Prime Minister of the Republic of Iraq
رئيس وزراء العراق (Arabic)
سەرۆک وەزیرانی عێراق (Kurdish)
Coat of arms of Iraq.svg
Iraqi PM Visits Shrine of Imam Reza (AS) in Mashhad (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Mohammed Shia' Al Sudani
since 27 October 2022
StyleHis Excellency
ResidenceRepublican Palace, Baghdad, Iraq
SeatAl Zaqura Building
AppointerChosen by the President
Term lengthFour-year term, renewable[1]
Inaugural holderAbd Al-Rahman Al-Gillani
Formation11 November 1920
Salary96,000 USD annually[2]
Websitehttps://www.pmo.iq https://t.me/IRAQiNM

The prime minister of Iraq is the head of government of Iraq. On 27 October 2022, Mohammed Shia' Al Sudani became the incumbent prime minister.

History

The prime minister was originally[when?] an appointed office, subsidiary to the head of state, and the nominal leader of the Iraqi parliament. Under the 2005 constitution the prime minister is the country's active executive authority. Nouri al-Maliki (formerly Jawad al-Maliki) was selected to be prime minister on 21 April 2006.[3][4] On 14 August 2014, al-Maliki agreed to step down as prime minister of Iraq to allow Haider al-Abadi to take his place.[5] On 25 October 2018, Adil Abdul-Mahdi was sworn into office five months after the 2018 elections until his resignation in 2019.[6] He was once again appointed, this time as a caretaker prime minister due to political dispute.[citation needed] Abdul-Mahdi was replaced by Mustafa Al-Kadhimi, who was approved by the parliament on 7 May 2020.[7] Al-Kadhimi was replaced by Al-Sudani after the 2021 Iraqi parliamentary election.

Appointment

After an election,[citation needed] the Council of Representatives elects the president of the Republic and his deputies, including the president of the Council of Ministers. The Presidency Council must then name a prime minister unanimously within two weeks. If it fails to do so, then the responsibility of naming the prime minister reverts to the National Assembly. In that event, the Council of Representatives must confirm the nomination by an absolute majority. If the prime minister is unable to nominate his Council of Ministers within one month, the Presidency Council must name another prime minister.

Agencies directly subordinate

The Iraqi Counter Terrorism Bureau reports to the prime minister directly. The Iraqi CTB oversees the Iraqi Counter Terrorism Command, a formation that includes all Iraqi Special Operations Forces. As of 30 June 2009, there had been legislation in progress for a year to make the Iraqi CTB a separate ministry.[8]

Seat

Al Zaqura Building in Baghdad (2019)
Al Zaqura Building in Baghdad (2019)

The prime minister's office is located in the Al Zaqura Building in Baghdad.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Iraqi lawmakers pass law to block Maliki from third term". Reuters. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Names and figures .. salaries of the heads of the world".
  3. ^ Iraq parliament elects new leaders CNN, 22 April 2006
  4. ^ Maliki endorsed as new Iraqi PM BBC News, 22 April 2006
  5. ^ "Maliki gives up Iraq PM job to rival". www.aljazeera.com. Al Jazeera and agencies.
  6. ^ "Prime Minister Abdul-Mahdi sworn in with 14 ministers, so far". Rudaw.net. 16 June 2015. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  7. ^ "Mustafa al-Kadhimi sworn in as prime minister of Iraq". Rudaw. 7 May 2020. Retrieved 7 May 2020.
  8. ^ Montrose Toast, Iraqi Counter Terrorism Bureau, 30 June 2009