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Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia
رئيس وزراء المملكة العربية السعودية
Royal Standard of Saudi Arabia.svg
Incumbent
Rodrigo Duterte meets with Salman of Saudi Arabia (2017-04-11) (cropped).jpg
Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
Details
StyleCustodian of the Two Holy Mosques (Formal)
Your Majesty (Informal)
ResidenceAl Saud Palace

The Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia is the chair of the Council of Ministers and formal head of government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Since the reign of King Faisal, the prime minister post has been held by the king.

History

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The office was created along with the Council of Ministers on 9 October 1953, by decree of King Saud. Due to unrest within the royal family over his rule, Saud was forced to appoint his half-brother, Crown Prince Faisal, as prime minister. An ongoing power struggle between the two led to Faisal's resignation in 1960, allowing Saud to reclaim the reins of government, but continued discontent saw Faisal return as prime minister in 1962. After the deposition of Saud in 1964, Faisal succeeded him as king, while remaining prime minister. Since then the two offices have been merged.[1] However, since the reign of King Khalid, others have done much of the "heavy lifting" as the king was either unwilling or unable to carry the workload, especially as the kingdom became a gerontocracy during the 1990s and 2000s. Royal Favorites achieved power to become de facto prime ministers. The current one is the King's son Mohammad, who is his father's top aide.

List of de jure Prime Ministers of Saudi Arabia

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
Abdulaziz
  • Ibn Saud
  • عبد العزيز
(1875-01-15)15 January 1875 –
9 November 1953(1953-11-09) (aged 78)
22 September 1932 (aged 57)9 November 1953
(death by natural causes)
Reign established by conquestSaud
Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia
Saud
  • سعود
(1902-01-12)12 January 1902 –
23 February 1969(1969-02-23) (aged 67)
9 November 1953 (aged 51)2 November 1964
(abdicated)
Son of Ibn Saud and Wadhah bint Muhammad bin 'AqabSaud
Saud of Saudi Arabia
Faisal
  • فيصل
(1906-04-14)14 April 1906 –
25 March 1975(1975-03-25) (aged 68)
2 November 1964 (aged 58)25 March 1975
(assassinated)
Son of Ibn Saud and Tarfa bint Abduallah bin Abdulateef al SheekhSaud
Faisal of Saudi Arabia
Khalid
  • خالد
(1913-02-13)13 February 1913 –
13 June 1982(1982-06-13) (aged 69)
25 March 1975 (aged 62)13 June 1982 (death by natural causes)Son of Ibn Saud and Al Jawhara bint Musaed bin JiluwiSaud
Fahd
  • فهد
16 March 1921 – 1 August 2005 (aged 84)13 June 1982 (aged 61)1 August 2005 (death by natural causes)Son of Ibn Saud and Hussa bint Ahmed Al SudairiSaud
Fahd of Saudi Arabia
Abdullah
  • عبد الله
(1924-08-01)1 August 1924 –
23 January 2015(2015-01-23) (aged 90)
1 August 2005 (aged 81)23 January 2015 (death by natural causes)Son of Ibn Saud and Fahda bint Asi Al ShuraimSaud
Abdullah of Saudi Arabia
Salman
  • سلمان
(1935-12-31) 31 December 1935 (age 86)23 January 2015 (aged 79)IncumbentSon of Ibn Saud and Hussa bint Ahmed Al SudairiSaud
Salman of Saudi Arabia


Since the time of the coup, the Kingship and the prime ministership have been one and the same.

List of de facto Prime Ministers of Saudi Arabia

See also

References

  1. ^ أرشيف-شاهد على العصر-الأمير طلال بن عبد العزيز ج1 [Watch the Times – Prince Talal bin Abdul Aziz] (in Arabic). Al Jazeera. 31 July 2016. Archived from the original on 2021-12-21 – via YouTube.
  2. ^ *"Saudi Arabia". WorldStatesman. Ben Cahoon. Retrieved 2014-03-31.