The west façade of the Naikaku Sōri Daijin Kantei (valley side), the official residence of the prime minister
The east façade of the Kantei

The prime minister of Japan is the country's head of government and the leader of the Cabinet. This is a list of prime ministers of Japan, from when the first Japanese prime minister (in the modern sense), Itō Hirobumi, took office in 1885, until the present day.

32 prime ministers under the Meiji Constitution had a mandate from the Emperor. The "electoral mandates" shown are for the House of Representatives, the lower house of the Imperial Diet, which was not constitutionally guaranteed to have any influence on the appointment of the prime minister.

The prime minister under the Constitution of Japan is designated from among the members of the National Diet, and appointed by the Emperor after being nominated by the National Diet.

The prime ministership of Prince Naruhiko Higashikuni, who was prime minister for fifty-four days in 1945, was the shortest in Japanese history. Shinzo Abe served the longest, with eight years over two non-consecutive periods.

The current prime minister is Fumio Kishida, who assumed office on 4 October 2021.[1] There are currently ten living former prime ministers. The most recent former prime minister to die, Shinzo Abe, was assassinated on 8 July 2022.[2]

From 1871 to 1885

The office of Daijō-daijin (太政大臣, Chancellor of the Realm of Japan) was the equivalent of what would become the office of prime minister. It was an ancient role which had been discontinued in the 18th century and briefly revived during the Meiji era.

Daijō-daijin (Chancellor of the Realm)

List of Daijō-daijin (Chancellor of the Realm) (1871–1885)
Portrait Daijō-daijin
Office
(Lifespan)
Term of office Mandate Party Government Emperor
Reign
start end duration
photograph Prince
Sanjō Sanetomi

三條 實美
(1837–1891)
13 September
1871
22 December
1885
14 years, 101 days None Meiji
Emperor Meiji
r. 1867–1912
(Meiji era)

The office of Daijō-daijin was abolished in December 1885 with the appointment of Itō Hirobumi in the new position of prime minister of Japan (内閣総理大臣, Naikaku Sōri-Daijin).

Since 1885

Prime ministers

List of prime ministers of Japan since 1885
Portrait Prime minister
Office
(Lifespan)
Term of office Mandate Party Government Emperor
Reign
Ref
Start End Duration
photograph Count
Itō Hirobumi

伊藤 博文
(1841–1909)
22 December
1885
30 April
1888
2 years, 131 days Independent
(Meiji oligarchy)
1. Itō I Meiji
Emperor Meiji
r. 1867–1912
(Meiji era)
[3]
photograph Count
Kuroda Kiyotaka

黒田 清隆
(1840–1900)
30 April
1888
25 October
1889
1 year, 179 days Military
(Army)
2. Kuroda [4]
photograph Prince
Sanjō Sanetomi

三條 實美
(1837–1891)
Caretaker
25 October
1889
24 December
1889
61 days Independent Sanjō caretaker
photograph Count
Yamagata Aritomo

山縣 有朋
(1838–1922)
24 December
1889
6 May
1891
1 year, 134 days Military
(Army)
3. Yamagata I [5]
1890
photograph Count
Matsukata Masayoshi

松方 正義
(1835–1924)
6 May
1891
8 August
1892
1 year, 95 days Independent
(Meiji oligarchy)
4. Matsukata I [6]
1892
photograph Marquess
Itō Hirobumi

伊藤 博文
(1841–1909)
8 August
1892
31 August
1896
4 years, 24 days Independent
(Meiji oligarchy)
5. Itō II [7]
Mar.1894
Sep.1894
During this interval, Privy Council chairman Kuroda Kiyotaka was the acting prime minister.
photograph Count
Matsukata Masayoshi

松方 正義
(1835–1924)
18 September
1896
12 January
1898
1 year, 117 days Independent
(Meiji oligarchy)
6. Matsukata II [8]
photograph Marquess
Itō Hirobumi

