Nations with which Bulgaria has diplomatic relations.
Nations with which Bulgaria has diplomatic relations.

The Republic of Bulgaria is a country in Southeast Europe, and a member of both NATO and the European Union. It maintains diplomatic relations with 147 countries.[1]

Bulgaria has generally good foreign relations with its neighbors and has proved to be a constructive force in the region[citation needed] under socialist and democratic governments alike. Promoting regional stability, Bulgaria hosted a Southeast European Foreign Ministers meeting in July 1996, and an OSCE conference on Black Sea cooperation in November 1995. Bulgaria also participated in the 1996 South Balkan Defense Ministerial in Albania and is active in the Southeast European Cooperative Initiative.

Bulgaria's main focus since 1997 has been Euro-Atlantic integration, and government efforts have led to admission to NATO in 2004 and the European Union in 2007.[2] Bulgaria's main allies are Greece and Romania, and it maintains good relations with Serbia and the rest of the Balkans. The Republic of North Macedonia plays an important role in Bulgarian foreign and domestic policy due to historical, ethnic and cultural ties.

Overview

After the fall of communism in Eastern Europe in 1989, Bulgaria sought economic cooperative arrangements with Germany, Italy, France, Portugal, and Spain, as well as military cooperation with Romania, Greece, and Turkey. A start was made on easing tensions with its historical adversary Serbia.[3]

Due to close historical, cultural, and economic ties, Bulgaria seeks a mutually beneficial relationship with Russia, on which it largely depends for energy supplies. Sporadic negotiations are underway among Greece, Bulgaria, and Russia for construction of the Burgas-Alexandroupoli pipeline to transport Caspian Sea oil from the Black Sea port of Burgas to Alexandroupoli on the northern Aegean coast.

Bulgaria's EU Association Agreement came into effect in 1994, and Bulgaria formally applied for full EU membership in December 1995. During the 1999 EU summit in Helsinki, the country was invited to start membership talks with the Union. On January 1, 2007 Bulgaria officially became a member of the European Union. In 1996, Bulgaria acceded to the Wassenaar Arrangement controlling exports of weapons and sensitive technology to countries of concern and also was admitted to the World Trade Organization. Bulgaria is a member of the Zangger Committee and the Nuclear Suppliers Group. After a period of equivocation under a socialist government, in March 1997 a UDF-led caretaker cabinet applied for full NATO membership, which became a reality in April 2004.

Bulgaria and the United States signed a Defense Cooperation Agreement in 2006 providing for military bases and training camps of the U.S. Army in Bulgaria, as part of the Pentagon's restructuring plan.

The HIV trial in Libya resulted in the release of Bulgarian nurses imprisoned by Muammar Gaddafi's government in Libya. French President Nicolas Sarkozy secured the release in exchange for several business deals.[4][5]

In November 2010, Bulgaria's Foreign Minister Nikolay Mladenov formally announced his team proposes to close seven embassies as part of a plan for restructuring and austerity measures.

Thus, in 2011, Bulgaria will most likely shut down its diplomatic missions in Sudan, Angola, Zimbabwe, Cambodia, Thailand, Mexico, and Tunisia. The choice is based on a scrutinizing financial analysis and on the necessity to optimize the diplomatic corps, the Ministry says. The staff of the Bulgarian diplomatic corps will be reduced by 15 people in total.

In June 2010, media reports claimed that Bulgaria considers closing a total of 30 of its diplomatic missions abroad. Currently, Bulgaria has 83 embassies, 6 permanent representations, 20 consular offices, and 2 diplomatic bureaus. The proposed closures have been backed by Prime Minister Boyko Borisov, who described some of Bulgaria's embassies as useless.[6]

NATO

Flags of NATO, Bulgaria, European Union at the Military club of Plovdiv, Bulgaria.
Flags of NATO, Bulgaria, European Union at the Military club of Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Bulgaria joined NATO's Partnership for Peace in 1994 and applied for NATO membership in 1997. During the November 2002 Prague Summit Bulgaria was one of seven former socialist countries invited to join the Alliance. Bulgaria became a member of NATO in March 2004. The country is also working toward NATO compatibility in communications and training, and has established a Peacekeeping Training Center.

UN

In 2003, Bulgaria was elected as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council, proving to be one of 3 closest U.S. allies during the Iraqi Crisis, together with the UK and Spain. Bulgaria also presided the OSCE in 2004.

