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The Hot Brown was first served in Louisville's Brown Hotel
The Hot Brown was first served in Louisville's Brown Hotel

The cuisine of Kentucky mostly resembles that of traditional Southern cuisine. Some common dinner dishes are fried catfish and hushpuppies, fried chicken and country fried steak. These are usually served with vegetables such as green beans, greens, pinto beans (or "soup beans") slow-cooked with pork as seasoning and served with cornbread. Other popular items include fried green tomatoes, cheese grits, corn pudding, fried okra, and chicken and dumplings, which can be found across the commonwealth.[1][2][3]

In addition to this, Kentucky is known for its own regional style of barbecue.[4] This style of barbecue is unique in itself given that it uses mutton, and is a style of Southern barbecue unique to Kentucky.[5]

Although Kentucky's cuisine is generally very similar to that of traditional Southern cuisine, it does differ with some unique dishes, especially in Louisville where the Hot Brown and Derby pie (a variation of pecan pie, common throughout the American South), originated.[6][7]

In northwestern parts of Kentucky, burgoo is a favorite, while in southwestern parts of the state, regular chili con carne is a typical staple. In northern Kentucky plus Louisville and Lexington, Cincinnati chili is a popular fast food. Northern Kentucky and the Louisville area are also home to a pronounced German-American population, translating into northern-like preferences for beer and European sausages. However, the remainder of the state's cuisine tends to be thoroughly Southern, preferring breakfast meats like country ham, ground pork sausage and as their beverage of choice, the state's renowned bourbon whiskey. Some common desserts are chess pie, pecan pie, blackberry cobbler and bread pudding.

History

Pioneer and missionary author Timothy Flint[8] wrote that the Kentuckians ate persimmon, venison, wild turkey, sweet potato and "pies smoked on the table" washed down with maple beer and Madeira wine when game was plentiful, and "hog and homily" in lean times.

Food prices were low and money hard to come by in the intervening years between settlement and admission to the Union. Salt was quite costly, but sweeteners like honey and maple were more commonly available. Prices for staple foodstuffs such as beef, mutton, pork, geese, chicken, turkey, butter and flour are known from Gilbert Imlay's account.[9]

Homes in the frontier lands of Kentucky were often unfloored, the shelters ranged between humble lean-tos and more sturdy cabins. Only in the better cabins were hearths made with stone. Daniel Drake, a Cincinnati born physician, described his 18th-century Kentucky home:[9]

"I know of no scene in civilized life more primitive than such a cabin hearth as that of my mother. In the morning, a buckeye backlog & hickory forestick resting on stone andirons, with a Jonny cake on a clean ash board, set before it to bake, a frying pan with its long handle resting on a split bottomed turner's chair, sending out its peculiar music, and the tea kettle swng from a wooden 'lug pole' with myself setting the table, or turning the meat, or watching the Jonny cake..."

Thomas Ashe mentions salt bacon, squirrel broth and hominy in his report of a Kentucky dinner. According to Ashe the Kentucky pioneers rarely ate vegetables or fresh meat: "The Kentuckyan [sic] ate nothing but bacon, which indeed is the favourite diet of all the inhabitants of the State, and drank nothing but whiskey, which soon made him more than two thirds drunk."[9]

Notable dishes and recipes

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Kentucky burgoo served with mashed potatoes
Kentucky burgoo served with mashed potatoes
Bourbon balls

Ingredients

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Vegetables

Potatoes, corn, carrots, onions, turnips, parsnips, tomatoes, green beans, butter beans, peas, mustard greens, kale, scallions, sweet potatoes, yellow summer squash, zucchini, butternut squash, cauliflower, broccoli, mushrooms, cucumbers, asparagus, bell peppers (called mangoes by older rural Kentuckians[19][20]), banana peppers, cabbage, beets, eggplant, garlic and avocados.

Fruits

Blackberries, peaches, apples, watermelon, cantaloupe, pears, plums, grapes, cherries, pawpaws and persimmons.

Nuts

Walnuts, pecans, almonds, peanuts and cashews.

Grains

Oats, corn and sorghum.

Meats

Flavorings

Pit barbecue

See also: Barbecue in the United States and Pit barbecue

The Ohio River region of western Kentucky, Daviess, Henderson and Union counties (the area centering on Owensboro and Henderson) has developed a unique style of pit barbecue, featuring a heavy dose of vinegar-based sauces, often served with pickles, onions, potato salad and coleslaw. The three main meats used are chicken, pork and mutton. Burgoo is a specialty. Owensboro is home to the International Bar-B-Q Festival, which is a sanctioned barbecue competition.

Farther to the west, in the Purchase area, pit barbecue is primarily pork shoulder, with the unmodified word "barbecue" referring specifically to that meat. The other meats used in the Owensboro–Henderson area are generally available as well. Sauces are essentially identical in the two regions.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Hall's on the River". Hallsontheriver.com. Retrieved March 7, 2012.
  2. ^ "Ramseys". Ramseysdiners.com. Retrieved March 7, 2012.
  3. ^ "This page has moved".
  4. ^ "Bluegrass, Blues and Barbecue Region of Western Kentucky: Home". Bbbregion.org. Retrieved March 7, 2012.
  5. ^ "Ole Hickory Pit, old Western Kentucky tradition". Louisvillehotbytes.com. August 20, 2009. Retrieved March 7, 2012.
  6. ^ "The History of The Brown Hotel's "Hot Brown"". The Brown Hotel. Archived from the original on August 22, 2009.
  7. ^ "Derby-Pie". Kern's Kitchen. Retrieved March 7, 2012.
  8. ^ "Timothy Flint (Flint, Timothy, 1780-1840) | The Online Books Page". onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu. Retrieved March 29, 2021.
  9. ^ a b c Moore, Arthur K. (1957). The Frontier Mind: A Cultural Analysis of the Kentucky Frontiersman. University of Kentucky Press. pp. 58–60.
  10. ^ a b Shockley, Jenn (March 3, 2016). "These 15 Iconic Foods In Kentucky Will Have Your Mouth Watering". OnlyInYourState. Retrieved April 9, 2020.
  11. ^ Lawrence, D. Cameron (2007). "Chocolate Helps the Bourbon Go Down". npr.org. Retrieved January 26, 2022.
  12. ^ Green, Sarah (2013). "Kentucky Burgoo: America's best regional food?". USA Today. Retrieved January 26, 2022.
  13. ^ Krishna, Priya (2022). "The History of Burgoo, the Kentucky Derby's Traditional Dish". TastingTable.com. Retrieved January 26, 2022.
  14. ^ "Hot Brown Recipe". The Brown Hotel. Archived from the original on August 28, 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-03.
  15. ^ Alvey, R. Gerald. Kentucky Bluegrass Country. University Press of Mississippi, 1992.
  16. ^ "Louisville Chili". Just A Pinch Recipes. Retrieved March 29, 2021.
  17. ^ "The Mint Julep". Kentucky Derby. Archived from the original on December 8, 2006. Retrieved December 3, 2006.
  18. ^ Rick Howlett (July 21, 2012). "The Modjeska: A Star On Stage, Sweetly Remembered". Weekend Edition Saturday. NPR.
  19. ^ "A Way with Words | When is a Bell Pepper a Mango? (minicast)". www.waywordradio.org. August 18, 2008. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  20. ^ "Q&a". The New York Times. May 9, 1984. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 6, 2019.

Sources