President of the Republic of Moldova
Președintele Republicii Moldova
Presidential standard
Incumbent
Maia Sandu
since 24 December 2020
Executive branch of the Government of Moldova
Office of the President of Moldova
StyleMadam President (informal)
Her Excellency (diplomatic)
StatusHead of state
Commander-in-chief
Member ofSupreme Security Council
ResidencePresidential Palace
SeatChișinău
AppointerPopular vote
Term lengthFour years, renewable once
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Moldova
Inaugural holderMircea Snegur
Formation3 September 1990
DeputyPresident of the Moldovan Parliament
Salary155,520 lei annually[1]
Websitepresedinte.md

The president of the Republic of Moldova (Romanian: Președintele Republicii Moldova) is the head of state of Moldova. The current president is Maia Sandu, who assumed office on 24 December 2020.

Duties and functions

The office of the presidency in Moldova is largely ceremonial, with most of the formal political power exercised by parliament and the prime minister.[2][3] However, because the president represents Moldova internationally, they have sway over the country's relationships with other countries. In addition, the president can influence public policy by using their high profile to initiate and participate in public discourse.[4]

A collection of organizational bodies collectively known as the Presidential Administration, whose members are appointed by the president, serves as the communication service between the government and the presidency. One office of the Administration, the Supreme Security Council, advises the president on foreign policy.[5]

Election

The president is elected in a two-round direct election, with a runoff taking place between the top two finishers if no candidate receives a majority in the first round. This system was put in place when the constitution of Moldova was adopted in 1994.

In 2000, the Constitution was amended changing the process to an indirect election by the Parliament of Moldova, with a supermajority of 61 votes required. On March 4, 2016, the Constitutional Court ruled that the amendment was unconstitutional[6] and Moldova consequently returned to electing the president via popular vote.

One presidential term lasts for four years; presidents are limited to two terms. Before the 2000 amendments, the presidential term lasted for five years.

Under Article 78 of the Constitution, candidates must be citizens of Moldova with the right to vote and over 40 years old who had lived or has been living permanently in Moldova for no less than 10 years and speaks the official state language.

Constitutional position

According to the Article 77 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994), the president of Moldova is the head of the state and represents the state and is the guarantor of national sovereignty, independence, and the unity and territorial integrity of the nation.

Acting president

The acting president of Moldova (Romanian: Președinte interimar al Republicii Moldova) is a person who fulfils the duties of the president of Moldova when cases of incapacity and vacancy occur. It is a temporary post provided by the Constitution of Moldova.

According to Article 91 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

When the office of the President of the Republic of Moldova becomes vacant or the President has been suspended from office, or finds himself in the temporary impossibility of discharging his duties, the responsibility of the office shall devolve ad interim on the President of Parliament or the Prime Minister, in that priority order.

Suspension from office

According to Article 89 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

Vacancy

According to Article 90 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

Standard

The presidential standard (Romanian: Stindardul Preşedintelui) consists of the Coat of Arms of Moldova in front of a purple background and a border composed of squares of 1/9 in the national colors of the republic. The regulations of the Standard of the President is approved by the decree of the President with the opinion of the National Heraldic Commission. The original of the Standard of the President is handed over to the President at the inauguration ceremony and is kept in their office. Duplicates and copies of the standard are displayed at the Presidential Palace or at other presidential residences while they are on these premises.[7]

Band and music

The official march of the presidency is the Marș de Întîmpinare «La Mulți ani» (Slow March «To many years»), which is used during the arrival of the president at special occasions, similarly to Hail to the Chief for the President of the United States.[8] The Presidential Band of the Republic of Moldova is the main military band of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Moldova and specifically serves the president during all functions of state. The band performs at welcome ceremonies of foreign officials on state visits, military parades, and the accreditation of ambassadors.[9][10]

Office of the President

List of presidents of Moldova

Moldavian Democratic Republic (1917–1918)

Party

  Bessarabian Peasants' Party

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Political party
1 Ion Inculeț
(1884–1940)
December 15 [O.S. December 2] 1917 April 9 [O.S. March 27] 1918 Bessarabian Peasants' Party

Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (1940–1991)

First secretaries of the Moldavian Communist Party

No. Portrait Name

(Birth–Death)

Office term
1 Pyotr Borodin

(1905–1986)

2 August 1940 11 February 1942
2 Nikita Salogor

(1901–1982)

13 February 1942 5 January 1946
3 Nicolae Coval

(1904–1970)

5 January 1946 26 July 1950
4 Leonid Brezhnev

(1906–1982)

26 July 1950 25 October 1952
5 Dmitri Gladki

(1911–1959)

25 October 1952 8 February 1954
6 Zinovie Serdiuk

(1903–1982)

8 February 1954 29 May 1961
7 Ivan Bodiul

(1918–2013)

29 May 1961 22 December 1980
8 Semion Grossu

(born 1934)