Illicit drugs

Major European trans-shipment point for Southwest Asian heroin and, to a lesser degree, South American cocaine for the European market; limited producer of precursor chemicals.[citation needed]

Diplomatic relations

List of countries which Bulgaria has diplomatic relations with:
# Country Date[7]
1  Russia 7 July 1879
2  France 8 July 1879
3  Romania 21 July 1879
4  Italy 25 July 1879
5  Turkey July 1879
6  United Kingdom 23 July 1879
7  Serbia 6 September 1879
8  Belgium 11 December 1879
9  Greece 9 September 1880
10  Iran 15 November 1897
11  United States 19 September 1903
12  Netherlands 8 July 1909
13  Spain 5 August 1910
14  Albania April 1914
15  Sweden 6 July 1914
16   Switzerland 31 October 1915
17  Norway 20 April 1918
18  Finland 5 August 1918
19  Poland 30 December 1918
20  Austria November 1919
21  Japan 1919
22  Hungary 9 August 1920
23  Czech Republic 27 September 1920
24  Egypt 5 November 1925
25  Denmark 17 April 1931
26  Argentina 8 July 1931
27  Brazil 17 September 1934
28  Chile 1935
29  Mexico 6 January 1938
30  Israel 29 November 1948
31  North Korea 29 November 1948
32  China 3 October 1948
33  Vietnam 8 February 1950
34  Mongolia 22 April 1950
35  Syria 24 August 1954
36  India 22 December 1954
37  Myanmar 18 November 1955
38  Sudan 1 June 1956
39  Ethiopia 3 June 1956
40  Tunisia 30 August 1956
41  Indonesia 20 September 1956
42  Luxembourg 16 December 1956
43  Uruguay 21 May 1958
44  Iraq 14 August 1958
45  Guinea 2 January 1959
46  Cambodia 18 September 1960
47  Somalia 28 September 1960
48  Cuba 8 October 1960
49  Mali 23 October 1960
50  Cyprus 30 October 1960
51  Democratic Republic of the Congo 22 February 1961
52  Ghana 10 August 1961
53  Afghanistan 12 June 1961
54  Morocco 1 September 1961
55  Sri Lanka 10 June 1962
56  Tanzania 16 June 1962
57  Benin 25 June 1962
58  Laos 13 September 1962
59  Sierra Leone 28 September 1962
60  Algeria 10 October 1962
61  Yemen 12 October 1962
62  Kuwait 15 June 1963
63  Libya 1 June 1963
64  Iceland 27 December 1963
65  Kenya 14 February 1964
66  Nigeria 10 March 1964
67  Uganda 17 May 1964
68  Jordan 9 October 1964
69  Burundi 28 December 1964
70  Republic of Congo 31 December 1964
71  Pakistan 15 June 1965
72  Mauritania 28 December 1965
73  Canada 30 June 1966
74  Lebanon 19 September 1966
75  Singapore 18 October 1967
76  Ivory Coast 15 December 1967
77  Senegal 28 December 1967
78    Nepal 15 April 1968
79  Burkina Faso 29 May 1968
80  Zambia 20 October 1968
81  Malaysia 4 January 1969
82  Peru 18 April 1969
83  San Marino 15 December 1969
84  Central African Republic 9 January 1970
85  Costa Rica 9 October 1970
86  Bolivia 18 December 1970
87  Ecuador 28 April 1971
88  Malta 11 September 1971
89  Equatorial Guinea 15 September 1971
90  Bangladesh 31 January 1972
91  Australia 5 April 1972
92  Niger 5 March 1973