伊藤 博文
(1841–1909)
12 January
1898
30 June
1898
170 days Independent
(Meiji oligarchy)
7. Itō III [9]
Mar.1898
photograph Count
Ōkuma Shigenobu

大隈 重信
(1838–1922)
30 June
1898
8 November
1898
132 days Kenseitō 8. Ōkuma I [10]
Aug.1898
photograph Count
Yamagata Aritomo

山縣 有朋
(1838–1922)
8 November
1898
19 October
1900
1 year, 346 days Military
(Army)
9. Yamagata II [11]
photograph Marquess
Itō Hirobumi

伊藤 博文
(1841–1909)
19 October
1900
10 May
1901
204 days Rikken Seiyūkai 10. Itō IV [12]
During this interval, Privy Council president Saionji Kinmochi was the acting prime minister.
photograph Count
Katsura Tarō

桂 太郎
(1848–1913)
2 June
1901
7 January
1906
4 years, 220 days Military
(Army)
11. Katsura I [13]
1902
1903
1904
photograph Marquess
Saionji Kinmochi

西園寺 公望
(1849–1940)
7 January
1906
14 July
1908
2 years, 190 days Rikken Seiyūkai 12. Saionji I [14]
1908
photograph Prince
Katsura Tarō

桂 太郎
(1848–1913)
14 July
1908
30 August
1911
3 years, 48 days Military
(Army)
13. Katsura II [15]
photograph Marquess
Saionji Kinmochi

西園寺 公望
(1849–1940)
30 August
1911
21 December
1912
1 year, 114 days Rikken Seiyūkai 14. Saionji II [16]
1912
Taishō
Emperor Taishō
r. 1912–1926
(Taishō era)
photograph Prince
Katsura Tarō

桂 太郎
(1848–1913)
21 December
1912
20 February
1913
62 days Independent 15. Katsura III [17]
photograph Count
Yamamoto Gonnohyōe

山本 權兵衛
(1852–1933)
20 February
1913
16 April
1914
1 year, 56 days Military
(Navy)
16. Yamamoto I [18]
photograph Marquess
Ōkuma Shigenobu

大隈 重信
(1838–1922)
16 April
1914
9 October
1916
2 years, 177 days Rikken Dōshikai 17. Ōkuma II [19]
1915
photograph Count
Terauchi Masatake

寺内 正毅
(1852–1919)
9 October
1916
29 September
1918
1 year, 356 days Military
(Army)
18. Terauchi [20]
1917
photograph Hara Takashi
原 敬
Rep for Morioka
(1856–1921)
29 September
1918
4 November
1921
3 years, 37 days[†] Rikken Seiyūkai 19. Hara [21]
1920
During this interval, Foreign Minister Uchida Kōsai was the acting prime minister.
photograph Viscount
Takahashi Korekiyo

高橋 是清
(1854–1936)
13 November
1921
12 June
1922
212 days Rikken Seiyūkai 20. Takahashi [22]
photograph Baron
Katō Tomosaburō

加藤 友三郎
(1861–1923)
12 June
1922
24 August
1923
1 year, 74 days[†] Military
(Navy)
21. Katō To. [23]
During this interval, Foreign Minister Uchida Kōsai was the acting prime minister.
photograph Count
Yamamoto Gonnohyōe

山本 權兵衛
(1852–1933)
2 September
1923
7 January
1924
128 days Military
(Navy)
22. Yamamoto II [24]
photograph Viscount
Kiyoura Keigo

清浦 奎吾
(1850–1942)
7 January
1924
11 June
1924
157 days Independent 23. Kiyoura [25]
photograph Viscount
Katō Takaaki

