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Prime Minister of Montenegro
Предсједник Владе Црне Горе
Incumbent
Milojko Spajić
since 31 October 2023
AppointerParliament of Montenegro
Term lengthNo term limit
Inaugural holderBožo Petrović-Njegoš
Formation20 March 1879
SalaryUS$15,522 annually[1]
Websitewww.gov.me

The prime minister of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Премијер/Премијерка Црне Горе, romanizedPremijer/Premijerka Crne Gore), officially the president of the Government of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Предсједник/Предсједница Владе Црне Горе, romanizedPredsjednik/Predsjednica Vlade Crne Gore), is the head of the government of Montenegro. The role of the prime minister is to direct the work of the government, and to submit to the Parliament the government's program, which includes a list of proposed ministers. The resignation of the prime minister would cause the dissolution of his government.

The current prime minister, Milojko Spajić, leader of the political party Europe Now!, was approved by the Parliament of Montenegro on 31 October 2023, after the formation of the 44th government of Montenegro.[2]

History

The first modern Montenegrin government was established on 20 March 1879, during the Principality of Montenegro. The title of the head of government was President of the Ministerial Council (Предсједник Министарског савјета).

On 28 August 1910, Montenegro was proclaimed a kingdom. During both the principality and the kingdom, the office was of no major importance or influence but depended solely on the will of the sovereign Nikola I. After the capitulation of Montenegro to the Central Powers on 15 January 1916, during World War I, the government went into exile and remained abroad until it ceased to exist. After the decision of the Podgorica Assembly on 26 November 1918, to unify Montenegro with Serbia and the subsequent formation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, Stojan Protić became the prime minister of the newly formed Kingdom on 20 December 1918. The deposed King Nikola I continued to appoint prime ministers of Montenegro in exile until his death in 1921. The government of Montenegro in exile ceased to exist the next year.

Under the communist regime, Montenegro obtained its own government on 7 March 1945. On that day, a ministry for Montenegro was created within the government of Yugoslavia (as for all the other five republics), with a minister for Montenegro in charge of creating the first real government of post-war Montenegro, which took place on 17 April 1945. Governments were headed by a prime minister until 4 February 1953, by a president of the Executive Council until 15 January 1991, and again by a prime minister since then.

List of prime ministers of Montenegro

Preceding posts

Main articles: Guvernadur of Montenegro and President of the Governing senate of Montenegro

Monarchy

See also: Principality of Montenegro and Kingdom of Montenegro

  True People's Party   People's Party   Non-party

Head of Government Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Monarch
Took office Left office Time in office
Principality of Montenegro Nikola I

(1860–1921)
1 Vojvoda
Božo Petrović-Njegoš
(1846–1929)
20 March 1879 19 December 1905 26 years, 274 days Independent
2 Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
19 December 1905 24 November 1906 340 days True People's Party
3 Marko Radulović
(1866–1935)
24 November 1906 1 February 1907 69 days People's Party
4 Andrija Radović
(1872–1947)
1 February 1907 17 April 1907 75 days People's Party
5 Lazar Tomanović
(1845–1932)
17 April 1907 28 August 1910 3 years, 133 days Independent
Kingdom of Montenegro
(5) Lazar Tomanović
(1845–1932)
28 August 1910 19 June 1912 1 year, 296 days Independent
6 Vojvoda
Mitar Martinović
(1870–1954)
19 June 1912 8 May 1913 323 days True People's Party
7 Serdar
Janko Vukotić
(1866–1927)
8 May 1913 16 July 1915 2 years, 69 days Independent
8 General
Milo Matanović
(1879–1955)
16 July 1915 2 January 1916 170 days Independent
(2) Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
2 January 1916 25 January 1916 23 days True People's Party
Montenegrin government-in-exile
(2) Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
25 January 1916 12 May 1916 108 days True People's Party
(4) Andrija Radović
(1872–1947)
12 May 1916 17 January 1917 250 days People's Party
(8) General
Milo Matanović
(1879–1955)
17 January 1917 11 June 1917 145 days Independent
9 Evgenije Popović
(1842–1931)
11 June 1917 17 February 1919 1 year, 251 days Independent
10 General
Anto Gvozdenović
(1853–1935)
17 February 1919 1 March 1921 2 years, 12 days Independent
11 Jovan Plamenac
(1873–1944)
1 March 1921 13 January 1922 318 days True People's Party Mihailo

(1921–1922)
12 General
Milutin Vučinić
(1869–1922)
13 January 1922 13 February 1922 31 days True People's Party
(10) General
Anto Gvozdenović
(1853–1935)
13 February 1922 13 July 1922 150 days Independent
From 1922 until 1941 territory of Montenegro was part of Zeta oblast and later banovina within Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Heads of administrations before 1945

Main articles: List of Bans of Zeta and Governorate of Montenegro § Administration

