|President of Bulgaria|
|Президент на България|
|Residence||Largo, Sofia (office), Boyana (residential)|
|Term length||Five years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||Petar Mladenov|
as Chairman (President) of the Republic
|Formation||3 April 1990|
|Salary||11 044 leva per month|
The president of the Republic of Bulgaria is the head of state of Bulgaria and the commander-in-chief of the Bulgarian Army. The official residence of the president is at Boyana Residence, Sofia. After the completion of the second round of voting, candidate Rumen Radev was elected President of Bulgaria on 13 November 2016.
In Bulgaria, the president's role is primarily as a symbolic figure, with the main function being to be the 'arbitrator' of disputes between Bulgaria's different institutions. They are not considered head of government or part of the nation's executive power. The president is elected for a five-year term, which is renewable only once. After an individual has served two terms as president, that individual will forever be barred from being elected to the presidency again under the rules set out by Bulgaria's Constitution. The president addresses the nation on national television annually on New Year's Eve, just moments before the start of the new year.
For a Bulgarian citizen to be able to run for the office of President of Bulgaria, they must fulfil the following conditions:
The president is elected directly by the Bulgarian people in a two-round majoritarian election. If a candidate manages to obtain more than 50% of the vote and the voter turnout was at least 50% in the first round, that candidate is elected. If no candidate manages to obtain more than 50% of the vote or the voter turnout was lower than 50% in the first round, then the two top-performing candidates face off in a second round with first-past-the-post voting, with the candidate receiving the larger number of votes considered elected.[a]
The president is banned from also being a member of the National Assembly, as well taking on any other government, public or private offices for the duration of his term. The president is also constitutionally forbidden from being involved in a leadership position of a political party while in office. In practice, despite the fact that most candidates for president are elected from a political party's list and despite the fact that the Constitution doesn't forbid the president from being an ordinary member of a political party, it is widely expected in Bulgarian society that the president-elect renounce all affiliations with political parties once elected and serve as an independent politician.
The president of Bulgaria has a number of functions and powers that are regulated in Chapter 4 of the 1991 Constitution of Bulgaria. The president is elected directly by a popular vote for a period of five years which is renewable.
The following powers belong to the president of Bulgaria:
The president enjoys blanket legal immunity during his tenure and is not held responsible for any act performed while on duty, with the exception of treason or violation of the Bulgarian constitution. His authority may only be stripped via impeachment and may not be removed by any other institution. The president cannot be detained and may not be prosecuted.
Main article: Vice President of Bulgaria
The president is assisted in these duties by the vice president of Bulgaria. The vice president replaces the president in case of absence. Only upon early termination of office of the vice president will assume the duties of president until elections are held. The Constitution permits the president to delegate to the vice president the powers to appoint and dismiss certain officials, issue pardons and amnesty, provide citizenship and refugee status, but does not allow the president to delegate any of his other powers., enjoys the same privileges of immunity as the president and can only be dismissed from his office under the same procedures as those regarding the president.
According to the constitution, the mandate of the president is completed if and when:
Impeachment can only begin if the president has committed treason or has violated the Constitution of Bulgaria. Impeachment starts after at least a quarter of the members of the National Assembly deposit an accusatory act before the assembly. The act must then be approved by a supermajority of 2/3 of all elected representatives in order to be accepted. If accepted, the case is referred to the Constitutional Court of Bulgaria, which must decide within a one-month time span whether or not the president is guilty of the crime he has been accused of by the Assembly. If the constitutional court finds that the president has committed treason or violated the constitution, as per the accusatory act, then the president is considered successfully impeached and is stripped of his authority.
Main article: 2021 Bulgarian general election § President
|Candidate||Running mate||Party||First round||Second round|
|Rumen Radev||Iliana Iotova||Independent (BSPzB, PP, ITN, IBG-NI)||1,322,385||49.42||1,539,650||66.72|
|Anastas Gerdzhikov||Nevyana Miteva||Independent (GERB–SDS)||610,862||22.83||733,791||31.80|
|Mustafa Karadayi||Iskra Mihaylova||Movement for Rights and Freedoms||309,681||11.57|
|Kostadin Kostadinov||Elena Guncheva||Revival||104,832||3.92|
|Lozan Panov||Maria Kasimova||Independent (Democratic Bulgaria)||98,488||3.68|
|Luna Yordanova||Iglena Ilieva||Independent||21,733||0.81|
|Volen Siderov||Magdalena Tasheva||Attack||14,792||0.55|
|Svetoslav Vitkov||Veselin Belokonski||People's Voice||13,972||0.52|
|Milen Mihov||Mariya Tsvetkova||IMRO – Bulgarian National Movement||13,376||0.50|
|Rosen Milenov||Ivan Ivanov||Independent||12,644||0.47|
|Goran Blagoev||Ivelina Georgieva||Republicans for Bulgaria||12,323||0.46|
|Veselin Mareshki||Polina Tsankova||Volya Movement||10,536||0.39|
|Valeri Simeonov||Tsvetan Manchev||Patriotic Front||8,568||0.32|
|Nikolay Malinov||Svetlana Koseva||Russophiles for the Revival of the Fatherland||8,213||0.31|
|Tsveta Kirilova||Georgi Tutanov||Independent||7,706||0.29|
|Aleksandar Tomov||Lachezar Avramov||Bulgarian Social Democratic Party–EuroLeft||7,235||0.27|
|Boyan Rasate||Elena Vatashka||Bulgarian National Union – New Democracy||6,798||0.25|
|Marina Malcheva||Savina Lukanova||Independent||6,315||0.24|
|Zhelyo Zhelev||Kalin Krulev||Society for a New Bulgaria||6,154||0.23|
|Blagoy Petrevski||Sevina Hadjiyska||Bulgarian Union for Direct Democracy||5,518||0.21|
|Yolo Denev||Mario Filev||Independent||5,394||0.20|
|Maria Koleva||Gancho Popov||Pravoto||4,666||0.17|
|Georgi Georgiev-Goti||Stoyan Tsvetkov||Bulgarian National Unification||2,958||0.11|
|None of the above||60,786||2.27||34,169||1.48|
|Source: Electoral Commission of Bulgaria (first round), Electoral Commission of Bulgaria (second round)|