Doubles
FOOD Doubles 2.jpg
Doubles
Place of originTrinidad and Tobago
Region or stateCaribbean, United States, Canada, United Kingdom
Created byEmamool Deen[1]
Serving temperatureHot
Main ingredientsCurry chickpea and bara
Other informationServed with: various chutneys, kuchela, and pepper sauce

Doubles is a common street food originating in Trinidad and Tobago of Indian origin. It is normally eaten during breakfast, but is also eaten occasionally during lunch or as a late night snack and popular hangover food for local Trinidadians.[2] Doubles is made with two baras (flat fried dough) and filled with curry channa (curried chickpeas) and various chutneys.[3][4][5]

Origins

Doubles as a dish was created in Fairfield, Princes Town, by Emamool Deen (a.k.a. Mamudeen) and his wife Raheman Rasulan Deen in 1936.[4][1]

It has been speculated that it was inspired by a northern Indian dish called chole bhature (or sometimes channa bhatura).[4] Chole bhature is made by combining channa masala with spicy chickpeas and bhature (poori), which is a fried bread made with maida flour, a common flour in Indian baking.[4]

Mamudeen used to sell the bara (flat fried dough) and channa (chickpeas) separately. When people buying these two items began requesting to double the bara in their orders the name “doubles” was coined.[2]

Preparation

Doubles can be served spicy, sweet, or savory. Condiments include spicy pepper sauce, kuchela, or green mango, bandhaniya (also known as chadon beni or culantro), cucumber, coconut, and tamarind chutneys.[5]

Cultural significance

Given the diversity of Trinidad, doubles is credited with its ability to "define and maintain symbolic boundaries of identification", and is considered an authentic standard of Trinidadian cuisine.[5] Doubles is a comfort food for displaced Trinidadians in major cities across the globe.[5] Its consumption has been credited with developing a "deep psychological imprinting" among them, and as such is considered culturally significant for how it encapsulated Trinidadian identity into such a simple and unique snack.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Mohan, Neki (28 June 2015). "Street food of Trinidad, Tobago gains popularity in South Florida". WPLG.
  2. ^ a b Trinidadian Doubles are the Best Cheap Eats in Brooklyn — Dining on a Dime. Eater. 22 December 2015. Archived from the original on 21 December 2021. Retrieved 9 November 2019 – via Youtube.
  3. ^ Mohan, Neki (28 June 2015). "Street food of Trinidad, Tobago gains popularity worldwide". WPLG. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d Deen, Badru (2013). Out of the Doubles Kitchen: A Memoir of the First Family of Doubles. Palmetto Bay, Florida: Caritrade. p. 2. ISBN 978-0615855363.
  5. ^ a b c d e Plaza, Dwaine (9 July 2014). "Roti and Doubles as Comfort Foods for the Trinidadian Diaspora in Canada, the United States, and Britain". Social Research: An International Quarterly. 81 (2): 463–488. ISSN 1944-768X.