Socialist republic

See also: Socialist Republic of Montenegro

  Communist Party/League of Communists

Head of Government Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
Minister for Montenegro
Milovan Đilas
(1911–1995)
7 March 1945 17 April 1945 41 days Communist Party
Prime Minister of NR Montenegro
1
(13)
General
Blažo Jovanović
(1907–1976)
17 April 1945 4 February 1953 7 years, 293 days Communist Party
(party renamed)
League of Communists
(party renamed)
President of the Executive Council
1
(13)
General
Blažo Jovanović
(1907–1976)
4 February 1953 16 December 1953 315 days League of Communists
2
(14)
Filip Bajković
(1910–1985)
16 December 1953 12 July 1962 8 years, 208 days League of Communists
3
(15)
Đorđije Pajković
(1917–1980)
12 July 1962 25 June 1963 348 days League of Communists
4
(16)
Veselin Đuranović
(1925–1997)
25 June 1963 8 December 1966 3 years, 166 days League of Communists
5
(17)
Mijuško Šibalić
(1915–1995)
8 December 1966 5 May 1967 148 days League of Communists
6
(18)
Vidoje Žarković
(1927–2000)
5 May 1967 7 October 1969 2 years, 155 days League of Communists
7
(19)
Žarko Bulajić
(1922–2009)
7 October 1969 6 May 1974 4 years, 211 days League of Communists
8
(20)
Marko Orlandić
(1930–2019)
6 May 1974 28 April 1978 3 years, 357 days League of Communists
9
(21)
Momčilo Cemović
(1928–2001)
28 April 1978 7 May 1982 4 years, 9 days League of Communists
10
(22)
Radivoje Brajović
(born 1935)
7 May 1982 6 June 1986 4 years, 30 days League of Communists
11
(23)
Vuko Vukadinović
(1937–1993)
6 June 1986 29 March 1989 2 years, 296 days League of Communists
12
(24)
Radoje Kontić
(born 1937)
29 March 1989 15 February 1991 1 year, 323 days League of Communists

Parliamentary republic

See also: Republic of Montenegro (1992–2006) and Montenegro

  Democratic Party of Socialists   United Reform Action   Independent

Head of Government Name
(Birth–Death)
Election Term of office Political party President
Took office Left office Time in office
Republic of Montenegro
1
(25)
Milo Đukanović
(born 1962)
1990
1992
1996
15 February 1991 5 February 1998 6 years, 355 days Democratic Party of Socialists Momir Bulatović

(1990–1998)
2
(26)
Filip Vujanović
(born 1954)
1998
2001
5 February 1998 8 January 2003 4 years, 337 days Democratic Party of Socialists Milo Đukanović

(1998–2002)
(1)
(25)
Milo Đukanović
(born 1962)
2002 8 January 2003 3 June 2006 3 years, 133 days Democratic Party of Socialists Filip Vujanović

(2003–2018)
Independent Montenegro
(1)
(25)
Milo Đukanović
(born 1962)
 — 3 June 2006 10 November 2006 173 days Democratic Party of Socialists
3
(27)
Željko Šturanović
(1960–2014)
2006 10 November 2006 29 February 2008 1 year, 111 days Democratic Party of Socialists
(1)
(25)
Milo Đukanović
(born 1962)
2009 29 February 2008 29 December 2010 2 years, 304 days Democratic Party of Socialists
4
(28)
Igor Lukšić
(born 1976)
 — 29 December 2010 4 December 2012 1 year, 341 days Democratic Party of Socialists
(1)
(25)
Milo Đukanović
(born 1962)
2012 4 December 2012 28 November 2016 3 years, 360 days Democratic Party of Socialists
5
(29)
Duško Marković
(born 1959)
2016 28 November 2016 4 December 2020 4 years, 6 days Democratic Party of Socialists Milo Đukanović

(2018–2023)
6
(30)
Zdravko Krivokapić
(born 1957)
2020 4 December 2020 28 April 2022 1 year, 145 days Independent
Ne damo Crnu Goru
7
(31)
Dritan Abazović
(born 1985)
 — 28 April 2022 31 October 2023 1 year, 186 days United Reform Action Jakov Milatović

(2023–present)
8
(32)
Milojko Spajić
(born 1987)
2023 31 October 2023 Incumbent 90 days Europe Now!

Timeline

Dritan AbazovićZdravko KrivokapićDuško MarkovićIgor LukšićŽeljko ŠturanovićFilip VujanovićMilo ĐukanovićRadoje KontićVuko VukadinovićRadivoje BrajovićMomčilo CemovićMarko OrlandićŽarko BulajićVidoje ŽarkovićMijuško ŠibalićVeselin ĐuranovićĐorđije PajkovićFilip BajkovićBlažo JovanovićMilovan DjilasMilutin VučinićJovan PlamenacAnto GvozdenovićEvgenije PopovićMilo MatanovićJanko VukotićMitar MartinovićLazar TomanovićAndrija RadovićMarko Radulović (politician)Lazar MijuškovićBožo Petrović-Njegoš

See also

References

  1. ^ Tota, Elton (26 December 2017). "Kosovo's PM is the highest paid in the region". Independent Balkan News Agency. Archived from the original on 19 August 2018. Retrieved 4 May 2022.
  2. ^ "Izabrana 44. Vlada Crne Gore". vijesti.me (in Serbian). Retrieved 31 October 2023.