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Prime Minister of Montenegro
Предсједник Владе Црне Горе
Coat of arms of Montenegro (seal).svg
Dritan Abazovic (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Dritan Abazović

since April 28, 2022
AppointerParliament of Montenegro
Term lengthNo term limit
Inaugural holderBožo Petrović-Njegoš
FormationMarch 20, 1879
SalaryUS$15,522 annually[1]
Websitewww.gov.me

The prime minister of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Премијер/Премијерка Црне Горе, romanizedPremijer/Premijerka Crne Gore), officially the president of the Government of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Предсједник/Предсједница Владе Црне Горе, romanizedPredsjednik/Predsjednica Vlade Crne Gore), is the head of the government of Montenegro. The role of the prime minister is to direct the work of the government, and to submit to the Parliament the government's program, which includes a list of proposed ministers. The resignation of the prime minister would cause the dissolution of his government.

The current prime minister, Dritan Abazović, a leader of civic political party United Reform Action, was approved by the Parliament of Montenegro on April 28, 2022, after the formation of the 43rd government of Montenegro in Cetinje.[2]

History

The first modern Montenegrin government was established on March 20, 1879, during the Principality of Montenegro. The title of the head of government was President of the Ministerial Council (Предсједник Министарског савјета).

On August 28, 1910, Montenegro was proclaimed a kingdom. During both the principality and the kingdom, the office was of no major importance or influence but depended solely on the will of the sovereign Nikola I. After the capitulation of Montenegro to the Central Powers on January 15, 1916, during World War I, the government went into exile and remained abroad until it ceased to exist. After the decision of the Podgorica Assembly on November 26, 1918, to unify Montenegro with Serbia and the subsequent formation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, Stojan Protić became the prime minister of the newly formed Kingdom on December 20, 1918. The deposed King Nikola I continued to appoint prime ministers of Montenegro in exile until his death in 1921. The government of Montenegro in exile ceased to exist shortly afterwards, in 1922.

Under the communist regime, Montenegro obtained its own government on March 7, 1945. On that day, a ministry for Montenegro was created within the government of Yugoslavia (as for all the other five republics), with a minister for Montenegro in charge of creating the first real government of post-war Montenegro, which took place on April 17, 1945. Governments were headed by a prime minister until February 4, 1953, by a president of the Executive Council until January 15, 1991, and again by a prime minister since then.

List of prime ministers of Montenegro

Preceding posts

Main articles: Guvernadur of Montenegro and President of the Governing senate of Montenegro

Monarchy

See also: Principality of Montenegro and Kingdom of Montenegro

  True People's Party   People's Party   Non-party

Head of Government Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Monarch
Took office Left office Time in office
Principality of Montenegro Nikola I
Kingnicholas.jpg

(1860–1921)
1
Bozo Petrovic-Njegos portrait.tif
Vojvoda
Božo Petrović-Njegoš
(1846–1929)
March 20, 1879 December 19, 1905 26 years, 274 days Independent
2
Lazar Mijušković.jpg
Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
December 19, 1905 November 24, 1906 340 days True People's Party
3
Radulović Marko.jpg
Marko Radulović
(1866–1935)
November 24, 1906 February 1, 1907 69 days People's Party
4
Andrija Radovic.jpg
Andrija Radović
(1872–1947)
February 1, 1907 April 17, 1907 75 days People's Party
5
Dr Lazar Tomanović .jpg
Lazar Tomanović
(1845–1932)
April 17, 1907 August 28, 1910 3 years, 133 days Independent
Kingdom of Montenegro
(5)
Dr Lazar Tomanović .jpg
Lazar Tomanović
(1845–1932)
August 28, 1910 June 19, 1912 1 year, 296 days Independent
6
Mitar Martinovich Min of Montenegro.jpg
Vojvoda
Mitar Martinović
(1870–1954)
June 19, 1912 May 8, 1913 323 days True People's Party
7
Brigadir Janko Vukotic.jpg
Serdar
Janko Vukotić
(1866–1927)
May 8, 1913 July 16, 1915 2 years, 69 days Independent
8
Milo Matanović.jpg
General
Milo Matanović
(1879–1955)
July 16, 1915 January 2, 1916 170 days Independent
(2)
Lazar Mijuškovic 1916.jpg
Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
January 2, 1916 January 25, 1916 23 days True People's Party
Montenegrin government-in-exile
(2)
Lazar Mijuškovic 1916.jpg
Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
January 25, 1916 May 12, 1916 108 days True People's Party
(4)
Andrija Radovic.jpg
Andrija Radović
(1872–1947)
May 12, 1916 January 17, 1917 250 days People's Party
(8)
Milo Matanović.jpg
General
Milo Matanović
(1879–1955)
January 17, 1917 June 11, 1917 145 days Independent
9
Evgenije Popović.jpg
Evgenije Popović
(1842–1931)
June 11, 1917 February 17, 1919 1 year, 251 days Independent
10
Anto Gvozdenović (cropped).jpg
General
Anto Gvozdenović
(1853–1935)
February 17, 1919 March 1, 1921 2 years, 12 days Independent
11
Jovan S. Plamenac.jpg
Jovan Plamenac
(1873–1944)
March 1, 1921 January 13, 1922 318 days True People's Party Mihailo
Mihailo Petrovich Negosh.jpg