加藤 高明
(1860–1926)
11 June
1924
28 January
1926
1 year, 232 days[†] 1924 Kenseikai 24. Katō Ta. [26]
During this interval, Interior Minister Wakatsuki Reijirō was the acting prime minister.
photograph Wakatsuki Reijirō
若槻 禮次郎
(1866–1949)
30 January
1926
20 April
1927
1 year, 81 days Kenseikai 25. Wakatsuki I [27]
Shōwa
Emperor Shōwa
r. 1926–1989
(Shōwa era)
photograph Baron
Tanaka Giichi

田中 義一
(1864–1929)
20 April
1927
2 July
1929
2 years, 74 days Rikken Seiyūkai 26. Tanaka G. [28]
1928
photograph Hamaguchi Osachi
濱口 雄幸
Rep for Kochi 2nd
(1870–1931)
2 July
1929
14 April
1931
1 year, 287 days Rikken Minseitō 27. Hamaguchi [29]
1930
During this interval, Foreign Minister Kijūrō Shidehara was the acting prime minister.
photograph Baron
Wakatsuki Reijirō

若槻 禮次郎
(1866–1949)
14 April
1931
13 December
1931
244 days Rikken Minseitō 28. Wakatsuki II [30]
photograph Inukai Tsuyoshi
犬養 毅
Rep for Okayama 2nd
(1855–1932)
13 December
1931
15 May
1932
155 days[†] Rikken Seiyūkai 29. Inukai [31]
1932
During this interval, Finance Minister Takahashi Korekiyo was the acting prime minister.
photograph Viscount
Saitō Makoto

齋藤 實
(1858–1936)
26 May
1932
8 July
1934
2 years, 44 days Military
(Navy)
30. Saitō [32]
photograph Keisuke Okada
岡田 啓介
(1868–1952)
8 July
1934
9 March
1936
1 year, 246 days Military
(Navy)
31. Okada [33]
1936
During this interval, Interior Minister Fumio Gotō was the acting prime minister.
photograph Kōki Hirota
廣田 弘毅
(1878–1948)
9 March
1936
2 February
1937
331 days Independent 32. Hirota [34]
Senjūrō Hayashi
林 銑十郞
(1876–1943)
2 February
1937
4 June
1937
123 days Military
(Army)
33. Hayashi [35]
1937
photograph Prince
Fumimaro Konoe

近衞 文麿
(1891–1945)
4 June
1937
5 January
1939
1 year, 216 days Independent 34. Konoe I [36]
photograph Baron
Kiichirō Hiranuma

平沼 騏一郞
(1867–1952)
5 January
1939
30 August
1939
238 days Independent 35. Hiranuma [37]
photograph Nobuyuki Abe
阿部 信行
(1875–1953)
30 August
1939
16 January
1940
140 days Military
(Army)
36. N. Abe [38]
photograph Mitsumasa Yonai
米内 光政
(1880–1948)
16 January
1940
22 July
1940
189 days Military
(Navy)
37. Yonai [39]
Prince
Fumimaro Konoe

近衞 文麿
(1891–1945)
22 July
1940
18 October
1941
1 year, 89 days Independent 38. Konoe II [40]
Taisei Yokusankai
39. Konoe III [41]
photograph Hideki Tōjō
東條 英機
(1884–1948)
18 October
1941
22 July
1944
2 years, 279 days Taisei Yokusankai 40. Tōjō [42]
1942
photograph Kuniaki Koiso
小磯 國昭
(1880–1950)
22 July
1944
7 April
1945
260 days Taisei Yokusankai 41. Koiso [43]
photograph Baron
Kantarō Suzuki

鈴木 貫太郞
(1868–1948)
7 April
1945
17 August
1945
133 days Taisei Yokusankai 42. K. Suzuki [44]
Independent
Prince
Naruhiko Higashikuni

東久邇宮稔彦王
(1887–1990)
17 August
1945
9 October
1945
54 days Imperial Family 43. Higashikuni [45]
Baron
Kijūrō Shidehara

