Breckinridge County
Breckinridge County, Kentucky courthouse in Hardinsburg
Breckinridge County, Kentucky courthouse in Hardinsburg
Map of Kentucky highlighting Breckinridge County
Location within the U.S. state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 37°46′N 86°26′W / 37.77°N 86.43°W / 37.77; -86.43
Country United States
State Kentucky
Founded1799
Named forJohn Breckinridge
SeatHardinsburg
Largest cityHardinsburg
Area
 • Total586 sq mi (1,520 km2)
 • Land567 sq mi (1,470 km2)
 • Water18 sq mi (50 km2)  3.2%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total20,432
 • Estimate 
(2021)
20,651 Increase
 • Density35/sq mi (13/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district2nd
Websitewww.breckinridgecounty.net

Breckinridge County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Kentucky. As of the 2020 census, the population was 20,432.[1] Its county seat is Hardinsburg, Kentucky.[2] The county was named for John Breckinridge (1760–1806), a Kentucky Attorney General, state legislator, United States Senator, and United States Attorney General.[3][4] It was the 38th Kentucky county in order of formation.[5] Breckinridge County is now a wet county, following a local option election on January 29, 2013, but it had been a dry county for the previous 105 years.

History

The area presently bounded by Kentucky state lines was a part of the U.S. State of Virginia, known as Kentucky County when the British colonies separated themselves in the American Revolutionary War. In 1780, the Virginia legislature divided the previous Kentucky County into three smaller units: Fayette, Jefferson, and Lincoln. In 1791, this area was separated into the State of Kentucky; it became effective on June 1, 1792. From that time, the original three counties were divided several times. A portion of Jefferson County was split off as Nelson County in 1784; a portion of Nelson was split off as Hardin County in 1792; the present Breckinridge County was split off from Hardin in 1799.

In August 1779, Sinclair Hardin (first cousin of Captain William Hardin, the founder of Hardin's Fort), was killed by Shawnee Indians while taking a drink at Big Springs. He was the first white settler in Breckinridge County to be killed by Native Americans.[6][7] The Indian threat continued for several years. However, the only sizable expedition against the Native Americans that Breckinridge County settlers took part in culminated in the Battle of Saline Creek in August 1786, in Illinois.[6][7] The battle only lasted a few minutes, with fierce hand-to-hand combat. Between 18 and 30 Shawnee warriors were killed, with six more wounded. The remainder of the Shawnee fled. Captain William Hardin had commanded the Kentucky volunteers, many of whom also were killed or wounded. Hardin's militia brought home 16 Shawnee scalps, nine captured horses, 17 muskets, and "a mighty nice sword".[7]

The Judge-Executive of Breckinridge County from 1801 to 1805 was William Comstock. Jo Allen was the county clerk, and Ben Huff was the sheriff.[8]

During the American Civil War, raiding Kentucky Confederate cavalry burned the courthouse, as it was being used by Union troops as a barracks, though most of the records were saved. On March 12, 1865, Jerome Clarke, a well known Confederate guerrilla, claimed by some to have been Sue Munday, was captured near the Breckinridge–Meade County line.[9] He was hanged three days later in Louisville.[10] Afterward, his trial drew heavy criticism.

During the nineteenth century, the Victoria Coal Mines, named in honor of British Queen Victoria, were the first to produce coal oil, and Cloverport exported it to Great Britain, where it was used to light Buckingham Palace.

United States Supreme Court Justice Wiley Blount Rutledge Jr., who served on the High Court from 1943 to 1949, was born at Tar Springs in 1894, when his father was pastor of Cloverport Baptist Church.

On June 6, 1932, at Hardinsburg, Sam Jennings became the penultimate person to be publicly executed in the United States.

In the 1950s, Rough River Dam State Resort Park was developed at the southern border of the county.

A third courthouse fire nearly destroyed county records in 1958.

Breckinridge County High School won the 1965 and 1995 Kentucky High School Athletic Association's Boys' Basketball tournaments.