22 December 1980 16 December 1989
9 Petru Lucinschi

(born 1940)

16 November 1989 5 February 1991
10 Grigore Eremei

(born 1935)

5 February 1991 23 August 1991

Chairmen of the Supreme Soviet of SSR Moldova

Party

  PCM

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Political party
1 Mircea Snegur
(1940–2023)
27 April 1990 3 September 1990 Communist Party of Moldova

Republic of Moldova (1991–present)

Parties

  PDAM   PCRM   PL   PLDM   PDM   PSRM   PAS   Independent

Status
  Acting President
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Office term Cabinets Election Prior office Political party
1 Mircea Snegur
(1940–2023)
3 September 1990 15 January 1997 Druc (1990–91) 1991 Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Moldavian SSR Independent
6 years, 134 days
(Lost re-election campaign)
Muravschi (1991–92)
Sangheli I (1992–94)
Sangheli II (1994–97)
2 Petru Lucinschi
(born 1940)
15 January 1997 7 April 2001 Ciubuc I (1997–98) 1996 President of the Parliament Democratic Agrarian Party
4 years, 82 days
(Opted out of second term in office)
Ciubuc II (1998–99)
Sturza (1999)
Braghiș (1999–2001)
3 Vladimir Voronin
(born 1941)
7 April 2001 11 September 2009 Tarlev I (2001–05) 2001
(indirect)
2005
(indirect)
Minister of Internal Affairs of the Moldavian SSR Party of Communists
8 years, 157 days
(Resigned)
Tarlev II (2005–08)
Greceanîi I (2008–09)
Greceanîi II (2009)
Mihai Ghimpu
(born 1951)
Acting
11 September 2009 28 December 2010 Filat I (2009–11) President of the Parliament Liberal Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
Vlad Filat 2010-09-15.jpg Vlad Filat
(born 1969)
Acting
28 December 2010 30 December 2010 Prime Minister of Moldova Liberal Democratic Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
Marian Lupu
(born 1966)
Acting
30 December 2010 23 March 2012 Filat II (2011–13) President of the Parliament Democratic Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
4 Nicolae Timofti 2013-03-11.jpg Nicolae Timofti
(born 1948)
23 March 2012 23 December 2016 Filat II (2011–13) 2011–12
(indirect)
President of the Superior Council of Magistrates Independent
(Alliance for European Integration)
Leancă (2013–15)
4 years, 275 days

(Opted out of second

term in office)

Gaburici (2015)
Streleț (2015)
Filip (2016–19)
5 Igor Dodon
(born 1975)
23 December 2016 24 December 2020 2016 First Deputy Prime Minister;

Minister of Economy and Trade

Party of Socialists
4 years, 1 day

(Lost re-election campaign)

Sandu (2019)
Chicu (2019–20)
6 Maia Sandu
(born 1972)
24 December 2020 Incumbent 2020 Prime Minister of Moldova Party of Action and Solidarity
3 years, 130 days Gavrilița (2021–2023)
Recean (2023–)

Residence

Official residence on Stephen the Great Boulevard.

The Presidential Palace is located in the Buiucani sector of Chișinău. It was constructed between 1984 and 1987 to the design of architects A. Zalțman and V. Iavorski. The distinctive building was originally the meeting place of the Supreme Soviet of the Moldavian SSR.

See also

References

  1. ^ Maxim, Pulber (20 March 2017). "Salariu de președinte: Cât primește Dodon de la stat – - Independent". Independent.md.
  2. ^ "Moldova elects pro-Russian Igor Dodon as president". POLITICO. 2016-11-14. Retrieved 2020-11-20.
  3. ^ "Maia Sandu, a reformist ex-prime minister, becomes president". The Economist. 2020-11-19. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 2020-11-20.
  4. ^ Ivan, Paul (2016). "What to expect from the new president of Moldova" (PDF). Archive of European Integration (University of Pittsburgh). Retrieved November 20, 2020.
  5. ^ Аппарат президента — Президентура Республики Молдова Archived 2014-11-29 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "DECIS: Şeful statului va fi ales de popor; Modificarea din 2000 a Constituţiei privind alegerea preşedintelui de Parlament, NECONSTITUŢIONALĂ". Jurnal.md (in Romanian). 4 March 2016.
  7. ^ "Însemnele vexilare derivate din drapelul de Stat".
  8. ^ http://m.moldovenii.md/en/people/537/play-audio/id/4219 [bare URL]
  9. ^ "accompanies welcome ceremonies of foreign officials and delegations, participates at the accreditation ceremonies of ambassadors, military parades and other solemn events. The band performs within festivals, charity concerts, inauguration of monuments, military exercises, saluting, ceremonies on laying wreaths at monuments and tombs of the fallen soldiers".
  10. ^ Moldovenii.md. "Orchestre – Orchestra Prezidențială a Republicii Moldova". m.moldovenii.md. Retrieved 2017-11-11.