幣原 喜重郞
(1872–1951)
9 October
1945
22 May
1946
226 days Independent 44. Shidehara [46]
Shigeru Yoshida
吉田 茂
(1878–1967)
22 May
1946
24 May
1947
1 year, 3 days 1946 Liberal 45. Yoshida I [47]
photograph Tetsu Katayama
片山 哲
Rep for Kanagawa 3rd
(1887–1978)
24 May
1947
10 March
1948
292 days 1947 Socialist 46. Katayama [48]
photograph Hitoshi Ashida
芦田 均
Rep for Kyōto 2nd
(1887–1959)
10 March
1948
15 October
1948
220 days Democratic 47. Ashida [49]
Shigeru Yoshida
吉田 茂
Rep for Kōchi At-large
(1878–1967)
15 October
1948
10 December
1954
6 years, 57 days Democratic Liberal 48. Yoshida II [50]
1949 49. Yoshida III [51]
Liberal
1952 50. Yoshida IV [52]
1953 51. Yoshida V [53]
Ichirō Hatoyama
鳩山 一郎
Rep for Tokyo 1st
(1883–1959)
10 December
1954
23 December
1956
2 years, 14 days Japan Democratic 52. Hatoyama I. I [54]
1955 53. Hatoyama I. II [55]
Liberal Democratic 54. Hatoyama I. III [56]
photograph Tanzan Ishibashi
石橋 湛山
Rep for Shizuoka 2nd
(1884–1973)
23 December
1956
25 February
1957
65 days Liberal Democratic 55. Ishibashi [57]
photograph Nobusuke Kishi
岸 信介
Rep for Yamaguchi 2nd
(1896–1987)
25 February
1957
19 July
1960
3 years, 146 days Liberal Democratic 56. Kishi I [58]
1958 57. Kishi II [59]
photograph Hayato Ikeda
池田 勇人
Rep for Hiroshima 2nd
(1899–1965)
19 July
1960
9 November
1964
4 years, 114 days Liberal Democratic 58. Ikeda I [60]
1960 59. Ikeda II [61]
1963 60. Ikeda III [62]
photograph Eisaku Satō
佐藤 榮作
Rep for Yamaguchi 2nd
(1901–1975)
9 November
1964
7 July
1972
7 years, 242 days Liberal Democratic 61. Satō I [63]
1967 62. Satō II [64]
1969 63. Satō III [65]
Kakuei Tanaka
田中 角榮
Rep for Niigata 3rd
(1918–1993)
7 July
1972
9 December
1974
2 years, 156 days Liberal Democratic 64. Tanaka K. I [66]
1972 65. Tanaka K. II [67]
Takeo Miki
三木 武夫
Rep for Tokushima At-large
(1907–1988)
9 December
1974
24 December
1976
2 years, 16 days Liberal Democratic 66. Miki [68]
Takeo Fukuda
福田 赳夫
Rep for Gunma 3rd
(1905–1995)
24 December
1976
7 December
1978
1 year, 349 days 1976 Liberal Democratic 67. Fukuda T. [69]
photograph Masayoshi Ōhira
大平 正芳
Rep for Kagawa 2nd
(1910–1980)
7 December
1978
12 June
1980
1 year, 189 days[†] Liberal Democratic 68. Ōhira I [70]
1979 69. Ōhira II [71]
During this interval, Chief Cabinet Secretary Masayoshi Ito was the acting prime minister.
photograph Zenkō Suzuki
鈴木 善幸
Rep for Iwate 1st
(1911–2004)
17 July
1980
27 November
1982
2 years, 134 days 1980 Liberal Democratic 70. Suzuki Z. [72]
Yasuhiro Nakasone
中曽根 康弘
Rep for Gunma 3rd
(1918–2019)
27 November
1982
6 November
1987
4 years, 345 days Liberal Democratic 71. Nakasone I [73]
1983 72. Nakasone II [74]
1986 73. Nakasone III [75]
Noboru Takeshita
竹下 登
Rep for Shimane At-large
(1924–2000)
6 November
1987
3 June
1989
1 year, 210 days Liberal Democratic 74. Takeshita [76]
Akihito
(Heisei)

