.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Lithuanian. (September 2021) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 269 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Lithuanian Wikipedia article at [[:lt:Lietuvos prezidentas]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|lt|Lietuvos prezidentas)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
President of the Republic of Lithuania
Lietuvos Respublikos Prezidentas
Coat of arms of the President of Lithuania (2).svg
Flag of the President of Lithuania.svg
Gitanas Nausėda official portrait.jpg
Gitanas Nausėda
since 12 July 2019
StyleMr. President (informal)
His Excellency (diplomatic)
TypeHead of state
Member ofEuropean Council
ResidencePresidential Palace, Vilnius
AppointerDirect election
Term lengthFive years, renewable once consecutively
Inaugural holderAntanas Smetona
Formation4 April 1919; 103 years ago (1919-04-04)
DeputySpeaker of the Seimas
Salary€10,230 per month (before tax)[1]

The President of the Republic of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublikos Prezidentas) is the head of state of Lithuania. The officeholder has been Gitanas Nausėda since 12 July 2019.


The president has somewhat more executive authority than his counterparts in Estonia and Latvia; his function is very similar to that of the presidents of France and Romania. Similarly to them, but unlike presidents in a fully presidential system such as the United States, he generally has the most authority in foreign affairs. In addition to the customary diplomatic powers of Heads of State, namely receiving the letters of credence of foreign ambassadors and signing treaties, the president determines Lithuania's basic foreign policy guidelines. He is also the commander-in-chief of the Lithuanian Armed Forces, and accordingly heads the State Defense Council and has the right to appoint the Chief of Defence (subject to Seimas consent).[2]

The president also has a significant role in domestic policy. He has the right to submit bills to the Seimas and to veto laws passed by it, appoints the prime minister and approves the government formed by him, and has the right to dissolve the Seimas and call snap elections following a successful motion of no confidence or if the Seimas refuses to approve the government's budget within sixty days. However, the next elected Seimas may retaliate by calling for an earlier presidential election.[3]

Finally, the president ensures an effective judiciary; he nominates one-third of the judges of the Constitutional Court, and the entirety of the Supreme Court, for appointment by the Seimas, and has the right to directly appoint all other judges.


Under the Constitution of Lithuania adopted in 1992, the president is elected to a five-year term under a modified two-round system: a candidate requires an absolute majority of the vote and either voter turnout to be above 50% or for their vote share to be equivalent to at least one-third of the number of registered voters to win the election in the first round.[4] If no candidate does so, the two candidates with the most votes face each other in a second round held two weeks later. Upon taking office, the president must suspend any formal membership in a political party.[3]

If the president dies or becomes incapacitated while in office, the Speaker of the Seimas assumes the office until a new president can be inaugurated following fresh elections.

List of presidents (1919–present)

No Portrait Name
Elected Took office Left office Affiliation/notes
President of the Republic of Lithuania
Antanas Smetona 2.jpg
Antanas Smetona
1919 4 April 1919 19 June 1920 First president of the Republic of Lithuania.
Chairman of the Constituent Assembly Aleksandras Stulginskis served as acting president from 19 June 1919 to 21 December 1922.
Aleksandras Stulginskis (1885-1969).jpg
Aleksandras Stulginskis
1922 21 December 1922 7 June 1926
Kazys Grinius.jpg
Kazys Grinius
1926 7 June 1926 18 December 1926 Last democratically elected president of the Republic of Lithuania during the interwar period.
Following the 1926 Lithuanian coup d'état, Jonas Staugaitis and Aleksandras Stulginskis served as acting presidents from 18 December 1926 to 19 December 1926.
Antanas Smetona 2.jpg
Antanas Smetona
1926 19 December 1926 15 June 1940 Undemocratically elected authoritarian leader serving as head of state until Lithuania's occupation by the Soviet Union in 1940.
Position abolished during the Soviet occupation of 1940–1990
Speaker of the Seimas Algirdas Brazauskas served as acting president from 25 November 1992 to 25 February 1993.
Algirdas Brazauskas.webp
Algirdas Brazauskas
1993 25 February 1993 25 February 1998 First directly elected president of the Republic of Lithuania.
BDF Summit 2010.06.01 587 (4709180104) (cropped).jpg
Valdas Adamkus
(born 1926)
1997–98 26 February 1998 26 February 2003
2009 m. Respublikos Prezidento rinkimai Paksas (cropped).jpg
Rolandas Paksas
(born 1956)
2002–03 26 February 2003 6 April 2004 Impeached and removed from office.
Speaker of the Seimas Artūras Paulauskas served as acting president from 6 April to 12 July 2004.
BDF Summit 2010.06.01 587 (4709180104) (cropped).jpg
Valdas Adamkus
(born 1926)
2004 12 July 2004 12 July 2009
Dalia Grybauskaitė official portrait (cropped).jpg
Dalia Grybauskaitė
(born 1956)
12 July 2009 12 July 2019 First female president of Lithuania. Became the first president to be reelected.
Gitanas Nausėda official portrait (cropped).jpg
Gitanas Nausėda
(born 1964)
2019 12 July 2019 Incumbent

See also


  1. ^ "2023 metų biudžetas: kiek „į rankas" gaus pensininkas, mokytojas, prezidentas".
  2. ^ Presidential Functions | President of the Republic of Lithuania
  3. ^ a b Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania - Seimas site
  4. ^ Lithuania: Election for President IFES