Alternative namesWindmill cookies
TypeShortbread cookie, Biscuit
Place of originBelgium/France/Netherlands
Main ingredientsFlour, sugar, butter, pepper, cinnamon, ginger, cloves, cardamom, nutmeg
Speculaas spices: pepper, cinnamon, ginger, cloves, cardamom and nutmeg
Schuddebuikjes: Mini speculaas cookie topping, Netherlands, 2019

Speculaas (Dutch: speculaas, French: spéculoos, [spekylos], German: Spekulatius) is a type of spiced shortcrust biscuit[1] baked with speculaas spices originated from the County of Flanders territory in present-day Belgium, France and the Netherlands.[2]

Speculaas biscuits are usually flat and are often moulded to carry certain traditional images (see image on the right). They are particularly popular around the feast of St. Nicholas (Dutch: Sinterklaas). The oldest sources on speculaas also mention weddings and fairs. In recent decades, however, it has become normal to eat speculaas all year round, especially with coffee or tea, or with ice cream.

Speculaas is mainly made and eaten in Belgium, France and the Netherlands, as well as in the German Westphalia and Rhineland, Luxembourg. It is also highly popular in the former Yugoslav countries, as it is manufactured by the Croatian food company Koestlin. It can also be found in Indonesia where it is known as spekulaas or spekulaaskoekjes, and usually served at Christmas or on other special occasions.[3]

See also


  1. ^ Beelen, H.; Sijs, N. van der. "Speculaas - (gekruide koek)". Onze Taal (in Dutch): 2013–2021 – via etymologiebank.nl.
  2. ^ Larousse gastronomique (in French). Larousse. 2000. ISBN 978-2-03-560223-7.
  3. ^ "Resep Kue Zaman Penjajahan Belanda". i idntimes. Retrieved 26 May 2020.