|President of the Republic of Lithuania|
|Lietuvos Respublikos Prezidentas|
|Style||Mr. President (informal)|
His Excellency (diplomatic)
|Type||Head of state|
|Member of||European Council|
|Residence||Presidential Palace, Vilnius|
|Term length||Five years, renewable once consecutively|
|Inaugural holder||Antanas Smetona|
|Formation||4 April 1919|
|Deputy||Speaker of the Seimas|
|Salary||€10,230 per month (before tax)|
The president of the Republic of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublikos Prezidentas) is the head of state of Lithuania. The president directs the executive branch of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania and is the commander-in-chief of the Lithuanian Armed Forces. The current president is Gitanas Nausėda who assumed office on July 12, 2019.
The Lithuanian president has somewhat more executive authority than their counterparts in neighboring Estonia and Latvia; the Lithuanian president's function is very similar to that of the presidents of France and Romania. Similarly to them, but unlike presidents in a fully presidential system such as the United States, the Lithuanian president generally has the most authority in foreign affairs. In addition to the customary diplomatic powers of Heads of State, namely receiving the letters of credence of foreign ambassadors and signing treaties, the president determines Lithuania's basic foreign policy guidelines. The president is also the commander-in-chief of the Lithuanian Armed Forces, and accordingly heads the State Defense Council and has the right to appoint the Chief of Defence (subject to Seimas consent).
The president also has a significant role in domestic policy, possessing the right to submit bills to the Seimas and to veto laws passed by it, appointing the prime minister and approving the government formed by them, and also having the right to dissolve the Seimas and call snap elections following a successful motion of no confidence or if the Seimas refuses to approve the government's budget within sixty days. However, the next elected Seimas may retaliate by calling for an earlier presidential election.
Finally, the president ensures an effective judiciary, being responsible for nominating one third of the judges of the Constitutional Court, and the entirety of the Supreme Court, for appointment by the Seimas; the president also has the right to directly appoint all other judges.
Under the Constitution of Lithuania adopted in 1992, the president is elected to a five-year term under a modified two-round system: a candidate requires an absolute majority of the vote and either voter turnout to be above 50% or for their vote share to be equivalent to at least one-third of the number of registered voters to win the election in the first round. If no candidate does so, the two candidates with the most votes face each other in a second round held two weeks later. Upon taking office, the president must suspend any formal membership in a political party.
If the president dies or becomes incapacitated while in office, the Speaker of the Seimas assumes the office until a new president can be inaugurated following fresh elections.
|Elected||Took office||Left office||Affiliation/notes|
|President of the Republic of Lithuania|
|1919||4 April 1919||19 June 1920||First president of the Republic of Lithuania.|
|Chairman of the Constituent Assembly Aleksandras Stulginskis served as acting president from 19 June 1920 to 21 December 1922.|
|1922||21 December 1922||7 June 1926|
|1926||7 June 1926||18 December 1926||Last democratically elected president of the Republic of Lithuania during the interwar period.|
|Following the 1926 Lithuanian coup d'état, Jonas Staugaitis and Aleksandras Stulginskis served as acting presidents from 18 December 1926 to 19 December 1926.|
|1926||19 December 1926||15 June 1940||Undemocratically elected authoritarian leader serving as head of state until Lithuania's occupation by the Soviet Union in 1940.|
|Following the Soviet occupation but before its incorporation into the Soviet Union as the Lithuanian SSR, Prime Minister Antanas Merkys served as acting president until Justas Paleckis was installed by the Soviets three days later.|
|Position abolished under the Lithuanian SSR during the Soviet occupation of 1940–1990|
|General Jonas Žemaitis was posthomously recognised as acting president from 16 February 1949 to 26 November 1954.|
|Colonel Adolfas Ramanauskas was posthomously recognised as acting president from 26 November 1954 to 29 November 1957.|
|Following the re-establishment of independence in 1990, position remained abolished under the Provisional Basic Law until re-established by the Constitution of Lithuania in 1992.|
|Speaker of the Seimas Algirdas Brazauskas served as acting president from 25 November 1992 to 25 February 1993.|
|1993||25 February 1993||25 February 1998||First directly elected president of the Republic of Lithuania.|
|1997–98||26 February 1998||26 February 2003|
|2002–03||26 February 2003||6 April 2004||Impeached and removed from office.|
|Speaker of the Seimas Artūras Paulauskas served as acting president from 6 April to 12 July 2004.|
|2004||12 July 2004||12 July 2009|
|12 July 2009||12 July 2019||First female president of Lithuania. Became the first president to be reelected.|
|2019||12 July 2019||Incumbent|