93  Panama 21 March 1973
94  Colombia 11 May 1973
95  Philippines 16 November 1973
96  Germany 21 December 1973
97  Guinea-Bissau 2 June 1974
98  Togo 19 June 1974
99  Portugal 26 June 1974[8]
100  Venezuela 2 August 1974
101  Thailand 10 August 1974
-  State of Palestine 24 August 1974
102  Liberia 1 November 1974
103  Mauritius 20 June 1975
104  Mozambique 25 June 1975
105  Angola 20 November 1975
106  Gabon 15 May 1976
107  Madagascar 15 June 1976
108  Jamaica 22 March 1977
109  Guyana 25 March 1977
110  Comoros 6 June 1977
111  Nicaragua 16 November 1979
112  Rwanda 20 December 1979
113  Sao Tome and Principe 23 December 1979
114  Zimbabwe 18 April 1980
115  Cabo Verde 5 June 1980
116  Grenada 9 June 1980
117  Lesotho 10 June 1980
118  Seychelles 15 August 1980
119  Botswana 16 August 1982
120  Cameroon 24 February 1984
121  Maldives 14 August 1984
122  New Zealand 9 October 1984
123  Chad 10 October 1989[9]
124  South Korea 23 March 1990
125  Namibia 6 June 1990
126  Ireland 11 June 1990
127  Oman 17 June 1990
128  Qatar 17 October 1990
  Holy See 6 December 1990
129  Dominican Republic 14 June 1991
130  El Salvador 27 June 1991
131  Estonia 10 September 1991
132  Latvia 10 September 1991
133  United Arab Emirates 10 October 1991
134  Bahrain 15 October 1991
135  Lithuania 10 December 1991
136  Ukraine 13 December 1991
137  Armenia 18 January 1992
138  South Africa 2 February 1992
139  Moldova 5 February 1992
140  Barbados 12 March 1992[9]
141  Belarus 26 March 1992
142  Turkmenistan 20 May 1992
143  Kyrgyzstan 20 May 1992
144  Azerbaijan 5 June 1992
145  Georgia 5 June 1992
146  Kazakhstan 5 June 1992
147  Croatia 13 August 1992
148  Slovenia 18 August 1992
149  Uzbekistan 12 September 1992
150  Paraguay 7 December 1992
151  Slovakia 1 January 1993
152  Eritrea 31 May 1993
153  Tajikistan 24 August 1993
154  North Macedonia 22 December 1993
155  Guatemala 14 January 1994
156  Belize 15 February 1994
157  Brunei 14 April 1994
158  Liechtenstein 26 April 1994
159  Andorra 14 June 1994
 Sovereign Military Order of Malta[10] 11 November 1994
160  Malawi 23 November 1994[9]
161  Eswatini 30 January 1995
162  Saudi Arabia 20 March 1995
163  Bosnia and Herzegovina 12 January 1996
164  Nauru 30 April 2001[9]
165  Antigua and Barbuda 7 June 2001[9]
166  East Timor 21 January 2003[11]
167  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 11 September 2003
168  Honduras 7 May 2004[9]
169  Suriname 20 September 2004
170  Montenegro 2 August 2006[12]
171  Djibouti 13 February 2007[13]
172  Bahamas 27 September 2007[9]
 Kosovo 20 March 2008[14]
173  Solomon Islands 27 April 2011[9]
174  Dominica 28 April 2011[9]
175  Tuvalu 18 May 2011[9]
176  Trinidad and Tobago 20 September 2011[9]
177  Fiji 25 May 2015[9]
178  Monaco 14 February 2018[15]
179  Vanuatu 24 June 2019[9]
180  Saint Lucia 5 November 2020[9]