Emperor Akihito
r. 1989–2019
(Heisei era)
Sōsuke Uno
宇野 宗佑
Rep for Shiga At-large
(1922–1998)
3 June
1989
10 August
1989
69 days Liberal Democratic 75. Uno [77]
Toshiki Kaifu
海部 俊樹
Rep for Aichi 3rd
(1931–2022)
10 August
1989
5 November
1991
2 years, 88 days Liberal Democratic 76. Kaifu I [78]
1990 77. Kaifu II [79]
photograph Kiichi Miyazawa
宮澤 喜一
Rep for Hiroshima 3rd
(1919–2007)
5 November
1991
9 August
1993
1 year, 278 days Liberal Democratic 78. Miyazawa [80]
photograph Morihiro Hosokawa
細川 護熙
Rep for Kumamoto 1st
(born 1938)
9 August
1993
28 April
1994
263 days 1993 New 79. Hosokawa [81]
photograph Tsutomu Hata
羽田 孜
Rep for Nagano 2nd
(1935–2017)
28 April
1994
30 June
1994
64 days Renewal 80. Hata [82]
photograph Tomiichi Murayama
村山 富市
Rep for Ōita 1st
(born 1924)
30 June
1994
11 January
1996
1 year, 196 days Socialist 81. Murayama [83]
photograph Ryūtarō Hashimoto
橋本 龍太郎
Rep for Okayama 4th
(1937–2006)
11 January
1996
30 July
1998
2 years, 201 days Liberal Democratic 82. Hashimoto I [84]
1996 83. Hashimoto II [85]
Keizō Obuchi
小渕 恵三
Rep for Gunma 5th
(1937–2000)
30 July
1998
5 April
2000
1 year, 251 days Liberal Democratic 84. Obuchi [86]
photograph Yoshirō Mori
森 喜朗
Rep for Ishikawa 2nd
(born 1937)
5 April
2000
26 April
2001
1 year, 22 days Liberal Democratic 85. Mori I [87]
2000 86. Mori II [88]
photograph Junichiro Koizumi
小泉 純一郎
Rep for Kanagawa 11th
(born 1942)
26 April
2001
26 September
2006
5 years, 154 days Liberal Democratic 87. Koizumi I [89]
2003 88. Koizumi II [90]
2005 89. Koizumi III [91]
photograph Shinzo Abe
安倍 晋三
Rep for Yamaguchi 4th
(1954–2022)
26 September
2006
26 September
2007
1 year, 1 day Liberal Democratic 90. Abe S. I [92]
photograph Yasuo Fukuda
福田 康夫
Rep for Gunma 4th
(born 1936)
26 September
2007
24 September
2008
365 days Liberal Democratic 91. Fukuda Y. [93]
Tarō Asō
麻生 太郎
Rep for Fukuoka 8th
(born 1940)
24 September
2008
16 September
2009
358 days Liberal Democratic 92. Asō [94]
photograph Yukio Hatoyama
鳩山 由紀夫
Rep for Hokkaido 9th
(born 1947)
16 September
2009
8 June
2010
266 days 2009 Democratic 93. Hatoyama Y. [95]
Naoto Kan
菅 直人
Rep for Tokyo 18th
(born 1946)
8 June
2010
2 September
2011
1 year, 87 days Democratic 94. Kan [96]
Yoshihiko Noda
野田 佳彦
Rep for Chiba 4th
(born 1957)
2 September
2011
26 December
2012
1 year, 116 days Democratic 95. Noda [97]
Shinzo Abe
安倍 晋三
Rep for Yamaguchi 4th
(1954–2022)
26 December
2012
16 September
2020
7 years, 266 days 2012 Liberal Democratic 96. Abe S. II [98]
2014 97. Abe S. III [99]
2017 98. Abe S. IV [100]
Naruhito
(Reiwa)

