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Amazake
A cup of amazake
TypePlant milk
CourseDrink
Place of originJapan
Region or stateEast Asia
Associated national cuisineJapanese cuisine
Created byKofun period in Japan
Serving temperatureWarm, room temperature, or cold
Main ingredientsFermented rice
Several types of amazake from a supermarket
Several types of amazake from a supermarket

Amazake (甘酒, [amazake]) is a traditional sweet, low-alcohol or non-alcoholic Japanese drink made from fermented rice. [1] Amazake dates from the Kofun period, and it is mentioned in the Nihon Shoki. It is part of the family of traditional Japanese foods made using the koji mold Aspergillus oryzae (, kōji), which also includes miso, soy sauce, and sake.[2][3]

There are several recipes for amazake that have been used for hundreds of years. By a popular recipe, kōji is added to cooled whole grain rice causing enzymes to break down the carbohydrates into simpler unrefined sugars. As the mixture incubates, sweetness develops naturally.[4] By another popular recipe, sake kasu is simply mixed with water, but usually sugar is added.

Amazake can be used as a dessert, snack, natural sweetening agent, baby food, salad dressing or smoothie. The traditional drink (prepared by combining amazake and water, heated to a simmer, and often topped with a pinch of finely grated ginger) was popular with street vendors, and it is still served at inns, teahouses,[5] and at festivals. Many Shinto shrines provide or sell it in the New Year. In the 20th century, an instant version became available.

Amazake is believed to be very nutritious. It contains vitamin B1, B2, B6, folic acid, dietary fiber, oligosaccharide, cysteine, arginine and glutamine.[6] It is often considered a hangover cure in Japan.[7] Outside Japan, it is often sold in Asian grocery stores during the winter months, and, all year round, in natural food stores in the U.S. and Europe, as a beverage and natural sweetener.

Similar beverages include the Chinese jiuniang and Korean gamju. In grape winemaking, must – sweet, thick, unfermented grape juice – is a similar product.

See also

References

  1. ^ Goldbeck, David; Goldbeck, Nikki (October 1989). "Vegetarian Times" (146): 65. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ Shurtleff, W.; Aoyagi. A. 1988. Amazake and Amazake Frozen Desserts. Lafayette, California: Soyfoods Center. 69 + [52] pp.
  3. ^ Shurtleff, William; Aoyagi, Akiko (2021). History of Koji – Grains and/or Soybeans Enrobed in a Mold Culture (300 BCE to 2021): Extensively Annotated Bibliography and Sourcebook (PDF). Lafayette, CA: Soyinfo Center. ISBN 9781948436564.
  4. ^ "Amazake-Sweet Ambrosia". Mitoku. Retrieved 23 January 2010.
  5. ^ "Amazake". About.com. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 23 January 2010.
  6. ^ Belleme, John; Jan Belleme (2007). Japanese Foods That Heal. Tuttle Publishing. pp. 55–58. ISBN 978-0-8048-3594-7. Retrieved 13 May 2008.
  7. ^ "Restaurant Amazake in Hong Kong". diningcity.cn. DiningCity. Archived from the original on 31 December 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2014.