Relations by region and country

Africa

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Algeria 1964
 Angola 20 November 1975
 Egypt See Bulgaria–Egypt relations
 Ethiopia
 Kenya
  • Bulgaria is accredited to Kenya from its embassy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Kenya is accredited to Bulgaria from its embassy in Berlin, Germany.
 Libya
 Morocco 1 September 1961
 Nigeria
  • Bulgaria has an embassy in Abuja.
  • Nigeria is accredited to Bulgaria from its embassy in Bucharest, Romania.
 South Africa 2 February 1992 See Bulgaria–South Africa relations
  • Bulgaria has an embassy in Pretoria
  • Since 1992, South Africa has an embassy in Sofia.[21]
 Sudan 1 July 1956 See Bulgaria–Sudan relations

In 1967, Bulgaria sent the first Bulgarian ambassador to Khartoum. The activities of the Bulgarian embassy in Khartoum were terminated in April 1990.

  • Bulgaria is accredited to Sudan from its embassy in Cairo, Egypt.
  • Sudan has an embassy in Sofia.
 Tunisia 1956

Americas

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Argentina 1931
  • Argentina has an embassy in Sofia.
  • Bulgaria has an embassy in Buenos Aires.
 Belize 15 February 1994
  • Both countries have established diplomatic relations on 15 February 1994.[24]
  • Bulgaria is represented in Belize through its embassy in Mexico City.[25]
 Brazil
  • Brazil has an embassy in Sofia.
  • Bulgaria has an embassy in Brasília.
 Canada See Bulgaria–Canada relations
 Chile
  • Bulgaria is accredited to Chile from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Chile is accredited to Bulgaria from its embassy in Bucharest, Romania and maintains an honorary consulate in Sofia.
 Colombia 8 May 1973
  • Bulgaria is accredited to Colombia from its embassy in Brasília, Brazil.
  • Colombia is accredited to Bulgaria from its embassy in Warsaw, Poland.
 Cuba
  • Bulgaria has an embassy in Havana.
  • Cuba has an embassy in Sofia.
 Dominica
  • Bulgaria is represented in Dominica through its embassy in Havana, Cuba.[29]
 Ecuador
  • Bulgaria is accredited to Ecuador from its embassy in Brasilia, Brazil.
  • Ecuador is accredited to Bulgaria from its embassy in Budapest, Romania and maintains an honorary consulate in Sofia.
 Mexico 6 January 1938 See Bulgaria–Mexico relations
  • Bulgaria has an embassy in Mexico City.[30]
  • Mexico is accredited to Bulgaria from its embassy in Budapest, Hungary and maintains an honorary consulate in Sofia.[31]
 Paraguay 2 December 1992 1992-12-02
  • Bulgaria is accredited to Paraguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Paraguay is accredited to Bulgaria from its embassy in Rome, Italy.[32]
 Peru 1969
  • Peru closed its embassy in Sofia for economic reasons in 2003.
  • Bulgaria is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasilia, Brazil.
  • Peru is accredited to Bulgaria from its embassy in Athens, Greece.[33]
 United States 1903 See Bulgaria–United States relations

Bulgarian-American relations, first formally established in 1903, have moved from missionary activity and American support for Bulgarian independence in the late 19th century to the growth of trade and commerce in the early 20th century, to reluctant hostility during World War I and open war and bombardment in World War II, to ideological confrontation during the Cold War, to partnership with the United States in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and growing political, military and economic ties in the beginning of the 21st century.

 Uruguay
  • Bulgaria is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Uruguay is accredited to Bulgaria from its embassy in Bucharest, Romania and maintains an honorary consulate in Sofia.

Asia

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Afghanistan 12 July 1961
 Armenia 1932 See Armenia–Bulgaria relations
 Azerbaijan 6 May 1992 See Azerbaijan–Bulgaria relations
 China 4 October 1949 See Bulgaria–China relations
 Georgia 5 June 1992 See Bulgaria–Georgia relations
 India 1954 See Bulgaria–India relations
 Indonesia 21 September 1956 See Bulgaria–Indonesia relations

Bulgaria was among the States that recognized Indonesia's independence on September 21, 1956. The two countries established diplomatic relations on . Bulgaria has had an embassy in Jakarta since October 1958 and Indonesia has had an embassy in Sofia Since 1960.[46]

 Iran 1897
 Iraq See Bulgaria–Iraq relations
 Israel
 Japan September 1959 See Bulgaria–Japan relations
 Kazakhstan 5 July 1992
  • Since 1994, Bulgaria had an embassy in Almaty, later moved to Nur-Sultan.[56]
  • Since November 2004, Kazakhstan has an embassy and an honorary consulate in Sofia.
 Lebanon 19 September 1966
 Mongolia 22 April 1950 See Bulgaria–Mongolia relations
  • Bulgaria has an embassy in Ulaanbaatar.
  • Mongolia has an embassy in Sofia.
 North Korea 29 November 1948
 Pakistan 1970
  • Since 1974, Bulgaria has an embassy in Islamabad.[59]
  • Pakistan reopened its embassy in Sofia. Pakistan has an embassy in Sofia.
 Palestine 1975
 South Korea 23 March 1990 See Bulgaria–South Korea relations

The establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Korea and Република България began on 23 March 1990.