The Breckinridge County Archives, formed in 1984, was the first state-funded archival repository in the history of the United States and is known across the nation as an excellent resource for genealogical and historical research.[citation needed]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 586 square miles (1,520 km2), of which 567 square miles (1,470 km2) is land and 18 square miles (47 km2) (3.2%) is water.[11]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18103,430
18207,485118.2%
18307,345−1.9%
18408,94421.8%
185010,59318.4%
186013,23625.0%
187013,4401.5%
188017,48630.1%
189021,03420.3%
190020,534−2.4%
191021,0342.4%
192019,652−6.6%
193017,368−11.6%
194017,7442.2%
195015,528−12.5%
196014,734−5.1%
197014,7890.4%
198016,86114.0%
199016,312−3.3%
200018,64814.3%
201020,0597.6%
202020,4321.9%
2021 (est.)20,651[12]1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
1790-1960[14] 1900-1990[15]
1990-2000[16] 2010-2020[1]

As of the census of 2000, there were 18,648 people, 7,324 households, and 5,309 families residing in the county. The population density was 33 per square mile (13/km2). There were 9,890 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (6.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.84% White, 2.86% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. 0.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,324 households, out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.60% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.90% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,554, and the median income for a family was $36,575. Males had a median income of $31,004 versus $19,371 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,402. About 11.80% of families and 15.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.60% of those under age 18 and 19.00% of those age 65 or over.

Education

K-12 education

School districts include:[17]

It also has a private school:

Library

Breckinridge County Public Library is located at 308 Old Highway 60 in Hardinsburg, Kentucky.

Communities

Incorporated Communities

Unincorporated Communities A–L

Unincorporated Communities M–Z

Notable natives

Politics

United States presidential election results for Breckinridge County, Kentucky[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 7,701 75.49% 2,350 23.04% 150 1.47%
2016 6,484 73.90% 1,960 22.34% 330 3.76%
2012 5,025 63.06% 2,825 35.45% 119 1.49%
2008 5,281 61.97% 3,110 36.49% 131 1.54%
2004 5,580 65.49% 2,884 33.85% 56 0.66%
2000 4,763 63.91% 2,595 34.82% 95 1.27%
1996 3,151 46.36% 2,956 43.49% 690 10.15%
1992 2,941 41.94% 3,113 44.39% 959 13.67%
1988 3,841 57.99% 2,765 41.75% 17 0.26%
1984 4,432 62.14% 2,669 37.42% 31 0.43%
1980 3,629 52.66% 3,163 45.90% 99 1.44%
1976 2,698 44.15% 3,347 54.77% 66 1.08%
1972 3,574 64.25% 1,921 34.53% 68 1.22%
1968 2,779 47.32% 2,024 34.46% 1,070 18.22%
1964 2,167 36.66% 3,733 63.15% 11 0.19%
1960 3,979 55.92% 3,136 44.08% 0 0.00%
1956 3,784 56.72% 2,867 42.98% 20 0.30%
1952 3,078 51.98% 2,828 47.75% 16 0.27%
1948 2,407 46.38% 2,623 50.54% 160 3.08%
1944 3,292 52.94% 2,889 46.46% 37 0.60%
1940 3,258 49.43% 3,296 50.01% 37 0.56%
1936 2,898 46.55% 3,233 51.94% 94 1.51%
1932 3,237 45.69% 3,814 53.83% 34 0.48%
1928 4,783 61.53% 2,987 38.43% 3 0.04%
1924 3,832 53.37% 3,230 44.99% 118 1.64%
1920 4,368 53.93% 3,702 45.71% 29 0.36%
1916 2,549 53.23% 2,172 45.35% 68 1.42%
1912 1,163 25.91% 1,967 43.82% 1,359 30.27%

See also

Coordinates: 37°46′N 86°26′W / 37.77°N 86.43°W / 37.77; -86.43

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 8, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on June 15, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Vol. 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 34.
  4. ^ "Brekinridge County". The Kentucky Encyclopedia. 2000. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  5. ^ Collins, Lewis (1882). Collins' Historical Sketches of Kentucky: History of Kentucky, Vol. 2. Collins & Co. p. 26.
  6. ^ a b Jolly, Henry C. April 25, 1902. "Interesting History of Indian Bill Hardin". The Breckinridge Democrat.
  7. ^ a b c Perrin, W.H. 1885. A History of the State of Kentucky. pp. 1039–1042; 1081, 1082. Retrieved from [1] and [2]
  8. ^ Breckinridge Bicentennial Committee Program. Accessed from Breckinridge Historical Archives.
  9. ^ Kentucky Historical Marker No. 536.
  10. ^ Kentucky Historical Marker No. 540.
  11. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 12, 2014.
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved September 8, 2022.
  13. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 12, 2014.
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 12, 2014.
  15. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 12, 2014.
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 12, 2014.
  17. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Breckinridge County, KY" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2022. - Text list - For more detailed boundaries of the independent school districts see: "Appendix B: Maps Of Independent School Districts In Operation In FY 2014-FY 2015 Using 2005 Tax District Boundaries – Cloverport ISD" (PDF). Research Report No. 415 – Kentucky's Independent School Districts: A Primer. Frankfort, KY: Office of Education Accountability, Legislative Research Commission. September 15, 2015. p. 98 (PDF p. 112/174).
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved June 29, 2018.