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Prime Minister of the
Czech Republic
Předseda vlády České republiky (Czech)
Incumbent
Petr Fiala
since 28 November 2021
Government of the Czech Republic
StyleMr Prime Minister
(informal)
His Excellency
(diplomatic)
Member of
Reports toChamber of Deputies
ResidenceKramář's Villa
SeatStraka Academy
AppointerPresident
Term lengthFour years, renewable indefinitely
Formation1 January 1993; 31 years ago (1993-01-01)
First holderVáclav Klaus
Salary274,800  monthly[1]
Websitevlada.cz

The prime minister of the Czech Republic (Czech: Předseda vlády České republiky[note 1]) is the head of the government of the Czech Republic and the de facto leader and most powerful member of the executive branch.[2]

The Constitution provides that certain presidential actions require the prime minister's countersignature, including in appointing judges and ambassadors, commanding the military, ratifying treaties and issuing amnesties.[3]

The current prime minister, Petr Fiala, leader of the ODS, was appointed by President Miloš Zeman on 28 November 2021, following the 2021 election and serves as 13th person in the office.

Role

The prime minister is also authorised to release a member of the government or from confidence, relating to classified information.[4] By virtue of their position, they represent the Czech Republic in the European Council and are entitled to a diplomatic passport.[5]

The prime minister also serves as direct superior of the General Inspection of Security Forces, when they appoint and dismiss its director, who is responsible to them of the performance of their function.[6]

According to Article 63 of the Constitution, the prime minister bears responsibility for siging the decisions together with the entire government of Czech Republic. They can authorise another member of the government to countersign and refuse to co-sign.[7][8]

Powers

One important power of the prime minister is the possibility of replacing the entire government by their decision and declare a state of emergency. The government must approve or cancel its decision within 24 hours of its announcement.[9] In case a decision-making crisis would pass to the government, the prime minister would decide with Ministry of Defense.[10]

Residence

The building was built from 1911 to 1914. It was designed by the Viennese architect Friedrich Ohmann.[11]

List of heads of government

Main article: List of prime ministers of the Czech Republic

Notes

  1. ^ The formal translation is Chair of the Government. In Czech, the most common term is premiér (Premier), another one is ministerský předseda.

References

  1. ^ "Platy od ledna vzrostou o 13 procent. Prezidentovi, ministrům, poslancům i senátorům". Aktuálně.cz (in Czech). 2022-12-19. Retrieved 2023-09-26.
  2. ^ "The Czech Parliamentary Regime After 1989". Acta Politologica. 8 (2): 5–29. ISSN 1804-1302.
  3. ^ Article 63
  4. ^ "Zákon č. 412/2005 Sb". Zákony Pro Lidi (in Czech): 63. 18 October 2015. Retrieved 1 January 2006.
  5. ^ "Zákon č. 329/1999". Zákony Pro Lidi (in Czech): 13. 27 December 1999. Retrieved 21 December 2023.
  6. ^ "Zákon č. 341/2011 Sb". Zákony Pro Lidi (in Czech): 1. 23 November 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
  7. ^ Janek, Daniel. "Kontrasignace aktù prezidenta republiky" (PDF). Masaryk University (in Czech). Brno. Retrieved 7 September 2022.
  8. ^ "Zeman chce do etické komise donašeče StB, Sobotka jmenování nepodepíše". E15 (in Czech). Czech News Center. 24 January 2017. Retrieved 7 September 2022.
  9. ^ "Ústavní zákon č. 110/1998 Sb., o bezpečnosti České republiky". Zákony Pro Lidi (in Czech): 5. 29 May 1998.
  10. ^ Valášek, Lukáš; Kundra, Ondřej (30 March 2020). "Ministr obrany navrhuje v krizi posílení pravomocí premiéra na úkor parlamentu". Aktuálně.cz (in Czech). Prague: Economia.
  11. ^ "Kramář's Villa". Government of the Czech Republic. 2 October 2006. Retrieved 11 June 2015.