  • During the Cold War the Republic of Bulgaria had diplomatic relations only with North Korea however after the Cold War Bulgaria has also had diplomatic relations with South Korea.
  • See also Bulgaria–South Korea relations
 Syria 24 July 1954 See Bulgaria–Syria relations
 Thailand 10 April 1974
  • Since 1975, Bulgaria has an embassy in Bangkok.[66]
  • Thailand has an honorary consulate in Sofia.[67]
  • There is a Thai Village in Bulgaria since 2006 [68]
 Turkey See Bulgaria–Turkey relations
 United Arab Emirates See Bulgaria–United Arab Emirates relations
  • Bulgaria has a consulate-general in Dubai.
  • United Arab Emirates is accredited to Bulgaria from its embassy in Ankara, Turkey.
 Uzbekistan 12 September 1992 See Bulgaria–Uzbekistan relations
  • Bulgaria has an embassy in Tashkent.
  • Uzbekistan is accredited to Bulgaria from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Tashkent.
 Vietnam 8 February 1950 See Bulgaria–Vietnam relations
 Yemen See Bulgaria–Yemen relations

Europe

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Albania See Albania–Bulgaria relations
 Austria 1878 See Austria–Bulgaria relations
 Belarus 26 March 1992
  • Bulgaria recognized Belarus on December 23, 1991.
  • Belarus has an embassy in Sofia and an honorary consulate in Burgas.[76]
  • Bulgaria has an embassy in Minsk.[77]
 Belgium 1879
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 January 1992
 Croatia 13 August 1992 See Bulgaria–Croatia relations
  • Bulgaria has an embassy in Zagreb.[82]
  • Croatia has an embassy in Sofia.[83]
  • Bulgaria joined the European Union as a full member on January 1, 2007, while Croatia joined on July 1, 2013.
 Cyprus See Bulgaria–Cyprus relations
 Czech Republic 27 September 1920 See Bulgaria–Czech Republic relations
  • Relations were severed on June 1, 1939 and were restored on October 10, 1945.
  • On December 23, 1992, Bulgaria recognised the Czech Republic and established diplomatic relations with it at the level of embassies as of January 1, 1993.
  • Bulgaria has an embassy and an honorary consulate in Prague.[84]
  • Czech Republic has an embassy in Sofia and an honorary consulate in Varna.[85]
  • Both countries are members of the European Union, and of NATO and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
 Denmark See Bulgaria–Denmark relations
 Estonia 20 May 1921 See Bulgaria–Estonia relations
 Finland 5 August 1918 See Bulgaria–Finland relations
 France 8 July 1879 See Bulgaria–France relations
 Germany See Bulgaria–Germany relations
 Greece 1908 See Bulgaria–Greece relations

Relations between Greece and Bulgaria have been very cordial since the 1950s, due to the strong cultural, political and religious ties between the two nations, preceded in the earlier 20th century by periods of intense mutual hostility. Since Bulgaria's independence in 1876, Greece and Bulgaria faced each other in three major wars: the Second Balkan War, the First World War and the Second World War, in which Bulgaria briefly occupied parts of northern Greece.

 Hungary 1920 See Bulgaria–Hungary relations
 Ireland 1990
 Italy 1879 See Bulgaria–Italy relations
 Kosovo 20 March 2008 See Bulgaria–Kosovo relations

[94]

 Latvia See Bulgaria–Latvia relations
 Lithuania
 Malta
  • Bulgaria is represented in Malta through its embassy in Rome (Italy).[99]
  • Malta has 2 honorary consulates in Bulgaria (in Sofia and Varna).[100]
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
 Moldova 5 February 1992
  • Since 1992, Bulgaria has an embassy in Chişinău.[101]
  • Moldova has an embassy in Sofia.
 Montenegro 2 August 2006 See Bulgaria–Montenegro relations
 Netherlands See Bulgaria–Netherlands relations
 North Macedonia See Bulgaria–North Macedonia relations
  • Bulgaria was the first country to recognize North Macedonia and the second to open an embassy.
  • The rules governing good neighbourly relations agreed between Bulgaria and the Republic of North Macedonia were set in the Joint Declaration of February 22, 1999 reaffirmed by a joint memorandum signed on January 22, 2008 in Sofia.[104]
  • Both countries are full members of NATO.
 Norway 21 August 1906
  • Since April 1918, Bulgaria has an embassy in Oslo.[105]
  • Norway is accredited to Bulgaria from its embassy in Bucharest, Romania.
  • Both countries are full members of NATO.
 Poland See Bulgaria–Poland relations
 Portugal 1925 See Bulgaria–Portugal relations
  • Relations were severed in 1945 and were restored on June 24, 1974.
  • Bulgaria has an embassy and an honorary consulate in Lisbon.[108]
  • Portugal has an embassy in Sofia.[109]
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union and NATO.
 Romania See Bulgaria–Romania relations

Bulgarian relations with Romania featured regular official visits by the two presidents. Romanian-Bulgarian relations are developing "very intensively" because of EU accession, since Romania and Bulgaria joined together the European Union in 2007. Romania and Bulgaria have never had any serious conflicts, other than a territorial dispute over the Dobruja region in 1913-1940, now largely forgotten. Vidin and Calafat have perhaps the closest relations of any towns along this lower section of the Danube. There is a regular ferry service, so locals here have regular interchange with their neighbors across the border.