Emperor Naruhito
r. 2019–present
(Reiwa era)
photograph Yoshihide Suga
菅 義偉
Rep for Kanagawa 2nd
(born 1948)
16 September
2020
4 October
2021
1 year, 19 days Liberal Democratic 99. Suga [101]
photograph Fumio Kishida
岸田 文雄
Rep for Hiroshima 1st
(born 1957)
4 October
2021
Incumbent 2 years, 268 days Liberal Democratic 100. Kishida I [102]
2021 101. Kishida II
(R1) (R2)
[103]

Timeline

Fumio KishidaYoshihide SugaYoshihiko NodaNaoto KanYukio HatoyamaTarō AsōYasuo FukudaShinzo AbeJunichiro KoizumiYoshirō MoriKeizō ObuchiRyutaro HashimotoTomiichi MurayamaTsutomu HataMorihiro HosokawaKiichi MiyazawaToshiki KaifuSōsuke UnoNoboru TakeshitaYasuhiro NakasoneZenkō SuzukiMasayoshi ItoMasayoshi ŌhiraTakeo FukudaTakeo MikiKakuei TanakaEisaku SatōHayato IkedaNobusuke KishiTanzan IshibashiIchiro HatoyamaHitoshi AshidaTetsu KatayamaShigeru YoshidaKijūrō ShideharaPrince Naruhiko HigashikuniKantarō SuzukiKuniaki KoisoHideki TojoMitsumasa YonaiNobuyuki AbeHiranuma KiichirōFumimaro KonoeSenjūrō HayashiKōki HirotaKeisuke OkadaSaitō MakotoInukai TsuyoshiOsachi HamaguchiTanaka GiichiWakatsuki ReijirōKatō TakaakiKiyoura KeigoKatō TomosaburōTakahashi KorekiyoHara TakashiTerauchi MasatakeYamamoto GonnohyōeSaionji KinmochiKatsura TarōŌkuma ShigenobuMatsukata MasayoshiYamagata AritomoKuroda KiyotakaItō Hirobumi

Relations between Japanese prime ministers

Relations Japanese prime ministers
brothers 1. Nobusuke Kishi (older) and Eisaku Satō (younger)
grandfathers and grandsons 2. Nobusuke Kishi and Shinzo Abe
3. Ichirō Hatoyama and Yukio Hatoyama
4. Fumimaro Konoe and Morihiro Hosokawa
5. Shigeru Yoshida and Tarō Asō
great-uncle and great-nephew 6. Eisaku Satō and Shinzo Abe
father and son 7. Takeo Fukuda and Yasuo Fukuda
father-in-law and son-in-law 8. Zenkō Suzuki and Tarō Asō

