Cumberland County
Cumberland County courthouse in Burkesville
Cumberland County courthouse in Burkesville
Map of Kentucky highlighting Cumberland County
Location within the U.S. state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 36°47′N 85°23′W / 36.78°N 85.39°W / 36.78; -85.39
Country United States
State Kentucky
Founded1798
Named forCumberland River
SeatBurkesville
Largest cityBurkesville
Area
 • Total311 sq mi (810 km2)
 • Land305 sq mi (790 km2)
 • Water5.7 sq mi (15 km2)  1.8%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total5,888 Decrease
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.cumberlandcounty.com

Cumberland County is a county located in the Pennyroyal Plateau region of the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,856.[1] Its county seat is Burkesville.[2] The county was formed in 1798 and named for the Cumberland River, which in turn may have been named after the Duke of Cumberland[3] or the English county of Cumberland.[4]

History

Cumberland County was created in 1798 from land given by Green County.[5] In 1829, the first commercial oil well in the United States was dug three miles north of Burkesville. It is usually not recognized as a commercial well because the drillers were looking for salt brine, but the oil was bottled and sold.

It was the first county in the United States to elect a female sheriff, Pearl Carter Pace.

Burkesville is the first town downstream from Wolf Creek Dam, so it is considered flood-proof, but there have been concerns about leaks at the dam. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers completed repairs in 2013.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 311 square miles (810 km2), of which 305 square miles (790 km2) is land and 5.7 square miles (15 km2) (1.8%) is water.[6] Major waterways include the Cumberland River and a small branch of Dale Hollow Lake which covers the southern end of the county.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18003,284
18106,19188.5%
18208,05830.2%
18308,6247.0%
18406,090−29.4%
18507,00515.0%
18607,3404.8%
18707,6904.8%
18808,89415.7%
18908,452−5.0%
19008,9626.0%
19109,8469.9%
192010,6488.1%
193010,204−4.2%
194011,92316.8%
19509,309−21.9%
19607,835−15.8%
19706,850−12.6%
19807,2896.4%
19906,784−6.9%
20007,1475.4%
20106,856−4.1%
20205,888−14.1%
2021 (est.)5,879−0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2021[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 7,147 people, 2,976 households, and 2,038 families residing in the county. The population density was 23 per square mile (8.9/km2). There were 3,567 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (4.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.28% White, 3.41% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.04% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. 0.60% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,976 households, out of which 29.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.50% were non-families. 28.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.60% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $21,572, and the median income for a family was $28,701. Males had a median income of $21,313 versus $16,548 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,643. About 16.40% of families and 23.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.30% of those under age 18 and 33.00% of those age 65 or over.

Ancestry/ethnicity

As of 2017 the largest self-identified ancestry groups/ethnic groups in Cumberland County, Kentucky were:[12]

Largest ancestries (2017) Percent
English 32.8%
"American" 15.7%
Irish 10.2%
German 4.4%
Scots-Irish 1.1%
Italian 1.1%
Scottish 1.1%
French (except Basque) 1.0%
Polish 0.9%

[12]

Communities

City

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated places

Politics

Like all of the heavily Unionist eastern Pennyroyal, a region of largely small farms that did not rely heavily on slavery, Cumberland County provided an exceptionally large number of soldiers for the Union Army during the Civil War.[13] Reflecting that, the county became and has remained overwhelmingly Republican following the end of the Reconstruction Era. As of 2012, Cumberland County had the fewest registered Democrats, 844, out of all of Kentucky's counties.[14]

The last Democrat to carry Cumberland County at the Presidential level was Horatio Seymour in 1868. And since at least 1896, Lyndon Johnson in his 1964 landslide is the solitary Democrat to top forty percent of the county's vote.

United States presidential election results for Cumberland County, Kentucky[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 2,769 81.87% 508 15.02% 105 3.10%
2016 2,502 81.60% 459 14.97% 105 3.42%
2012 2,216 77.65% 599 20.99% 39 1.37%
2008 2,056 73.51% 697 24.92% 44 1.57%
2004 2,356 72.74% 848 26.18% 35 1.08%
2000 2,220 73.85% 736 24.48% 50 1.66%
1996 1,654 62.13% 753 28.29% 255 9.58%
1992 1,866 60.96% 917 29.96% 278 9.08%
1988 2,231 74.49% 753 25.14% 11 0.37%
1984 2,729 77.77% 766 21.83% 14 0.40%
1980 2,216 71.92% 821 26.65% 44 1.43%
1976 1,653 65.41% 853 33.76% 21 0.83%
1972 2,294 76.42% 686 22.85% 22 0.73%
1968 2,116 67.82% 646 20.71% 358 11.47%
1964 1,794 56.70% 1,348 42.60% 22 0.70%
1960 2,697 76.25% 840 23.75% 0 0.00%
1956 2,584 71.76% 1,000 27.77% 17 0.47%
1952 2,426 72.44% 909 27.14% 14 0.42%
1948 1,947 69.31% 794 28.27% 68 2.42%
1944 2,619 78.27% 717 21.43% 10 0.30%
1940 2,533 74.30% 872 25.58% 4 0.12%
1936 2,127 69.40% 935 30.51% 3 0.10%
1932 2,369 65.53% 1,235 34.16% 11 0.30%
1928 2,593 82.79% 538 17.18% 1 0.03%
1924 2,143 69.60% 918 29.81% 18 0.58%
1920 2,380 71.60% 931 28.01% 13 0.39%
1916 1,394 67.60% 653 31.67% 15 0.73%
1912 972 56.91% 577 33.78% 159 9.31%


Cumberland County was a dry county prior to a special election held June 28, 2016, where the measure passed 1,441 votes to 1,069 votes.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 97.
  4. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. pp. 35.
  5. ^ Collins, Lewis (1882). Collins' Historical Sketches of Kentucky: History of Kentucky, Volume 2. Collins & Company. p. 26.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  12. ^ a b "American FactFinder - Results". Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved May 25, 2019.
  13. ^ Copeland, James E.; ‘Where Were the Kentucky Unionists and Secessionists’; The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, volume 71, no. 4 (October, 1973), pp. 344-363
  14. ^ VOTER REGISTRATION STATISTICS REPORT; Kentucky Secretary of State
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved July 1, 2018.
  16. ^ Applegate, Kris; Miller, Jarenda (2009). Around Lake Cumberland. Arcadia Publishing. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-7385-6819-5.
  17. ^ "Montana Governor Edwin Lee Norris". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on December 2, 2012. Retrieved October 10, 2012.

Coordinates: 36°47′N 85°23′W / 36.78°N 85.39°W / 36.78; -85.39