  • Bulgaria has an embassy in Bucharest.
  • Romania has an embassy in Sofia.
 Russia 7 July 1879 See Bulgaria–Russia relations
 Serbia 18 January 1879 See Bulgaria–Serbia relations
 Slovakia 1 January 1993 See Bulgaria–Slovakia relations
  • Bulgaria recognized Slovakia on December 23, 1992.
  • Since February 1994, Bulgaria has an embassy in Bratislava.[112]
  • Since June 1994, Slovakia has an embassy in Sofia.[113]
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union and NATO.
 Slovenia See Bulgaria–Slovenia relations
 Spain 8 May 1910 See Bulgaria–Spain relations
 Sweden 6 July 1914
  Switzerland 1905
 Turkey See Turkey in Asia Above
 Ukraine 1992

Ukrainian-Bulgarian relations are characterized by a constant active political dialogue at the highest level. Ukraine and Bulgaria actively cooperate and provide mutual support within the framework of regional and international organizations, such as the BSEC, the Central European Initiative, the OSCE, the Council of Europe, the United Nations.

Bulgaria, has confirmed readiness to promote the European and Euro-Atlantic integration of Ukraine. It occupies an important place in the Balkan direction of Ukraine's foreign policy interests, which is due to the geopolitical position of the country in the Balkans, the proximity of interests in the Black Sea and the Danube region. Ukraine and Bulgaria are united by ethnic, linguistic and religious components, traditional economic, trade and cultural-historical ties.

Bulgaria is an important market for Ukrainian products and the largest trade and economic partner of Ukraine in the Balkan region. In 2017, foreign trade between Ukraine and Bulgaria demonstrated growth dynamics.