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ "Fumio Kishida becomes Japan's 100th prime minister". Nikkei Asia. 4 October 2021. Retrieved 23 February 2024.
  2. ^ "Shinzo Abe: Japan ex-leader assassinated while giving speech". BBC News. 8 July 2022. Retrieved 23 February 2024.
  3. ^ 第1代 伊藤 博文 [1st Itō Hirobumi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  4. ^ 第2代 黑田 淸隆 [2nd Kuroda Kiyotaka] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  5. ^ 第3代 山縣 有朋 [3rd Yamagata Aritomo] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  6. ^ 第4代 松方 正義 [4th Matsukata Masayoshi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  7. ^ 第5代 伊藤 博文 [5th Itō Hirobumi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  8. ^ 第6代 松方 正義 [6th Matsukata Masayoshi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  9. ^ 第7代 伊藤 博文 [7th Itō Hirobumi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  10. ^ 第8代 大隈 重信 [8th Ōkuma Shigenobu] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  11. ^ 第9代 山縣 有朋 [9th Yamagata Aritomo] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  12. ^ 第10代 伊藤 博文 [10th Itō Hirobumi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  13. ^ 第11代 桂 太郎 [11th Katsura Tarō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  14. ^ 第12代 西園寺 公望 [12th Saionji Kinmochi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  15. ^ 第13代 桂 太郎 [13th Katsura Tarō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  16. ^ 第14代 西園寺 公望 [14th Saionji Kinmochi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  17. ^ 第15代 桂 太郎 [15th Katsura Tarō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  18. ^ 第16代 山本 權兵衛 [16th Yamamoto Gonnohyōe] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  19. ^ 第17代 大隈 重信 [17th Ōkuma Shigenobu] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  20. ^ 第18代 寺内 正毅 [18th Terauchi Masatake] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  21. ^ 第19代 原 敬 [19th Hara Takashi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  22. ^ 第20代 高橋 是清 [20th Takahashi Korekiyo] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  23. ^ 第21代 加藤 友三郎 [21st Katō Tomosaburō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  24. ^ 第22代 山本 權兵衛 [22nd Yamamoto Gonnohyōe] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  25. ^ 第23代 清浦 奎吾 [23rd Kiyoura Keigo] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  26. ^ 第24代 加藤 高明 [24th Katō Takaaki] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  27. ^ 第25代 若槻 禮次郎 [25th Wakatsuki Reijirō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  28. ^ 第26代 田中 義一 [26th Tanaka Giichi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  29. ^ 第27代 濱口 雄幸 [27th Hamaguchi Osachi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  30. ^ 第28代 若槻 禮次郎 [28th Wakatsuki Reijirō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  31. ^ 第29代 犬養 毅 [29th Inukai Tsuyoshi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  32. ^ 第30代 齋藤 實 [30th Saito Makoto] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  33. ^ 第31代 岡田 啓介 [31st Okada Keisuke] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  34. ^ 第32代 廣田 弘毅 [32nd Hirota Kōki] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  35. ^ 第33代 林 銑十郎 [33rd Hayashi Senjūrō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  36. ^ 第34代 近衞 文麿 [34th Konoe Fumimaro] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  37. ^ 第35代 平沼 騏一郎 [35th Hiranuma Kiichirō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  38. ^ 第36代 阿部 信行 [36th Abe Nobuyuki] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  39. ^ 第37代 米内 光政 [37th Yonai Mitsumasa] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  40. ^ 第38代 近衞 文麿 [38th Konoe Fumimaro] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  41. ^ 第39代 近衞 文麿 [39th Konoe Fumimaro] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  42. ^ 第40代 東條 英機 [40th Tōjō Hideki] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  43. ^ 第41代 小磯 國昭 [41st Koiso Kuniaki] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  44. ^ 第42代 鈴木 貫太郎 [42nd Suzuki Kantarō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  45. ^ 第43代 東久邇宮 稔彦王 [43rd Higashikuninomiya Naruhikoō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  46. ^ 第44代 幣原 喜重郎 [44th Shidehara Kijūrō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  47. ^ 第45代 吉田 茂 [45th Yoshida Shigeru] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  48. ^ 第46代 片山 哲 [46th Katayama Tetsu] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  49. ^ 第47代 芦田 均 [47th Ashida Hitoshi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  50. ^ 第48代 吉田 茂 [48th Yoshida Shigeru] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  51. ^ 第49代 吉田 茂 [49th Yoshida Shigeru] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  52. ^ 