Mesopotamian goddess of beer, served as both a prayer and as a method of remembering the recipe for beer in a culture with few literate people.

Beer is distributed in bottles and cans and is also commonly available on draught, particularly in pubs and bars. The brewing industry is a global business, consisting of several dominant multinational companies and many thousands of smaller producers ranging from brewpubs to regional breweries. The strength of modern beer is usually around 4% to 6% alcohol by volume (ABV), although it may vary between 0.5% and 20%, with some breweries creating examples of 40% ABV and above.

Beer forms part of the culture of many nations and is associated with social traditions such as beer festivals, as well as a rich pub culture involving activities like pub crawling, pub quizzes and pub games.

When beer is distilled, the resulting liquor is a form of whisky. (Full article...)

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Pabst Blue Ribbon Beer as sold in the PRC in 2017.

China Pabst Blue Ribbon (Chinese: 蓝带啤酒; pinyin: Lán dài píjiǔ) is a brand of beer sold in China. It is produced, marketed and distributed by CBR Brewing Company, Inc., which is a Virgin Islands-owned holding company located in Hong Kong. It jointly owns the brand and breweries along with Guangdong Blue Ribbon Group under a sub-licensing agreement with the Pabst Brewing Company.

According to a Bloomberg Businessweek profile, the CBR Brewing Co. was established in 1988. (Full article...)

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Christina Nyman known as Madam Nyman (1719–1795) was a Swedish brewer. She was a major figure in contemporary Stockholm business life and known as a benefactor of culture. She is perhaps most known for establishing the Stenborg Theatre in partnership with Carl Stenborg (1784). She, as well as her brothers and nephews, belonged to the political allies of king Gustav III of Sweden among the merchant class, and he reportedly treated her as a valuable partner. (Full article...)
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Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc. is part of the world's largest global brewing company Anheuser-Busch InBev. In the United States, Anheuser-Busch is the largest brewing company in volume with a 48.8 percent share of beer sales. Worldwide, Anheuser-Busch's beer sales volume was 121.9 million barrels in 2005. The company is based in St. Louis, Missouri, United States. "A-B", as the company is often called, operates 12 breweries in the United States and several others overseas.

Anheuser-Busch's best known beers include brands such as Budweiser, Busch, Michelob, and Natural Light. The company also produces a number of smaller-volume and specialty beers, nonalcoholic brews, King Cobra and Hurricane malt liquors, and the Bacardi and Tequiza flavored malt beverages. (Full article...)


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A tray of beer in the Rothenbach brewery inn in Aufseß
A tray of beer in the Rothenbach brewery inn in Aufseß
A tray of beer in the Rothenbach brewery inn in Aufseß
Credit: Benreis
A tray of beer in the Rothenbach brewery inn in Aufseß

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Water is drunk by the four legged beast; man prefers it with hops, malts, and yeast.


German Trinkspruch


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WikiProjects

WikiProject Beer is an association of Wikipedians with an interest in beer and beer-related subjects. They have come together to coordinate the development of beer and brewery articles here on Wikipedia. Additionally, other groups have formed other projects that entertain subjects that are directly related to beer, bartending and pubs. Additionally, the mixed drinks project covers topics that include beer cocktails. If any of these subjects pique your interest, please feel free to visit their projects. These groups would love to have you participate!

Parent project: WikiProject Food and Drink
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