 United Kingdom 1879 See Bulgaria–United Kingdom relations

Oceania

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Australia 1972
  • Australia is accredited to Bulgaria from its embassy in Athens, Greece and maintains an honorary consulate in Sofia.[126]
  • Bulgaria has an embassy in Canberra.[127]
 New Zealand
  • Bulgaria is accredited to New Zealand from its embassy in Canberra, Australia.
  • New Zealand is accredited to Bulgaria from its embassy in Brussels, Belgium.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Republic of Bulgaria Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Retrieved 9 April 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ Bechev, Dimitar (2020-07-20). "Living on the Periphery: Bulgaria's Geopolitics Reconsidered". Southeastern Europe. 44 (2): 157–176. doi:10.30965/18763332-04402003. ISSN 0094-4467.
  3. ^ Stephane Lefebvre, "Bulgaria's foreign relations in the post-communist era: a general overview and assessment." East European Quarterly 28.4 (1994): 453-471.
  4. ^ "Former French leader Sarkozy held over Libyan funding inquiry". Reuters. 20 March 2018. Archived from the original on 21 July 2018. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  5. ^ "Gaddafi, Sarkozy Involved N-Plant Deal in Rescue of Bulgarian Medics – Report". Novinite. 30 April 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
  6. ^ "The Bulgaria 2010 Review: Diplomacy and Foreign Policy - Novinite.com - Sofia News Agency".
  7. ^ "Установяване, прекъсване u възстановяване на дипломатическите отношения на България (1878-2005)" (in Bulgarian).
  8. ^ "Bulgária" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 21 July 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Diplomatic relations between Bulgaria and ..." United Nations Digital Library. Retrieved 21 July 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ "Twenty Years of Diplomatic Relations: the Grand Master Receives the Vice President of Bulgaria". 11 November 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2021.
  11. ^ "Демократична република Източен Тимор". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria (in Bulgarian). Retrieved 21 July 2021.
  12. ^ "Tabela priznanja i uspostavljanja diplomatskih odnosa". Montenegro Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration. Retrieved 16 April 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  13. ^ "Установихме дипломатически отношения с Република Джибути". News.bg (in Bulgarian). 21 February 2007. Retrieved 21 July 2021.
  14. ^ "10 years after Bulgaria recognized Kosovo, bilateral relations mark progress". BNR. 20 March 2018.
  15. ^ "Rapport de Politique Extérieure 2007" (in French). p. 44. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  16. ^ Algerian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Bulgaria (in French only)[permanent dead link]
  17. ^ "Bulgarian embassy in Algiers".
  18. ^ "Bulgarian embassy in Luanda".
  19. ^ "Untitled Page". www.angolanembassy.gr. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2009-05-15.
  20. ^ "Bulgarian embassy in Rabat". Archived from the original on 2008-09-26. Retrieved 2009-05-15.
  21. ^ "South African Embassy in Sofia".
  22. ^ "Bulgarian embassy in Tunis".
  23. ^ Tunisian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Bulgaria (in French only)
  24. ^ "Diplomatic relations list" (PDF). www.mfa.gov.bz. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-12-30. Retrieved 2016-12-30.
  25. ^ "Министерство на външните работи - Намери посолство". Министерство на външните работи.
  26. ^ Bulgarian embassy in Ottawa Archived 2009-02-02 at the Wayback Machine
  27. ^ "BG Consultores". www.bgconsultor.com.
  28. ^ Canadian Foreign Affairs and International Trade Office about the relations with Bulgaria Archived 2009-01-25 at the Wayback Machine
  29. ^ "Министерство на външните работи - Намери посолство". Министерство на външните работи.
  30. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". www.mfa.bg.
  31. ^ "Inicio". embamex.sre.gob.mx.
  32. ^ Paraguayan Ministry of Foreign Relations Archived 2009-06-01 at the Wayback Machine
  33. ^ "Peruvian Ministry of Foreign Relations about relations with Bulgaria (in Spanish only)". Archived from the original on 2011-05-26. Retrieved 2009-05-15.
  34. ^ "Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: direction of the Afghan embassy in Sofia".
  35. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  36. ^ Bulgarian embassy in Yerevan Archived December 19, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  37. ^ "Parliament Passes Resolution on Armenians". www.bta.bg. Retrieved 2020-05-15.
  38. ^ "技術力を太陽光発電台湾". www.azerembsof.com. Archived from the original on 2015-02-20. Retrieved 2009-05-15.
  39. ^ "Embassy of Bulgaria in Azerbaijan - VisaHQ". bulgaria.visahq.com.
  40. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  41. ^ "Embassy Of The People's Republic Of China In The Republic Of Bulgaria". www.chinaembassy.bg.
  42. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  43. ^ "Georgian embassy in Sofia". Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2009-05-15.
  44. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  45. ^ "Embassy of India, Sofia, Bulgaria". www.indembsofia.org.
  46. ^ Official Website of the Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia in Sofia, Bulgaria Archived 2009-06-26 at the Wayback Machine
  47. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  48. ^ "Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: direction of the Iranian embassy in Sofia".
  49. ^ Iranian embassy in Sofia Archived 2009-05-13 at the Wayback Machine
  50. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  51. ^ "Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: direction of the Iraqi embassy in Sofia".
  52. ^ "Bulgarian embassy in Tel Aviv".
