Parliament of the Republic of Moldova

Parlamentul Republicii Moldova
11th legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
Founded23 May 1991
Preceded bySupreme Soviet of the Moldavian SSR
Leadership
Igor Grosu, PAS
since 29 July 2021
Deputy Speaker of the Parliament
Mihai Popșoi, PAS
since 8 June 2019
Deputy Speaker of the Parliament
Vlad Batrîncea, BCS
since 29 November 2019
Structure
Seats101
Moldavie Parlement 2021.svg
Political groups
Government (63)
  •   PAS (63)

Opposition (37)

Length of term
4 years
Elections
Closed list proportional representation
Last election
11 July 2021
Meeting place
18.03.2021 Ședința plenară a Parlamentului (51048601346).jpg
Palace of the Parliament, Chișinău, Moldova
Website
multimedia.parlament.md

The Parliament of the Republic of Moldova is the supreme representative body of the Republic of Moldova, the only state legislative authority, being a unicameral structure composed of 101 elected MPs on lists, for a period of 4 years. Parliament is elected by universal vote, equal directly, secret and freely expressed. The President of the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova is elected by the Parliament, with a minimum of 52 votes.

The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Moldova, on a proposal of the Central Electoral Commission, decides to validate or invalidate the mandate of the Member of Parliament. The mandate is invalid in the case of violation of electoral legislation. The Parliament is meeting at the convening of the Speaker of the Parliament within 30 days of the elections. Parliament's mandate is prolonged until the legal meeting of the new composition. During this period the Constitution cannot be amended and organic laws cannot be adopted, amended or abrogated.[1]

Parliamentary elections took place on 11 July 2021.[2] The snap parliamentary elections resulted in a landslide win for Party of Action and Solidarity (PAS).[3]

Apparatus

The Parliament staff ensures an organizational, informational and technological assistance to activity of the Parliament, the Standing Bureau, standing committees, parliamentary factions and of deputies. The structure and the personal record of the parliament staff are approved by the Parliament.

Legislative procedure

According to the Constitution of Moldova (1994), the Parliament is the supreme representative organ and the single legislative authority of the state. The right of legislative initiative belongs to the Members of Parliament, to the Speaker (excepting proposals to revise the Constitution) and to the Government. In exercise of this right MPs and the President of the state present to Parliament draft papers and legislative proposals, while the Government presents draft papers.

Parliamentary factions

In order to form the working bodies and to organize the activity of the parliament, deputies form parliamentary factions composed of at least 5 deputies elected on the basis of lists of electoral contestants, as well as parliamentary factions with the same numerical composition as independent deputies. The parliamentary factions are constituted within 10 days after the legal constitution of the parliament.

11th Moldovan Parliament

The 101 deputies elected on 11 July 2021 at the 2021 Moldovan parliamentary election constitute 3 main parliamentary factions as follows:[4]

Political Group Party Chair Faction Leader MPs
  Party of Action and Solidarity (PAS) Igor Grosu Mihai Popșoi 63
  Bloc of Communists and Socialists (BCS) Vlad Batrîncea (PSRM) Zinaida Greceanîi 32
Vladimir Voronin (PCRM)
  Șor Party (PȘ) Ilan Șor 6

Election results

Main article: Elections in Moldova

Structure of former legislatures

Moldovan Parliament 1994–1998

56 28 11 9
PDAM PSM BȚI AFPCD

Moldovan Parliament 1998–2001

40 26 24 11
PCRM CDM PMDP PFD

Moldovan Parliament 2001–2005

71 19 11
PCRM BeAB PPCD

Moldovan Parliament 2005–2009

56 22 12 11
PCRM AMN PDM + PSL PPCD

Moldovan Parliament April–July 2009

60 15 15 11
PCRM PL PLDM AMN

Moldovan Parliament 2009–2010

48 18 15 13 7
PCRM PLDM PL PDM AMN

Moldovan Parliament 2010–2014

42 32 15 12
PCRM PLDM PDM PL

Moldovan Parliament 2014–2019

25 23 21 19 13
PSRM PLDM PCRM PDM PL

Moldovan Parliament 2019–2021

35 30 26 7 3
PSRM PDM ACUM ȘOR Ind.

Moldovan Parliament 2021–present

63 32 6
PAS BECS ȘOR

Parliamentary committees

Permanent Bureau

Presidents of the Parliament of Moldova

Main article: President of the Moldovan Parliament

Parliament Building

The Parliament Building was formerly the meeting place of the Central Committee of the Moldovan branch of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and was built between 1976 and 1979. It is located on Stephen the Great Boulevard formerly known as Lenin Boulevard. The architects were Alexander Cerdanțev and Grigore Bosenco. The building was damaged during civil unrest in 2009[5] and repairs were carried out in 2012 and 2013. The Parliament moved back into the restored building in February 2014.[6]

Sources

  1. ^ Constitution of Moldova, art. 63, pag. 16.
  2. ^ "Moldova's president calls early election for July 11". AP NEWS. 28 April 2021. Retrieved 2021-05-01.
  3. ^ "President Sandu's party wins landslide victory in Moldova's snap election". www.intellinews.com. 2021-07-12. Retrieved 2021-07-27.
  4. ^ Fracțiunile parlamentare
  5. ^ "De ce rămân în praf şi beznă clădirile Parlamentului şi Preşedinţiei". Timpul – Ştiri din Moldova.
  6. ^ "allmoldova". Archived from the original on 2014-01-02.