Bottle caps of Al-Shark (Al-Sharq) and Barada beer, manufactured in Shumen, Bulgaria in 1988

In Syria, the production and distribution of beer was[when?] controlled by the government, and most widely sold through the army's Military Social Establishment supermarket chain and through mini markets in city centres and Christian as well as Muslim areas. Beers imported from Lebanon are not common, although brands like Lebanese Almaza, Tuborg, and Beirut, as well as Turkish Efes are popular and available in hotels, restaurants and most shops in different parts of cities like Damascus, Aleppo, Latakia, Tartus and Qamishli. Production of the country's two local brands, al-Shark (from Aleppo) and Barada (from Damascus) was halted in 2011 due to the outbreak of civil war. A new brewery known as Afamia was opened in 2010 in Adra near Damascus. By the end of 2017, the Arados brewery was opened in the town of Safita in Tartus Governorate.

Beer brands and brewing companies

Barada beer

Ancient history

The Ebla tablets, discovered in 1974 in Ebla, Syria, and presumed to go back to 2500 BC, reveal that the city produced a variety of beers, including one that appears to have been named after the city "Ebla".[5]

See also


  1. ^ "Al-Chark Brewery". Archived from the original on 2005-05-05. Retrieved 2021-02-06.
  2. ^ "Barada beer". Archived from the original on 2005-06-01. Retrieved 2021-02-06.
  3. ^ "Like it did for beer, Syria tries to rebrand its government". The World from PRX. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  4. ^ Mounes, Maher Al. "Local brews make a comeback in Syria". Retrieved 2021-02-06.
  5. ^ Michael Dumper; Bruce E. Stanley (2006). Cities of the Middle East and North Africa: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 141. ISBN 1576079198.