(1921–1922)
12
Milutin Vučinić.jpg
General
Milutin Vučinić
(1869–1922)
January 13, 1922 February 13, 1922 31 days True People's Party
(10)
Anto Gvozdenović (cropped).jpg
General
Anto Gvozdenović
(1853–1935)
February 13, 1922 July 13, 1922 150 days Independent
From 1922 until 1941 territory of Montenegro was part of Zeta oblast and later banovina within Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Heads of administrations before 1945

Main articles: List of Bans of Zeta and Governorate of Montenegro § Administration

Socialist republic

See also: Socialist Republic of Montenegro

  Communist Party/League of Communists

Head of Government Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
Minister for Montenegro
Milovan Đilas.jpg
Milovan Đilas
(1911–1995)
March 7, 1945 April 17, 1945 41 days Communist Party
Prime Minister of NR Montenegro
1
(13)
Blažo Jovanović.jpg
General
Blažo Jovanović
(1907–1976)
April 17, 1945 February 4, 1953 7 years, 293 days Communist Party
(party renamed)
League of Communists
(party renamed)
President of the Executive Council
1
(13)
Blažo Jovanović.jpg
General
Blažo Jovanović
(1907–1976)
February 4, 1953 December 16, 1953 315 days League of Communists
2
(14)
Filip Bajkovic.jpg
Filip Bajković
(1910–1985)
December 16, 1953 July 12, 1962 8 years, 208 days League of Communists
3
(15)
Đorđije Pajković.jpg
Đorđije Pajković
(1917–1980)
July 12, 1962 June 25, 1963 348 days League of Communists
4
(16)
Veselin Đuranović.jpg
Veselin Đuranović
(1925–1997)
June 25, 1963 December 8, 1966 3 years, 166 days League of Communists
5
(17)
Mijuško Šibalić.jpg
Mijuško Šibalić
(1915–1995)
December 8, 1966 May 5, 1967 148 days League of Communists
6
(18)
Vidoje Zarkovic.jpg
Vidoje Žarković
(1927–2000)
May 5, 1967 October 7, 1969 2 years, 155 days League of Communists
7
(19)
Unknown-person.gif
Žarko Bulajić
(1922–2009)
October 7, 1969 May 6, 1974 4 years, 211 days League of Communists
8
(20)
Marko Orlandić.jpg
Marko Orlandić
(1930–2019)
May 6, 1974 April 28, 1978 3 years, 357 days League of Communists
9
(21)
Momčilo Cemović.jpg
Momčilo Cemović
(1928–2001)
April 28, 1978 May 7, 1982 4 years, 9 days League of Communists
10
(22)
Radivoje Brajović.jpg
Radivoje Brajović
(born 1935)
May 7, 1982 June 6, 1986 4 years, 30 days League of Communists
11
(23)
Unknown-person.gif
Vuko Vukadinović
(1937–1993)
June 6, 1986 March 29, 1989 2 years, 296 days League of Communists
12
(24)
Stevan Kragujevic,Radoje Kontic, jugoslovenski i crnogorski politicar.JPG
Radoje Kontić
(born 1937)
March 29, 1989 February 15, 1991 1 year, 323 days League of Communists