  53. ^ "Israeli embassy in Sofia".
  54. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  55. ^ "redirect". www.bg.emb-japan.go.jp.
  56. ^ "Kazakhstan, Astana, Embassy of the Republic of Bulgaria". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 2020-08-30.
  57. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  58. ^ "Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: direction of the Lebanese embassy in Sofia".
  59. ^ "Bulgarian embassy in Islamabad".
  60. ^ Bulgarian embassy in Seoul Archived July 8, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  61. ^ "МВнР :: Корея, Сеул, Посолство на Република България".
  62. ^ South Korean embassy in Sofia Archived March 13, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  63. ^ "주 불가리아 대한민국 대사관".
  64. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  65. ^ Syrian embassy in Sofia[permanent dead link]
  66. ^ "Bulgarian embassy in Bangkok".
  67. ^ "Thailand Opens Sofia Consulate with Unique Royal Decree - Novinite.com - Sofia News Agency".
  68. ^ "Thai Village in Bulgaria".[permanent dead link]
  69. ^ "Embassy of Bulgaria in Turkey - VisaHQ". bulgaria.visahq.com.
  70. ^ Turkish embassy in Sofia Archived August 8, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  71. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  72. ^ admin. "- Bulgaria". www.mofa.gov.vn.
  73. ^ a b Bulgaria. Embassy Pages.
  74. ^ "Austrian Foreign Ministry: list of bilateral treaties with Bulgaria (in German only)". Archived from the original on 2012-02-20. Retrieved 2009-05-15.
  75. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  76. ^ "belembassy.org - This website is for sale! - Посольства адреса координаты Resources and Information". www.belembassy.org. ((cite web)): Cite uses generic title (help)
  77. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  78. ^ "Diplomatie.be". www.diplomatie.be.
  79. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  80. ^ "Bulgarian embassy in Sarajevo".
  81. ^ "Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: direction of the Bosnian embassy in Sofia".
  82. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  83. ^ "MVPEI". 19 July 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19.
  84. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  85. ^ "Czech Republic embassy in Sofia".
  86. ^ "Bulgarian embassy in Berlin (in German and Bulgarian only)". Archived from the original on 2011-08-11. Retrieved 2009-05-15.
  87. ^ "German embassy in Sofia (in German and Bulgarian only)". Archived from the original on 2011-01-07. Retrieved 2009-05-15.
  88. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  89. ^ "Bulgaria - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". www.embassyofireland.bg.
  90. ^ "Bulgarian embassy in Rome".
  91. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи. Archived from the original on 2009-04-16. Retrieved 2009-05-15.
  92. ^ Italian embassy in Sofia
  93. ^ "Sofia Officially Recognizes Pristina Sovereignty". novinite.com. 2008-03-20. Retrieved 2008-03-20.
  94. ^ "Bulgaria to Issue Visas in Pristina", BalkanInsight.com, 27 May 2008. Link accessed 2008-05-27.
  95. ^ "Bulgarian Foreign Ministry: direction of the Bulgarian honorary consulate in Riga".
  96. ^ "Bulgarian Foreign Ministry: direction of the Latvian honorary consulate in Sofia".
  97. ^ "Bulgarian embassy in Vilnius".
  98. ^ "Lithuanian Ministry of Foreign affairs".
  99. ^ "Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs".
  100. ^ "Maltese Ministry of Foreign Affairs".
  101. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  102. ^ Bulgarian embassy The Hague Archived June 21, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  103. ^ Dutch embassy Sofia Archived December 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  104. ^ Bulgarian Policies on the Republic of North Macedonia: Recommendations on the development of good neighbourly relations following Bulgaria’s accession to the EU and in the context of NATO and EU enlargement in the Western Balkans. Sofia: Manfred Wörner Foundation, 2008. 80 pp. (Trilingual publication in Bulgarian, Macedonian and English) ISBN 978-954-92032-2-6
  105. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  106. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  107. ^ "Ambasada RP w Sofii". www.polamba-bg.org.
  108. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  109. ^ "Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: direction of the Portuguese embassy in Sofia".
  110. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  111. ^ "Russian embassy in Sofia". Archived from the original on 2009-03-16. Retrieved 2009-05-15.
  112. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  113. ^ Slovakia has an embassy in Sofia Archived 2012-07-18 at the Wayback Machine
  114. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  115. ^ Slovenian Foreign Ministry: directions of diplomatic representation of both countries Archived 2007-11-26 at the Wayback Machine
  116. ^ "Bulgarian embassy in Madrid".
  117. ^ Spanish embassy in Sofia (in Bulgarian and Spanish only) Archived 2008-04-23 at the Wayback Machine
  118. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  119. ^ "Swedish embassy in Sofia". Archived from the original on 2011-01-25. Retrieved 2009-05-15.
  120. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  121. ^ "Schweizerische Botschaft in Bulgarien". www.eda.admin.ch.
  122. ^ "Министерство на външните работи". Министерство на външните работи.
  123. ^ "Ukraine s Honorary Consulate to open in Burgas".
  124. ^ Bulgarian embassy in London
  125. ^ "British embassy in Sofia". Archived from the original on 2008-05-27. Retrieved 2019-05-03.
  126. ^ "Bulgaria". Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.
  127. ^ "The Embassy of the Republic of Bulgaria in Canberra". www.bulgaria.org.au.