Texas caviar
Dish of Texas caviar, served with basket of tortilla chips
Typesalad or dip
Place of originUnited States
Region or stateTexas
Associated cuisineAmerican cuisine
Created byHelen Corbitt
Main ingredients
Ingredients generally used
Similar dishes

Texas caviar, also called cowboy caviar,[1][2][3][4] is a bean salad consisting of black-eyed peas lightly pickled in a vinaigrette-style dressing, often eaten as a dip accompaniment to tortilla chips.[5][6]


Texas caviar was created in the U.S. state of Texas around 1940 by Helen Corbitt, a native New Yorker who later became director of food service for the Zodiac Room at Neiman Marcus in Dallas, Texas.[7][8] She first served the dish on New Year's Eve at the Houston Country Club. When she later served it at the Driskill Hotel in Austin, Texas, it was given its name, "Texas caviar," as a humorous comparison to true caviar, an expensive hors d'oeuvre of salt-cured fish roe.[9]


In addition to black-eyed peas and a piquant dressing, the dip can be modified by adding black beans, alliums like red onion, scallions, and garlic, hot or mild peppers, tomato, cilantro, corn, and spices like cumin and coriander.[10][11][12]

See also


  1. ^ "Home With The Lost Italian: Saddle up! Cowboy Caviar boasts bounty of veggies - News, Sports, Jobs - Minot Daily News".
  2. ^ "Texas Caviar serves as a dip, relish, side dish or entree". New Jersey Herald. 21 February 2018.
  3. ^ "What Exactly Is Texas Caviar?". Houstonia.
  4. ^ Published 11:50 a.m. ET June 4, 2018 (2018-06-04). "Don't let the Florida heat spoil your picnic". News-press.com. Retrieved 2019-02-02.((cite web)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ Fain, Lisa (28 December 2006). "Black-eyed peas for New Year's Day". Homesick Texan. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
  6. ^ "Texas Caviar". Saveur (121). June–July 2009. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
  7. ^ Minora, Leslie (27 October 2013). "The Zodiac restaurant at Neiman Marcus: 60 years strong, and why". The Dallas Morning News. Dallas, Texas. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
  8. ^ Bond, Courtney (January 2014). "Texas Caviar: A tasty get-rich-quick scheme". Texas Monthly. Austin, Texas. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
  9. ^ Harris, Joyce Senz (19 June 2010). "Try some Texas Caviar: Black-eyed pea salad a regional treat". The Dallas Morning News. Dallas, Texas. Retrieved 23 February 2014. She pickled the peas in a vinaigrette marinade and served them for New Year's Eve at the Houston Country Club. Only later, when she took her pickled black-eyed peas to Austin's Driskill Hotel, did the dish get the nickname of Texas Caviar.
  10. ^ Cooknik (2022-10-27). "Cowboy Caviar". AllRecipes.com. Retrieved 2023-01-29.
  11. ^ Diana Rattray (2022-02-25). "Texas Caviar Black-Eyed Pea Dip With Jalapeño Peppers". TheSpruceEats.com. Retrieved 2023-01-29.
  12. ^ Erin Merhar (2022-10-03). "Best Cowboy Caviar Recipe - How to Make Cowboy Caviar". ThePioneerWoman.com. Retrieved 2023-01-29.