Prime Minister of Tuvalu
Ulu o te Malo o Tuvalu (Tuvaluan)
Coat of Arms of Tuvalu
Incumbent
Kausea Natano
since 19 September 2019
StyleThe Right Honourable
AppointerElected by the members of the Parliament
Term lengthWhile commanding the confidence of the majority of members of parliament. No term limits are imposed on the office.
Inaugural holderToaripi Lauti
Formation1 October 1978
SalaryAU$ 26,660/US$ 17,892 annually[1]

The prime minister of Tuvalu is the head of government of Tuvalu. According to Tuvalu's constitution, the prime minister must always be a member of the parliament, and is elected by parliament in a secret ballot. Because there are no political parties in Tuvalu, any member of parliament can be nominated for the role. Following the parliamentary vote the governor-general of Tuvalu is responsible for swearing in as the prime minister the person who commands the confidence of a majority of members of parliament.

The office of prime minister was established when Tuvalu gained independence in 1978, although the post is sometimes considered to be a continuation of the earlier office of chief minister, which was created in 1975. If the prime minister dies, as has happened on one occasion, the deputy prime minister becomes acting prime minister until a new one is elected by parliament. The prime minister can lose his office by resigning, being defeated in a motion of no confidence by parliament, or losing his seat in a parliamentary election.

Several former prime ministers have been appointed the governor-general of Tuvalu.

Kausea Natano is the incumbent prime minister, since 19 September 2019.

List of prime ministers

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Election Term of office Ministry Governor-General Monarch
Took office Left office Time in office
Chief Minister of the Ellice Islands
1 Sir Toaripi Lauti
(1928–2014)
2 October 1975 1 October 1978 2 years, 364 days Lauti Ministry
1st Ministry
John Hillary Smith Queen Elizabeth II
Prime Minister of Tuvalu
1 Sir Toaripi Lauti
(1928–2014)
1977 1 October 1978 8 September 1981 2 years, 342 days Lauti Ministry
1st Ministry
Sir Fiatau Penitala Teo
2 Tomasi Puapua
(born 1938)
1981
1985
8 September 1981 16 October 1989 8 years, 38 days First Puapua Ministry
Second Puapua Ministry
2nd Ministry
Sir Tupua Leupena
3 Bikenibeu Paeniu
(born 1956)
1989
1993 (Sep)
16 October 1989 10 December 1993 4 years, 55 days First Paeniu Ministry
3rd Ministry
Sir Toaripi Lauti
Sir Tomu Sione
4 Sir Kamuta Latasi
(born 1936)
1993 (Nov) 10 December 1993 24 December 1996 3 years, 14 days Latasi Ministry
4th Ministry
Sir Tulaga Manuella
(3) Bikenibeu Paeniu
(born 1956)
1993 (Nov)
1998
24 December 1996 27 April 1999 2 years, 124 days Second Paeniu Ministry
Third Paeniu Ministry
5th Ministry
Sir Tomasi Puapua
5 Ionatana Ionatana
(1938–2000)
1998 27 April 1999 8 December 2000 1 year, 225 days Ionatana Ministry
6th Ministry
Acting1 Lagitupu Tuilimu 8 December 2000 24 February 2001 78 days Tuilimu Ministry
6th Ministry (Cont.)
6 Faimalaga Luka
(1940–2005)
1998 24 February 2001 14 December 2001 293 days Luka Ministry
7th Ministry
7 Koloa Talake
(1934–2008)
1998 14 December 2001 2 August 2002 231 days Talake Ministry
8th Ministry
8 Saufatu Sopoanga
(1952–2020)
2002 2 August 2002 27 August 2004 2 years, 25 days Sopoanga Ministry
9th Ministry
Faimalaga Luka
9 Maatia Toafa
(born 1954)
2002 27 August 2004 14 August 2006 1 year, 352 days First Toafa Ministry
10th Ministry
Sir Filoimea Telito
10 Apisai Ielemia
(1955–2018)
2006 14 August 2006 29 September 2010 4 years, 46 days Ielemia Ministry
11th Ministry
Sir Kamuta Latasi
Sir Iakoba Italeli
(9) Maatia Toafa
(born 1954)
2010 29 September 2010 24 December 2010 86 days Second Toafa Ministry
12th Ministry
11 Willy Telavi
(born 1954)
2010 24 December 2010 1 August 2013 2 years, 220 days Telavi Ministry
13th Ministry
12 Enele Sopoaga
(born 1956)
2010
2015
1 August 2013 19 September 2019 6 years, 49 days Sopoaga Ministry
14th Ministry
Mrs. Teniku Talesi Honolulu,
Samuelu Teo,
Sir Tofiga Vaevalu Falani
13 Kausea Natano
(born 1957)
2019 19 September 2019 Incumbent 4 years, 128 days Natano Ministry
15th Ministry
King Charles III

Notes

  1. ^ Tuilimu served as acting prime minister following the death of Ionatana.[2][3]

See also

References

  1. ^ Tuvalu. "PRESCRIPTION OF SALARIES ACT, 2008 Revised Edition" (PDF). tuvalu-legislation.tv.
  2. ^ "Tuvalu: Year In Review 2001". Britannica. 2001. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
  3. ^ Lansford, Tom (2015). Political Handbook of the World 2015. CQ Press.