Kaeng tai pla
Kaeng tai pla34.JPG
Kaeng tai pla in Bangkok
Alternative nameskaeng phung pla
TypeCurry
CourseLunch, dinner
Place of originThailand
Region or stateSouthern Thailand
Serving temperatureHot
Main ingredientsFish, vegetables, fermented fish viscera sauce

Kaeng tai pla (Thai: แกงไตปลา, pronounced [kɛ̄ːŋ tāj plāː]) is a curry of southern Thai cuisine. Its name is derived from tai pla, a salty sauce made from fermented fish entrails,[1] which gives the curry a strong smell and flavor.

This curry is usually served with fresh vegetables in a separate plate and eaten along with steamed rice.

History

Kaeng tai pla or kaeng phung pla[2][3] is a southern food and the famous dish from Phatthalung Province, but is also found in other Southern cities. The dish was mentioned in Thai historical records since at least the reign of King Rama II of the Bangkok period, more than 200 years ago. Kaeng tai pla is originally influenced by South Indian cuisine, as many ingredients (cooking spices) used to make it came across the Indian Ocean from that region. Historically, there have been constant interactions and exchanges between cultures (and cuisines) of South Thailand and South India, in particular the Tamil kingdoms including the Chola. The main ingredient of kaeng tai pla is “tai pla” or “pung pla” made from the stomach of the fish marinated in salt. Typically the fish entrails used are from catfish and snakehead fish, fermented with salt for about 10–30 days, before it can be seasoned with spices and used for cooking.

Ingredients

Close-up of kaeng tai pla
Close-up of kaeng tai pla

Kaeng tai pla is a highly spicy curry; it has a very intense umami taste. It is made mainly with fish and vegetables. Sometimes it includes prawns and certain variants use coconut milk instead of water.[4]

The usual ingredients of the dish can include bamboo shoots, eggplants, pea eggplants, yardlong beans and fresh chilies.[5] Other vegetables used alternatively are Parkia speciosa, baby corn, pumpkin[6] and also potatoes if bamboo shoots are not available.[7] In the past, only grilled catfish was used in the curry without the addition of any vegetables as the natural sweetness of cooked vegetables was not desirable.[8]

The other ingredients are tai pla sauce, which contributes greatly to its characteristic smell and taste, as well as both dry and fresh chili peppers, shrimp paste, turmeric, lesser galangal, lemongrass, kaffir lime zest and leaves, shallots and garlic.[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ Akkasit Jongjareonrak et al. Antioxidant activity of fermented fish viscera (Tai-Pla) from short-bodied mackerel, Faculty of Agro-Industry, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, 90112 Thailand
  2. ^ "ประวัติแกงไตปลา".
  3. ^ "แกงไตปลา".
  4. ^ Thai Hot Spicy - Kaeng Tai Pla (แกงไตปลา)
  5. ^ Kaeng Khae Kai (Katurai Chilli Soup with Chicken)
  6. ^ Tai pla curry
  7. ^ Fish Belly (Tai Pla) Curry
  8. ^ "Southern Thai Ancient Fermented Fish Innards Curry with Grilled Catfish (แกงไตปลาปลาดุกย่างโบราณ ; gaaeng dtai bplaa bplaa dook yaang)". Thaifoodmaster. 2017-06-26. Retrieved 2017-06-27.
  9. ^ "Southern Thai Ancient Fermented Fish Innards Curry with Grilled Catfish (แกงไตปลาปลาดุกย่างโบราณ ; gaaeng dtai bplaa bplaa dook yaang)". Thaifoodmaster. 2017-06-26. Retrieved 2017-06-27.