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Lalab platter with sambal
Alternative namesLalap
Place of originIndonesia
Region or stateWest Java, Nationwide
Created bySundanese people
Serving temperatureCold or room temperature
Main ingredientsVarious raw vegetables served with sambal terasi
Similar dishesNgapi yay, Nam phrik, Ulam

Lalab (Sundanese: ᮜᮜᮘ᮪, Lalab) or lalap/lalapan (Indonesian) is a Sundanese raw vegetable salad served with sambal terasi. It is a popular Sundanese vegetable dish that originated in West Java and Banten, Indonesia.[1]

There are no set rules on what vegetables make into lalab; in practice, all edible vegetables can be into lalab. However, the most common raw vegetables are cucumber, tomato, cabbage, lettuce, lemon basil, leunca, and long beans. While the blanched or boiled vegetables may include spinach, papaya leaves, and chayote. The dressing for this salad is usually sambal terasi, served directly from the stone mortar as a spicy dipping sauce for these assorted raw vegetables.[1]

Today, lalab is popular throughout Indonesia. It is usually served as a vegetable side dish next to the main course, such as ayam goreng (fried chicken), ayam bakar (grilled chicken), pepes, pecel lele (fried catfish), fried gourami, and many other ikan goreng (fried fish) or ikan bakar (grilled fish).


The history of lalab vegetables is obscure, due to lack of historical records. In the 15th century Old Sundanese manuscript Sanghyang Siksa Kandang Karesian it was mentioned the common flavours of food at that times were, lawana (salty), kaduka (hot and spicy), tritka (bitter), amba (sour), kasaya (succulent), and madura (sweet). These tastes are native flavours which mostly acquired from plants and vegetables.[2]


A bowl of sambal chili paste and lalab consists of lettuce and pohpohan leaves (Pilea melastomoides).

Originally, it was made from any available edible young leaves and raw vegetables known by Sundanese since ancient times. Today, though, most lalab consists of sliced cabbage, cucumbers, lettuce, green beans, yardlong beans, tomatoes, leunca, lemon basil, spinach, water spinach, pohpohan leaves (Pilea melastomoides), kenikir leaves (cosmos), cassava leaves, papaya leaves, chayote, and small, green eggplant. Sometimes, other exotic vegetables also are used, such as green, stinky petai, and jengkol beans.[3]

Although most lalab vegetables are only washed in cold water and served raw, some boiled, steamed, and fried variations are also available; for example, petai green beans can be served either raw or fried, while labu siam (chayote), water spinach, and cassava leaves are usually served boiled.

While most vegetables are served raw or simply boiled or blanched, the main flavouring agent is its dressing, the hot and spicy sambal terasi which is chili paste in terasi shrimp paste. Most of recipes revolved around specific recipe of sambals.[4]


Lalab of cucumber, lettuce and lemon basil, with fried eggplant, cabbage, tofu and sambal, as part of ayam goreng meal.

In Indonesian cuisine, lalab often served as garnishing or as vegetable accompaniment to the main meal of fish or chicken; such as ayam goreng (fried chicken) or pecel lele (fried catfish). Lalab is rich in vitamins, minerals and fiber. Daily consumption of fresh vegetables is good for reducing cholesterol levels and improving digestive health. Vegetables are also rich in antioxidants, which contribute to fighting free radicals, and have antiaging and anticancer properties. Several plants used in lalab also are believed to have certain medicinal properties.[5]

See also


  1. ^ a b Anita (2013-08-07). "Lalap Sambal Terasi - Sundanese Vegetables with Shrimp Paste Chili Relish - Daily Cooking Quest". Daily Cooking Quest. Retrieved 2017-12-23.
  2. ^ "Terungkap, Asal Mula Menu Lalapan |". (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2017-12-23.
  3. ^ "Lalab dalam Kehidupan Masyarakat Sunda". 20 Oct 2008.
  4. ^ "Lalab Platter With Sambal Terasi Recipe - Genius Kitchen". Retrieved 2017-12-23.
  5. ^ Khasiat Lalapan (in Indonesian) Archived 2011-10-11 at the Wayback Machine