第50代 吉田 茂 [50th Yoshida Shigeru] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  53. ^ 第51代 吉田 茂 [51st Yoshida Shigeru] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  54. ^ 第52代 鳩山 一郎 [52nd Hatoyama Ichirō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  55. ^ 第53代 鳩山 一郎 [53rd Hatoyama Ichirō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  56. ^ 第54代 鳩山 一郎 [54th Hatoyama Ichirō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  57. ^ 第55代 石橋 湛山 [55th Ishibashi Tanzan] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  58. ^ 第56代 岸 信介 [56th Kishi Nobusuke] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  59. ^ 第57代 岸 信介 [57th Kishi Nobusuke] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  60. ^ 第58代 池田 勇人 [58th Ikeda Hayato] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  61. ^ 第59代 池田 勇人 [59th Ikeda Hayato] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  62. ^ 第60代 池田 勇人 [60th Ikeda Hayato] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  63. ^ 第61代 佐藤 榮作 [61st Satō Eisaku] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  64. ^ 第62代 佐藤 榮作 [62nd Satō Eisaku] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  65. ^ 第63代 佐藤 榮作 [63rd Satō Eisaku] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  66. ^ 第64代 田中 角榮 [64th Tanaka Kakuei] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  67. ^ 第65代 田中 角榮 [65th Tanaka Kakuei] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  68. ^ 第66代 三木 武夫 [66th Miki Takeo] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  69. ^ 第67代 福田 赳夫 [67th Fukuda Takeo] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  70. ^ 第68代 大平 正芳 [68th Ōhira Masayoshi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  71. ^ 第69代 大平 正芳 [69th Ōhira Masayoshi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  72. ^ 第70代 鈴木 善幸 [70th Suzuki Zenkō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  73. ^ 第71代 中曽根 康弘 [71st Nakasone Yasuhiro] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  74. ^ 第72代 中曽根 康弘 [72nd Nakasone Yasuhiro] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  75. ^ 第73代 中曽根 康弘 [73rd Nakasone Yasuhiro] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  76. ^ 第74代 竹下 登 [74th Takeshita Noboru] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  77. ^ 第75代 宇野 宗佑 [75th Uno Sōsuke] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  78. ^ 第76代 海部 俊樹 [76th Kaifu Toshiki] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  79. ^ 第77代 海部 俊樹 [77th Kaifu Toshiki] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  80. ^ 第78代 宮澤 喜一 [78th Miyazawa Kiichi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  81. ^ 第79代 細川 護煕 [79th Hosokawa Morihiro] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  82. ^ 第80代 羽田 孜 [80th Hata Tsutomu] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  83. ^ 第81代 村山 富市 [81st Murayama Tomiichi] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  84. ^ 第82代 橋本 龍太郎 [82nd Hashimoto Ryūtarō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  85. ^ 第83代 橋本 龍太郎 [83rd Hashimoto Ryūtarō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  86. ^ 第84代 小渕 恵三 [84th Obuchi Keizō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  87. ^ 第85代 森 喜朗 [85th Mori Yoshirō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  88. ^ 第86代 森 喜朗 [86th Mori Yoshirō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  89. ^ 第87代 小泉 純一郎 [87th Koizumi Jun'ichirō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  90. ^ 第88代 小泉 純一郎 [88th Koizumi Jun'ichirō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  91. ^ 第89代 小泉 純一郎 [89th Koizumi Jun'ichirō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  92. ^ 第90代 安倍 晋三 [90th Abe Shinzō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  93. ^ 第91代 福田 康夫 [91st Fukuda Yasuo] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  94. ^ 第92代 麻生 太郎 [92nd Asō Tarō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  95. ^ 第93代 鳩山 由紀夫 [93rd Hatoyama Yukio] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  96. ^ 第94代 菅 直人 [94th Kan Naoto] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  97. ^ 第95代 野田 佳彦 [95th Noda Yoshihiko] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  98. ^ 第96代 安倍 晋三 [96th Abe Shinzō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  99. ^ 第97代 安倍 晋三 [97th Abe Shinzō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  100. ^ 第98代 安倍 晋三 [98th Abe Shinzō] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  101. ^ 第99代 菅 義偉 [99th Suga Yoshihide] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  102. ^ 第100代 岸田 文雄 [100th Kishida Fumio] (in Japanese). Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  103. ^ "The Cabinet The 101st Prime Minister KISHIDA Fumio". Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 24 April 2023.