Parliamentary republic

See also: Republic of Montenegro (1992–2006) and Montenegro

  Democratic Party of Socialists   United Reform Action   Independent

Head of Government Name
(Birth–Death)
Election Term of office Political party President
Took office Left office Time in office
Republic of Montenegro
1
(25)
Milo Đukanović.jpg
Milo Đukanović
(born 1962)
1990
1992
1996
February 15, 1991 February 5, 1998 6 years, 355 days Democratic Party of Socialists Momir Bulatović
Momir Bulatović (cropped).jpg

(1990–1998)
2
(26)
Filip Vujanović June 2015 (cropped).jpg
Filip Vujanović
(born 1954)
1998
2001
February 5, 1998 January 8, 2003 4 years, 337 days Democratic Party of Socialists Milo Đukanović
Milo Đukanović at the Enthronement of Naruhito (1).jpg

(1998–2002)
(1)
(25)
Milo Đukanović.jpg
Milo Đukanović
(born 1962)
2002 January 8, 2003 May 21, 2006 3 years, 133 days Democratic Party of Socialists Filip Vujanović
Filip Vujanović June 2015 (cropped).jpg

(2003–2018)
Independent Montenegro
(1)
(25)
Milo Đukanović.jpg
Milo Đukanović
(born 1962)
 — May 21, 2006 November 10, 2006 173 days Democratic Party of Socialists
3
(27)
Желько Штуранович (cropped).jpg
Željko Šturanović
(1960–2014)
2006 November 10, 2006 February 29, 2008 1 year, 111 days Democratic Party of Socialists
(1)
(25)
Milo Đukanović.jpg
Milo Đukanović
(born 1962)
2009 February 29, 2008 December 29, 2010 2 years, 304 days Democratic Party of Socialists
4
(28)
Luksic portrait.jpg
Igor Lukšić
(born 1976)
 — December 29, 2010 December 4, 2012 1 year, 341 days Democratic Party of Socialists
(1)
(25)
Milo Đukanović.jpg
Milo Đukanović
(born 1962)
2012 December 4, 2012 November 28, 2016 3 years, 360 days Democratic Party of Socialists
5
(29)
Duško Marković.jpg
Duško Marković
(born 1959)
2016 November 28, 2016 December 4, 2020 4 years, 6 days Democratic Party of Socialists Milo Đukanović
Milo Đukanović at the Enthronement of Naruhito (1).jpg

(2018–present)
6
(30)
Zdravko Krivokapić, June 2021.jpg
Zdravko Krivokapić
(born 1957)
2020 December 4, 2020 April 28, 2022 1 year, 145 days Independent
Ne damo Crnu Goru
7
(31)
Dritan Abazovic (cropped).jpg
Dritan Abazović
(born 1985)
 — April 28, 2022 Incumbent 15 days United Reform Action

Living former prime ministers

There are currently 7 living former prime ministers of Montenegro:

Name Term Date of birth
Radivoje Brajović 1982–1986 (1935-01-11) January 11, 1935 (age 87)
Radoje Kontić 1989–1991 (1937-05-31) May 31, 1937 (age 84)
Milo Đukanović 1991–1998
2003–2006
2008–2010
2012–2016
(1962-02-15) February 15, 1962 (age 60)
Filip Vujanović 1998–2003 (1954-09-01) September 1, 1954 (age 67)
Igor Lukšić 2010–2012 (1976-06-14) June 14, 1976 (age 45)
Duško Marković 2016–2020 (1959-07-06) July 6, 1959 (age 62)
Zdravko Krivokapić 2020–2022 (1958-09-02) September 2, 1958 (age 63)

The most recent deaths of a former prime minister of Montenegro are those of Željko Šturanović (2006–2008) in 2014, and Marko Orlandić (1974–1978) in 2019.

See also

References

  1. ^ Tota, Elton (26 December 2017). "Kosovo's PM is the highest paid in the region". Independent Balkan News Agency. Archived from the original on 19 August 2018. Retrieved 4 May 2022.
  2. ^ "Izabrana 43. Vlada Crne Gore". vijesti.me (in Serbian). Retrieved 28 April 2022.